Districts of England

From Academic Kids

The Districts of England are the lowest level of local government in England except for civil parishes. England is first divided into governmental regions, then administrative counties. Counties are then subdivided into districts.

Contents

History

The present pattern of districts was largely created in 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972. It replaced the earlier divisions into rural districts, urban districts, municipal boroughs and county boroughs which had been created in the late 19th century, with a uniform pattern of districts, which often cover both urban and rural areas.

Innitially the 1974 reforms created a uniform two-tier structure across the whole of England, with metropolitan and non-metropolitan districts sharing power with county councils. However in 1986 the metropolitan districts became single-tier authorities when the metropolitan county councils were abolished. Throughout the 1990s many large towns and cities became single-tier unitary authorities, independant of county councils.

Types

There are four types of district in England, which vary in their status and powers. Unitary authorities and metropolitan districts are single-tier authorities, responsible for almost all local government functions in their areas.

Non metropolitan districts are second-tier authorities which share power with county councils. London Boroughs are no longer fully unitary, but have more powers than non-metropolitan districts.

There are in total 36 metropolitan districts, 32 London boroughs, 284 non-metropolitan districts (if the Isle of Wight is counted as a district), the Isles of Scilly, and the City of London, making a total of 354 district-level authorities.

All types of district may sometimes call themseles boroughs, cities, or royal boroughs. however these are purely honourific titles and do not affect the district's administrative status.

This is a brief description of the different types of district:

Non-metropolitan district

Main article Non-metropolitan district

These are subdivisions of a shire county and are the most common type of district. In the shire counties a two-tier system of government exists, with local government functions divided between county and district councils:

Where a two-tier system exists, the county councils are responsible for: Education, transport, the fire service, consumer protection, waste disposal, social services, libraries and strategic planning.

The district councils are responsible for: local planning, local highways, housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection, cemeteries and crematoria, leisure services, parks and tourism.

The number of non-metropolitan districts has varied over time. Initially there were 296; after mergers in the 1990s their numbers were reduced to 284.

Unitary authorities

see unitary authority

These are single-tier districts which have no second level of government, and are responsible for running all local services in their areas, combining both county and district functions. Many large towns and cities are administered as UA's as this is deemed to be more efficient than a two-tier structure. In addition in some small English counties such as Rutland and Herefordshire, the county council is a unitary authority, and has no districts.

Metropolitan district/borough

see metropolitan district

Metropolitan districts (or metropolitan boroughs) are a type of sub division of a metropolitan county. These are effectively the same thing as the unitary authorities, as the metropolitan county councils were abolished in 1986, with most of their powers devolved to the districts. Although they run some services jointly with other metropolitan districts within their counties.

London boroughs

see London Borough

These are sub-divisions of Greater London. These were established in 1965. Between 1965 and 1986 a two-tier structure of government existed in Greater London, and the boroughs shared power with the Greater London Council (GLC), however when the GLC was abolished in 1986 they became effectively unitary authorities.

However in 2000 a new Greater London Authority was established , and the two-tier structure was restored.

