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Evanston, Illinois

From Academic Kids

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"The Arch," the main entrance to the Evanston campus of Northwestern University

Evanston (elevation 600 ft., Central Time: UTC-0600, Template:Coor dms) is a city on Lake Michigan located in Cook County, Illinois directly north of Chicago, east of Skokie, and south of Wilmette. The city was first settled in 1836, and as of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 74,239.

After being chosen as the home for Northwestern University, the city was incorporated in 1863, and named after John Evans. During the 1960s Northwestern University changed the city's shoreline with a 74 acre (300,000 m²) lakefill.

Today, the city is home to Northwestern University and other educational institutions as well as headquarters of Rotary International, the National Lekotek Center and the Woman's Christian Temperance Union.

Famous Evanstonians include actors Charlton Heston, John Cusack, Joan Cusack, Alicia (Lecy) Goranson, Michael Madsen, Jeremy Piven, and William Petersen, comedian Ruby Wax, drama critic Walter Kerr, Hall of Fame baseball player Freddie Lindstrom, Hall of Fame football player Paddy Driscoll, inventors Laurens Hammond, news anchor Charles Gibson, newspaper columnist Drew Pearson, politicians Charles Gates Dawes and Jim Kolbe, Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, temperance advocate and suffragist Frances Willard, and musicians Michael Bard, Forrest Buchtel, Jr., David Burge, Jethro Burns, Frank Donaldson, Steve Goodman, Cecil Holden