List A-D

Name Website Population   Type Ceremonial County
Adur website (http://www.adur.gov.uk/) 59,627   District West Sussex
Allerdale website (http://www.allerdale.gov.uk/) 93,492   Borough Cumbria
Alnwick website (http://www.alnwick.gov.uk/) 31,029   District Northumberland
Amber Valley website (http://www.ambervalley.gov.uk) 116,471   Borough Derbyshire
Arun website (http://www.arun.gov.uk/) 140,759   District West Sussex
Ashfield website (http://www.ashfield-dc.gov.uk/) 111,387   District Nottinghamshire
Ashford website (http://www.ashford.gov.uk) 102,661   Borough Kent
Aylesbury Vale website (http://www.aylesburyvaledc.gov.uk/) 165,748   District Buckinghamshire
Babergh website (http://www.babergh-south-suffolk.gov.uk/) 83,461   District Suffolk
Barking and Dagenham website (http://www.barking-dagenham.gov.uk/) 163,944   London borough Greater London
Barnet website (http://www.barnet.gov.uk/) 314,564   London borough Greater London
Barnsley website (http://www.barnsley.gov.uk) 218,063   Metropolitan borough South Yorkshire
Barrow-in-Furness website (http://www.barrowbc.gov.uk/) 71,980   Borough Cumbria
Basildon website (http://www.basildon.gov.uk/) 165,668   District Essex
Basingstoke and Deane website (http://www.basingstoke.gov.uk/) 152,573   Borough Hampshire
Bassetlaw website (http://www.bassetlaw.gov.uk/) 107,713   District Nottinghamshire
Bath and North East Somerset website (http://www.bathnes.gov.uk/) 169,040   Unitary, District Somerset
Bedford website (http://www.bedford.gov.uk/) 147,911   Borough Bedfordshire
Berwick-upon-Tweed website (http://www.berwick-upon-tweed.gov.uk/) 25,949   Borough Northumberland
Bexley website (http://www.bexley.gov.uk/) 218,307   London borough Greater London
Birmingham website (http://www.birmingham.gov.uk/) 977,087   Metropolitan borough, City (1889) West Midlands
Blaby website (http://www.blaby.gov.uk) 90,252   District Leicestershire
Blackburn with Darwen website (http://www.blackburn.gov.uk/) 137,470   Unitary, Borough Lancashire
Blackpool website (http://www.blackpool.gov.uk/) 142,283   Unitary, Borough Lancashire
Blyth Valley website (http://www.blythvalley.gov.uk/) 81,265   Borough Northumberland
Bolsover website (http://www.bolsover.gov.uk) 71,766   District Derbyshire
Bolton website (http://www.bolton.gov.uk/) 261,037   Metropolitan borough Greater Manchester
Boston website (http://www.boston.gov.uk/) 55,750   Borough Lincolnshire
Bournemouth website (http://www.bournemouth.gov.uk/) 163,444   Unitary, Borough Dorset
Bracknell Forest website (http://www.bracknell-forest.gov.uk/) 109,617   Unitary, Borough Berkshire
Bradford website (http://www.bradford.gov.uk/) 467,665   Metropolitan borough, City (1897) West Yorkshire
Braintree website (http://www.braintree.gov.uk/) 132,179   District Essex
Breckland website (http://www.breckland.gov.uk/) 121,418   District Norfolk
Brent website (http://www2.brent.gov.uk/) 263,464   London borough Greater London
Brentwood website (http://www.brentwood-council.gov.uk/) 68,456   Borough Essex
Bridgnorth website (http://www.bridgend.gov.uk/) 52,497   District Shropshire
Brighton and Hove website (http://www.brighton-hove.gov.uk/) 247,817   Unitary, City (2000) East Sussex
Bristol website (http://www.bristol-city.gov.uk/) 380,615   Unitary, City (1542) Bristol
Broadland website (http://www.broadland.gov.uk/) 118,513   District Norfolk
Bromley website (http://www.bromley.gov.uk/) 295,532   London borough Greater London
Bromsgrove website (http://www.bromsgrove.gov.uk/) 87,837   District Worcestershire
Broxbourne website (http://www.broxbourne.gov.uk/) 87,054   Borough Hertfordshire
Broxtowe website (http://www.broxtowe.gov.uk/) 107,570   Borough Nottinghamshire
Burnley website (http://www.burnley.gov.uk/) 89,542   Borough Lancashire
Bury website (http://www.bury.gov.uk/) 180,608   Metropolitan borough Greater Manchester
Calderdale website (http://www.calderdale.gov.uk/) 192,405   Metropolitan borough West Yorkshire
Cambridge website (http://www.cambridge.gov.uk/cambridge.htm) 108,863   City (1951) Cambridgeshire
Camden website (http://www.camden.gov.uk/) 198,020   London borough Greater London
Cannock Chase website (http://www.cannockchasedc.gov.uk/) 92,126   District Staffordshire
Canterbury website (http://www.canterbury.gov.uk/) 135,278   City Kent
Caradon website (http://www.caradon.gov.uk/) 79,649   District Cornwall
Carlisle website (http://www.carlisle-city.gov.uk/) 100,739   City Cumbria
Carrick website (http://www.carrick.gov.uk/) 87,865   District Cornwall
Castle Morpeth website (http://www.castlemorpeth.gov.uk/) 49,001   Borough Northumberland
Castle Point website (http://www.castlepoint.gov.uk/) 86,608   Borough Essex
Charnwood website (http://www.charnwoodbc.gov.uk/) 153,462   Borough Leicestershire
Chelmsford website (http://www.chelmsfordbc.gov.uk/) 157,072   Borough Essex
Cheltenham website (http://www.cheltenham.gov.uk/) 110,013   Borough Gloucestershire
Cherwell website (http://www.cherwell-dc.gov.uk) 131,785   District Oxfordshire
Chester website (http://www.chestercc.gov.uk/) 118,210   City Cheshire
Chesterfield website (http://www.chesterfieldbc.gov.uk/) 98,845   Borough Derbyshire
Chester-le-Street website (http://www.chester-le-street.gov.uk/) 53,692   District Durham
Chichester website (http://www.chichestercity.gov.uk/) 106,450   District West Sussex
Chiltern website (http://www.chiltern.gov.uk/) 89,228   District Buckinghamshire
Chorley website (http://www.chorley.gov.uk/) 100,449   Borough Lancashire
Christchurch website (http://www.christchurch.gov.uk/) 44,865   Borough Dorset
City of London website (http://www.cityoflondon.gov.uk/) 7,185   London borough, City Greater London
Colchester website (http://www.colchester.gov.uk/) 155,796   Borough Essex
Congleton website (http://www.congleton.gov.uk/) 90,655   Borough Cheshire
Copeland website (http://www.copelandbc.gov.uk/) 69,318   Borough Cumbria
Corby website (http://www.corby.gov.uk/) 53,174   Borough Northamptonshire
Cotswold website (http://www.cotswold.gov.uk/) 80,376   District Gloucestershire
Coventry website (http://www.coventry.gov.uk/) 300,848   Metropolitan borough, City (1345) West Midlands
Craven website (http://www.cravendc.gov.uk/) 53,620   District North Yorkshire
Crawley website (http://www.crawley.gov.uk/) 99,744   Borough West Sussex
Crewe and Nantwich website (http://www.crewe-nantwich.gov.uk) 111,007   Borough Cheshire
Croydon website (http://www.croydon.gov.uk/) 330,587   London borough Greater London
Dacorum website (http://www.dacorum.gov.uk/) 137,799   Borough Hertfordshire
Darlington website (http://www.darlington.gov.uk/) 97,838   Unitary, Borough Durham
Dartford website (http://www.dartford.gov.uk/) 85,911   Borough Kent
Daventry website (http://www.daventrydc.gov.uk/) 71,838   District Northamptonshire
Derby website (http://www.derby.gov.uk/) 221,708   Unitary, City (1977) Derbyshire
Derbyshire Dales website (http://www.derbyshiredales.gov.uk/) 69,469   District Derbyshire
Derwentside website (http://www.derwentside.gov.uk/) 85,074   District Durham
Doncaster website (http://www.doncaster.gov.uk/) 286,866   Metropolitan borough South Yorkshire
Dover website (http://www.dover.gov.uk/) 104,566   District Kent
Dudley website (http://www.dudley.gov.uk/) 305,155   Metropolitan borough West Midlands
Durham website (http://www.durhamcity.gov.uk/) 87,709   City Durham

List E-K

Name Website Population   Type Ceremonial County
Ealing website (http://www.ealing.gov.uk/) 300,948   London borough Greater London
Easington website (http://www.placetobe.co.uk/) 93,993   District Durham
East Cambridgeshire website (http://www.eastcambs.gov.uk/) 73,214   District Cambridgeshire
East Devon website (http://www.east-devon.gov.uk/) 125,520   District Devon
East Dorset website (http://www.eastdorsetdc.gov.uk/) 83,786   District Dorset
East Hampshire website (http://www.easthants.gov.uk/) 109,274   District Hampshire
East Hertfordshire website (http://www.eastherts.gov.uk/) 128,919   District Hertfordshire
East Lindsey website (http://www.e-lindsey.gov.uk/) 130,447   District Lincolnshire
East Northamptonshire website (http://www.east-northamptonshire.gov.uk/) 76,550   District Northamptonshire
East Riding of Yorkshire website (http://www.eastriding.gov.uk/) 314,113   Unitary, District East Riding of Yorkshire
East Staffordshire website (http://www.eaststaffsbc.gov.uk/) 103,770   Borough Staffordshire
Eastbourne website (http://www.eastbourne.gov.uk/) 89,667   Borough East Sussex
Eastleigh website (http://www.eastleigh.gov.uk/) 116,169   Borough Hampshire
Eden website (http://www.eden.gov.uk/) 49,777   District Cumbria
Ellesmere Port and Neston website (http://www.ellesmereport-neston.gov.uk/) 81,672   Borough Cheshire
Elmbridge website (http://www.elmbridge.gov.uk/) 121,936   Borough Surrey
Enfield website (http://www.enfield.gov.uk/) 273,559   London borough Greater London
Epping Forest (district) website (http://www.eppingforestdc.gov.uk/) 120,896   District Essex
Epsom and Ewell website (http://www.epsom-ewell.gov.uk) 67,059   Borough Surrey
Erewash website (http://www.erewash.gov.uk) 110,099   Borough Derbyshire
Exeter website (http://www.exeter.gov.uk) 111,076   City Devon
Fareham website (http://www.fareham.gov.uk/) 107,977   Borough Hampshire
Fenland website (http://www.fenland.gov.uk/) 83,519   District Cambridgeshire
Forest Heath website (http://www.forest-heath.gov.uk/) 55,510   District Suffolk
Forest of Dean website (http://www.fdean.gov.uk/) 79,982   District Gloucestershire
Fylde website (http://www.fylde.gov.uk/) 73,217   Borough Lancashire
Gateshead website (http://www.gateshead.gov.uk/) 191,151   Metropolitan borough Tyne and Wear
Gedling website (http://www.gedling.gov.uk/) 111,787   Borough Nottinghamshire
Gloucester website (http://www.glos-city.gov.uk/) 109,885   City Gloucestershire
Gosport website (http://www.gosport.gov.uk/) 76,415   Borough Hampshire
Gravesham website (http://www.gravesham.gov.uk/) 95,717   Borough Kent
Great Yarmouth website (http://www.great-yarmouth.gov.uk/) 90,810   Borough Norfolk
Greenwich website (http://www.greenwich.gov.uk/) 214,403   London borough Greater London
Guildford website (http://www.guildford.gov.uk/) 129,701   Borough Surrey
Hackney website (http://www.hackney.gov.uk/) 202,824   London borough Greater London
Halton website (http://www.halton.gov.uk/) 118,208   Unitary, Borough Cheshire
Hambleton website (http://www.hambleton.gov.uk/) 84,111   District North Yorkshire
Hammersmith and Fulham website (http://www.lbhf.gov.uk/) 165,242   London borough Greater London
Harborough website (http://www.harborough.gov.uk/) 76,559   District Leicestershire
Haringey website (http://www.haringey.gov.uk/) 216,507   London borough Greater London
Harlow website (http://www.harlow.gov.uk/) 78,768   District Essex
Harrogate website (http://www.harrogate.gov.uk/) 151,336   District North Yorkshire
Harrow website (http://www.harrow.gov.uk/) 206,814   London borough Greater London
Hart website (http://www.hart.gov.uk/) 83,505   District Hampshire
Hartlepool website (http://www.hartlepool.gov.uk/) 88,611   Unitary, Borough Durham
Hastings website (http://www.hastings.gov.uk/) 85,029   Borough East Sussex
Havant website (http://www.havant.gov.uk/) 116,849   Borough Hampshire
Havering website (http://www.havering.gov.uk) 224,248   London borough Greater London
Herefordshire website (http://www.herefordshire.gov.uk/) 174,871   Unitary, County Herefordshire
Hertsmere website (http://www.hertsmere.gov.uk/) 94,450   Borough Hertfordshire
High Peak website (http://www.highpeak.gov.uk/) 89,433   Borough Derbyshire
Hillingdon website (http://www.hillingdon.gov.uk/) 243,006   London borough Greater London
Hinckley and Bosworth website (http://www.hinckleyandbosworthonline.org.uk/) 100,141   Borough Leicestershire
Horsham website (http://www.horsham.gov.uk/) 122,088   District West Sussex
Hounslow website (http://www.hounslow.gov.uk/) 212,341   London borough Greater London
Hull website (http://www.hullcc.gov.uk/) 243,589   Unitary, City (1299) East Riding of Yorkshire
Huntingdonshire website (http://www.huntsdc.gov.uk/) 156,954   District Cambridgeshire
Hyndburn website (http://www.hyndburnbc.gov.uk/) 81,496   Borough Lancashire
Ipswich website (http://www.ipswich.gov.uk/) 117,069   Borough Suffolk
Isle of Wight website (http://www.iwight.com/) 132,731   Unitary, County Isle of Wight
Isles of Scilly website (http://www.scilly.gov.uk/) 2,153   Unitary, District Cornwall
Islington website (http://www.islington.gov.uk/) 175,797   London borough Greater London
Kennet website (http://www.kennet.gov.uk/) 74,838   District Wiltshire
Kensington and Chelsea website (http://www.rbkc.gov.uk/) 158,919   London borough, Royal borough Greater London
Kerrier website (http://www.kerrier.gov.uk/) 92,517   District Cornwall
Kettering website (http://www.kettering.gov.uk/) 81,844   Borough Northamptonshire
King's Lynn and West Norfolk website (http://www.west-norfolk.gov.uk/) 135,345   Borough Norfolk
Kingston upon Thames website (http://www.kingston.gov.uk) 147,273   London borough, Royal borough Greater London
Kirklees website (http://www.kirkleesmc.gov.uk/) 388,567   Metropolitan borough West Yorkshire
Knowsley website (http://www.knowsley.gov.uk/) 150,459   Metropolitan borough Merseyside

List L-R

Lambeth website (http://www.lambeth.gov.uk) 266,169   London borough Greater London
Lancaster website (http://www.lancaster.gov.uk/) 133,914   City (1937) Lancashire
Leeds website (http://www.leeds.gov.uk/) 715,402   Metropolitan borough, City (1893) West Yorkshire
Leicester website (http://www.leicester.gov.uk/) 279,921   Unitary, City (1919) Leicestershire
Lewes website (http://www.lewes.gov.uk/) 92,177   District East Sussex
Lewisham website (http://www.lewisham.gov.uk/) 248,922   London borough Greater London
Lichfield website (http://www.lichfielddc.gov.uk/) 93,232   District Staffordshire
Lincoln website (http://www.lincoln.gov.uk/) 85,595   City Lincolnshire
Liverpool website (http://www.liverpool.gov.uk/) 439,473   Metropolitan borough, City (1880) Merseyside
Luton website (http://www.luton.gov.uk/) 184,371   Unitary, Borough Bedfordshire
Macclesfield website (http://www.macclesfield.gov.uk/) 150,155   Borough Cheshire
Maidstone website (http://www.digitalmaidstone.co.uk/) 138,948   Borough Kent
Maldon website (http://www.maldon.gov.uk/) 59,418   District Essex
Malvern Hills website (http://www.malvernhills.gov.uk/) 72,172   District Worcestershire
Manchester website (http://www.manchester.gov.uk/) 392,819   Metropolitan borough, City (1853) Greater Manchester
Mansfield website (http://www.mansfield.gov.uk/) 98,181   District Nottinghamshire
Medway website (http://www.medway.gov.uk/) 249,488   Unitary, Borough Kent
Melton website (http://www.melton.gov.uk/) 47,866   Borough Leicestershire
Mendip website (http://www.mendip.gov.uk/) 103,869   District Somerset
Merton website (http://www.merton.gov.uk/) 187,908   London borough Greater London
Mid Bedfordshire website (http://www.midbeds.gov.uk/) 121,024   District Bedfordshire
Mid Devon website (http://www.middevon.gov.uk/) 69,774   District Devon
Mid Suffolk website (http://www.mid-suffolk-dc.gov.uk/) 86,837   District Suffolk
Mid Sussex website (http://www.midsussex.gov.uk/) 127,378   District West Sussex
Middlesbrough website (http://www.middlesbrough.gov.uk/) 134,855   Unitary, Borough North Yorkshire
Milton Keynes website (http://www.miltonkeynes.gov.uk/) 207,057   Unitary, Borough Buckinghamshire
Mole Valley website (http://www.molevalley.gov.uk/) 80,287   District Surrey
New Forest website (http://www.nfdc.gov.uk/) 169,331   District Hampshire
Newark and Sherwood website (http://www.newark-sherwooddc.gov.uk/) 106,273   District Nottinghamshire
Newcastle-under-Lyme website (http://www.newcastle-staffs.gov.uk/) 122,030   Borough Staffordshire
Newcastle upon Tyne website (http://www.newcastle.gov.uk/) 259,536   Metropolitan borough, City (1882) Tyne and Wear
Newham website (http://www.newham.gov.uk/) 243,891   London borough Greater London
North Cornwall website (http://www.ncdc.gov.uk/) 80,509   District Cornwall
North Devon website (http://www.northdevon.gov.uk/) 87,508   District Devon
North Dorset website (http://www.north-dorset.gov.uk/) 61,905   District Dorset
North East Derbyshire website (http://www.ne-derbyshire.gov.uk/) 96,940   District Derbyshire
North East Lincolnshire website (http://www.nelincs.gov.uk/IC/Index.htm) 157,979   Unitary, Borough Lincolnshire
North Hertfordshire website (http://www.nhdc.gov.uk/) 116,908   District Hertfordshire
North Kesteven website (http://www.n-kesteven.gov.uk/) 94,024   District Lincolnshire
North Lincolnshire website (http://www.northlincs.gov.uk/) 152,849   Unitary, Borough Lincolnshire
North Norfolk website (http://www.north-norfolk.gov.uk/) 98,382   District Norfolk
North Shropshire website (http://www.northshropshiredc.gov.uk/) 57,108   District Shropshire
North Somerset website (http://www.n-somerset.gov.uk) 188,564   Unitary, District Somerset
North Tyneside website (http://www.northtyneside.gov.uk) 191,659   Metropolitan borough Tyne and Wear
North Warwickshire website (http://www.northwarks.gov.uk/) 61,860   Borough Warwickshire
North West Leicestershire website (http://www.nwleics.gov.uk/) 85,503   District Leicestershire
North Wiltshire website (http://www.northwilts.gov.uk/) 125,372   District Wiltshire
Northampton website (http://www.northampton.gov.uk/) 194,458   Borough Northamptonshire
Norwich website (http://www.norwich.gov.uk/) 121,550   City (1195) Norfolk
Nottingham website (http://www.nottinghamcity.gov.uk) 266,988   Unitary, City (1897) Nottinghamshire
Nuneaton and Bedworth website (http://www.nuneatonandbedworth.gov.uk/) 119,132   Borough Warwickshire
Oadby and Wigston website (http://www.oadby-wigston.gov.uk/) 55,795   Borough Leicestershire
Oldham website (http://www.oldham.gov.uk/) 217,273   Metropolitan borough Greater Manchester
Oswestry website (http://www.oswestrybc.gov.uk/) 37,308   Borough Shropshire
Oxford website (http://www.oxford.gov.uk/) 134,248   City (1542) Oxfordshire
Pendle website (http://www.pendle.gov.uk/) 89,248   Borough Lancashire
Penwith website (http://www.penwith.gov.uk) 63,012   District Cornwall
Peterborough website (http://www.peterborough.gov.uk/) 156,061   Unitary, City (1541) Cambridgeshire
Plymouth website (http://www.plymouth.gov.uk/) 240,720   Unitary, City (1928) Devon
Poole website (http://www.poole.gov.uk/) 138,288   Unitary, Borough Dorset
Portsmouth website (http://www.portsmouth.gov.uk/) 186,701   Unitary, City (1926) Hampshire
Preston website (http://www.preston.gov.uk/) 129,633   City (2002) Lancashire
Purbeck website (http://www.purbeck-dc.gov.uk/) 44,416   District Dorset
Reading website (http://www.reading.gov.uk/) 143,096   Unitary, Borough Berkshire
Redbridge website (http://www.redbridge.gov.uk/) 238,635   London borough Greater London
Redcar and Cleveland website (http://www.redcar-cleveland.gov.uk/) 139,132   Unitary, Borough North Yorkshire
Redditch website (http://www.redditchbc.gov.uk/) 78,807   Borough Worcestershire
Reigate and Banstead website (http://www.reigate-banstead.gov.uk/) 126,523   Borough Surrey
Restormel website (http://www.restormel.gov.uk/) 95,562   Borough Cornwall
Ribble Valley website (http://www.ribblevalley.gov.uk) 53,960   Borough Lancashire
Richmond upon Thames website (http://www.richmond.gov.uk/) 172,335   London borough Greater London
Richmondshire website (http://www.richmondshire.gov.uk/) 47,010   District North Yorkshire
Rochdale website (http://www.rochdale.gov.uk/) 205,357   Metropolitan borough Greater Manchester
Rochford website (http://www.rochford.gov.uk/) 78,488   District Essex
Rossendale website (http://www.rossendale.gov.uk/) 65,652   Borough Lancashire
Rother website (http://www.rother.gov.uk/) 85,428   District East Sussex
Rotherham website (http://www.rotherham.gov.uk/) 248,175   Metropolitan borough South Yorkshire
Rugby website (http://www.rugby.gov.uk/) 87,453   Borough Warwickshire
Runnymede website (http://www.runnymede.gov.uk/) 78,033   Borough Surrey
Rushcliffe website (http://www.rushcliffe.gov.uk/) 105,599   Borough Nottinghamshire
Rushmoor website (http://www.rushmoor.gov.uk/) 90,987   Borough Hampshire
Rutland website (http://www.rutnet.co.uk/rcc/) 34,563   Unitary, County Rutland
Ryedale website (http://www.ryedale.gov.uk/) 50,872   District North Yorkshire

List S-Z

St Albans website (http://www.stalbans.gov.uk/) 129,005   City (1877) Hertfordshire
St Edmundsbury website (http://www.stedmundsbury.gov.uk/) 98,193   Borough Suffolk
St Helens website (http://www.sthelens.gov.uk/) 176,843   Metropolitan borough Merseyside
Salford website (http://www.salford.gov.uk/) 216,103   Metropolitan borough, City (1926) Greater Manchester
Salisbury website (http://www.salisbury.gov.uk/) 114,613   District Wiltshire
Sandwell website (http://www.smbc.sandwell.gov.uk/) 282,904   Metropolitan borough West Midlands
Scarborough website (http://www.scarborough.gov.uk) 106,243   Borough North Yorkshire
Sedgefield website (http://www.sedgefield.gov.uk/) 87,206   Borough Durham
Sedgemoor website (http://www.sedgemoor.gov.uk/) 105,881   District Somerset
Sefton website (http://www.sefton.gov.uk/) 282,958   Metropolitan borough Merseyside
Selby website (http://www.selby.gov.uk/) 76,468   District North Yorkshire
Sevenoaks website (http://www.sevenoaks.gov.uk/) 109,305   District Kent
Sheffield website (http://www.sheffield.gov.uk/) 513,234   Metropolitan borough, City (1893) South Yorkshire
Shepway website (http://www.shepway.gov.uk/) 96,238   District Kent
Shrewsbury and Atcham website (http://www.shrewsbury-atcham.gov.uk/) 95,850   Borough Shropshire
Slough website (http://www.slough.gov.uk/) 119,067   Unitary, Borough Berkshire
Solihull website (http://www.solihull.gov.uk/) 199,517   Metropolitan borough West Midlands
South Bedfordshire website (http://www.southbeds.gov.uk/) 112,637   District Bedfordshire
South Bucks website (http://www.southbucks.gov.uk) 61,945   District Buckinghamshire
South Cambridgeshire website (http://www.scambs.gov.uk/) 130,108   District Cambridgeshire
South Derbyshire website (http://www.south-derbys.gov.uk/) 81,562   District Derbyshire
South Gloucestershire website (http://www.southglos.gov.uk/) 245,641   Unitary, District Gloucestershire
South Hams website (http://www.south-hams-dc.gov.uk/) 81,849   District Devon
South Holland website (http://www.sholland.gov.uk/) 76,522   District Lincolnshire
South Kesteven website (http://www.skdc.com/) 124,792   District Lincolnshire
South Lakeland website (http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/sldc/) 102,301   District Cumbria
South Norfolk website (http://www.south-norfolk.gov.uk/) 110,710   District Norfolk
South Northamptonshire website (http://www.southnorthants.gov.uk/) 79,293   District Northamptonshire
South Oxfordshire website (http://www.southoxon.gov.uk/) 128,188   District Oxfordshire
South Ribble website (http://www.south-ribblebc.gov.uk) 103,867   Borough Lancashire
South Shropshire website (http://www.southshropshire.gov.uk/) 40,410   District Shropshire
South Somerset website (http://www.southsomerset.gov.uk/) 150,969   District Somerset
South Staffordshire website (http://www.sstaffs.gov.uk/) 105,896   District Staffordshire
South Tyneside website (http://www.southtyneside.gov.uk/) 152,785   Metropolitan borough Tyne and Wear
Southampton website (http://www.southampton.gov.uk/) 217,445   Unitary, City (1964) Hampshire
Southend-on-Sea website (http://www.southend.gov.uk/) 160,257   Unitary, Borough Essex
Southwark website (http://www.southwark.gov.uk/) 244,866   London borough Greater London
Spelthorne website (http://www.spelthorne.gov.uk/) 90,390   Borough Surrey
Stafford website (http://www.staffordbc.gov.uk/) 120,670   District Staffordshire
Staffordshire Moorlands website (http://www.staffsmoorlands.gov.uk/) 94,489   District Staffordshire
Stevenage website (http://www.stevenage.gov.uk/) 79,715   Borough Hertfordshire
Stockport website (http://www.stockport.gov.uk/) 284,528   Metropolitan borough Greater Manchester
Stockton-on-Tees website (http://www.stockton.gov.uk/) 178,408   Unitary, Borough Durham and North Yorkshire
Stoke-on-Trent website (http://www.stoke.gov.uk/) 240,636   Unitary, City (1925) Staffordshire
Stratford-on-Avon website (http://www.stratford.gov.uk/) 111,484   District Warwickshire
Stroud website (http://www.stroud.gov.uk/) 107,898   District Gloucestershire
Suffolk Coastal website (http://www.suffolkcoastal.gov.uk) 115,141   District Suffolk
Sunderland website (http://www.sunderland.gov.uk) 280,807   Metropolitan borough, City (1992) Tyne and Wear
Surrey Heath website (http://www.surreyheath.gov.uk/) 80,314   Borough Surrey
Sutton website (http://www.sutton.gov.uk/) 179,768   London borough Greater London
Swale website (http://www.swale.gov.uk/) 122,801   Borough Kent
Swindon website (http://www.swindon.gov.uk/) 180,051   Unitary, Borough Wiltshire
Tameside website (http://www.tameside.gov.uk/) 213,043   Metropolitan borough Greater Manchester
Tamworth website (http://www.tamworth.gov.uk/) 74,531   Borough Staffordshire
Tandridge website (http://www.tandridge.gov.uk/) 79,267   District Surrey
Taunton Deane website (http://www.tauntondeane.gov.uk/) 102,299   Borough Somerset
Teesdale website (http://www.teesdale.gov.uk/) 24,457   District Durham
Teignbridge website (http://www.teignbridge.gov.uk/) 120,958   District Devon
Telford and Wrekin website (http://www.telford.gov.uk/) 158,325   Unitary, Borough Shropshire
Tendring website (http://www.tendringdc.gov.uk/) 138,555   District Essex
Test Valley website (http://www.testvalley.gov.uk/) 109,801   Borough Hampshire
Tewkesbury website (http://www.tewkesburybc.gov.uk/) 76,405   Borough Gloucestershire
Thanet website (http://www.thanet.gov.uk/) 126,702   District Kent
Three Rivers website (http://www.3rivers.gov.uk/) 82,848   District Hertfordshire
Thurrock website (http://www.thurrock.gov.uk/) 143,128   Unitary, Borough Essex
Tonbridge and Malling website (http://www.tmbc.gov.uk/) 107,561   Borough Kent
Torbay website (http://www.torbay.gov.uk/) 129,706   Unitary, Borough Devon
Torridge website (http://www.torridge.gov.uk) 58,965   District Devon
Tower Hamlets website (http://www.towerhamlets.gov.uk/) 196,106   London borough Greater London
Trafford website (http://www.trafford.gov.uk/) 210,145   Metropolitan borough Greater Manchester
Tunbridge Wells website (http://www.tunbridgewells.gov.uk/) 104,030   Borough Kent
Tynedale website (http://www.tynedale.gov.uk/) 58,808   District Northumberland
Uttlesford website (http://www.uttlesford.gov.uk/) 68,946   District Essex
Vale of White Horse website (http://www.whitehorsedc.gov.uk/) 115,627   District Oxfordshire
Vale Royal website (http://www.valeroyal.gov.uk/) 122,089   Borough Cheshire
Wakefield website (http://www.wakefield.gov.uk/) 315,172   Metropolitan borough, City (1888) West Yorkshire
Walsall website (http://www.walsall.gov.uk/) 253,499   Metropolitan borough West Midlands
Waltham Forest website (http://www.lbwf.gov.uk/) 218,341   London borough Greater London
Wandsworth website (http://www.wandsworth.gov.uk/) 260,380   London borough Greater London
Wansbeck website (http://www.wansbeck.gov.uk/) 61,138   District Northumberland
Warrington website (http://www.warrington.gov.uk/) 191,080   Unitary, Borough Cheshire
Warwick website (http://www.warwickdc.gov.uk/) 125,931   District Warwickshire
Watford website (http://www.watford.gov.uk/) 79,726   Borough Hertfordshire
Waveney website (http://www.waveney.gov.uk) 112,342   District Suffolk
Waverley website (http://www.waverley.gov.uk/) 115,665   Borough Surrey
Wealden website (http://www.wealden.gov.uk) 140,023   District East Sussex
Wear Valley website (http://www.wearvalley.gov.uk) 61,339   District Durham
Wellingborough website (http://www.wellingborough.gov.uk) 72,519   Borough Northamptonshire
Welwyn Hatfield website (http://www.welhat.gov.uk) 97,553   District Hertfordshire
West Berkshire website (http://www.westberks.gov.uk/) 144,483   Unitary, District Berkshire
West Devon website (http://www.westdevon.gov.uk/) 48,843   Borough Devon
West Dorset website (http://www.westdorset-dc.gov.uk/) 92,360   District Dorset
West Lancashire website (http://www.westlancsdc.gov.uk/) 108,378   District Lancashire
West Lindsey website (http://www.west-lindsey.gov.uk/) 79,515   District Lincolnshire
West Oxfordshire website (http://www.westoxon.gov.uk/) 95,640   District Oxfordshire
West Somerset website (http://www.west.somerset.gov.uk/) 35,075   District Somerset
West Wiltshire website (http://www.westwiltshire.gov.uk/) 118,150   District Wiltshire
Westminster website (http://www.westminster.gov.uk) 181,286   London borough, City (1540) Greater London
Weymouth and Portland website (http://www.weymouth.gov.uk) 63,648   Borough Dorset
Wigan website (http://www.wiganmbc.gov.uk) 301,415   Metropolitan borough Greater Manchester
Winchester website (http://www.winchester.gov.uk) 107,222   City Hampshire
Windsor and Maidenhead website (http://www.rbwm.gov.uk/) 133,626   Unitary, Royal Borough Berkshire
Wirral website (http://www.wirral.gov.uk) 312,293   Metropolitan borough Merseyside
Woking website (http://www.woking.gov.uk) 89,840   Borough Surrey
Wokingham website (http://www.wokingham.gov.uk/) 150,229   Unitary, District Berkshire
Wolverhampton website (http://www.wolverhampton.gov.uk/) 236,582   Metropolitan borough, City (2000) West Midlands
Worcester website (http://www.cityofworcester.gov.uk/) 93,353   City (1189) Worcestershire
Worthing website (http://www.worthing.gov.uk/) 97,568   Borough West Sussex
Wychavon website (http://www.wychavon.gov.uk/) 112,957   District Worcestershire
Wycombe website (http://www.wycombe.gov.uk/) 162,105   District Buckinghamshire
Wyre website (http://www.wyrebc.gov.uk/) 105,618   Borough Lancashire
Wyre Forest website (http://www.wyreforestdc.gov.uk/) 96,981   District Worcestershire
York website (http://www.york.gov.uk/) 181,094   Unitary, City North Yorkshire

Former districts

The current pattern of districts was introduced in 1974 throughout England and Wales, replacing an older system of urban districts, rural districts and county boroughs.

In England, several changes have taken place, but only within the framework created then. However in Wales the Welsh districts have been replaced entirely with new unitary counties and county boroughs of Wales.

Former English districts are as follows

District Status Date abolished Former county Successor
Bath City April 1, 1996 Avon Bath and North East Somerset
Beverley Borough April 1, 1996 Humberside East Riding of Yorkshire
Boothferry Borough April 1, 1996 Humberside East Riding of Yorkshire and North Lincolnshire
Brighton Borough April 1, 1997 East Sussex Brighton and Hove
Cleethorpes Borough April 1, 1996 Humberside North East Lincolnshire
East Yorkshire Borough April 1, 1996 Humberside East Riding of Yorkshire
Gillingham Borough April 1, 1998 Kent Medway
Glanford Borough April 1, 1996 Humberside North Lincolnshire
Great Grimsby Borough April 1, 1996 Humberside North East Lincolnshire
Hereford City April 1, 1998 Hereford and Worcester Herefordshire
Holderness Borough April 1, 1996 Humberside East Riding of Yorkshire
Hove Borough April 1, 1997 East Sussex Brighton and Hove
Kingswood Borough April 1, 1996 Avon South Gloucestershire
Leominster District April 1, 1998 Hereford and Worcester Herefordshire (part to Malvern Hills)
Malvern Hills District April 1, 1998 Hereford and Worcester Herefordshire and Malvern Hills
Medina Borough April 1, 1995 Isle of Wight Isle of Wight
Northavon District April 1, 1996 Avon South Gloucestershire
Rochester City April 1, 1998 Kent Medway
Scunthorpe Borough April 1, 1996 Humberside North Lincolnshire
South Herefordshire District April 1, 1998 Hereford and Worcester Herefordshire
South Wight Borough April 1, 1995 Isle of Wight Isle of Wight
Wansdyke District April 1, 1996 Avon Bath and North East Somerset

Most these districts were merged to form unitary authorities, which are indicated in the right.

The exceptions were Malvern Hills and Leominster, which were both split between the new district of Herefordshire and a new district of Malvern Hills.

New districts

Districts created post-1974 are


District Date created Predecessor(s)
Bath and North East Somerset April 1, 1996 Bath and Wansdyke
Brighton and Hove April 1, 1997 Brighton and Hove
East Riding of Yorkshire April 1, 1996 Boothferry, Beverley, East Yorkshire, Holderness
Herefordshire April 1, 1998 Hereford, Malvern Hills (part), Leominster (part) South Herefordshire
Isle of Wight April 1, 1995 Medina, South Wight
Malvern Hills April 1, 1998 Malvern Hills (part) and Leominster (part)
Medway April 1, 1998 Rochester and Gillingham
North Lincolnshire April 1, 1996 Boothferry, Glanford, Scunthorpe
North East Lincolnshire April 1, 1996 Cleethorpes, Great Grimsby
South Gloucestershire April 1, 1996 Kingswood, Northavon

Renamings

Under section 74 of the Local Government Act 1972, the council of a district, county or London borough (or county borough in Wales) may unilaterally change its name, providing the resolution to do so gains two-thirds of the votes at a special meeting.

Several English districts have done this

Old nameNew nameDate
Beaconsfield South Bucks April 1, 1980
Blackburn Blackburn with Darwen May 2, 1997
Bracknell Bracknell Forest May 1988
East Dorset & Wimborne East Dorset before 1991
Huntingdon Huntingdonshire October 1, 1984
Langbaurgh Langbaurgh-on-Tees January 1, 1988
Langbaurgh-on-Tees Redcar and Cleveland April 1, 1996
Medway Towns Medway April 1, 1998
Newark Newark and Sherwood April 1, 1995
Newbury West Berkshire April 1, 1998
North Bedfordshire Bedford 1992
North Wolds East Yorkshire  ?
Nuneaton Nuneaton and Bedworth 1980
Thamesdown Swindon April 24, 1997
Tiverton Mid Devon 1978
West Derbyshire Derbyshire Dales before 1991
West Norfolk King's Lynn and West Norfolk 1981
Wimborne East Dorset & Wimborne before 1991
Woodspring North Somerset April 1, 1996
The Wrekin Telford and Wrekin April 1, 1998
Yeovil South Somerset before 1991

Additionally, one English county has been renamed. Shropshire was originally formally known as 'Salop'. Its name was changed effective April 1, 1980.

Trivia

See also

no:Distrikt (England)

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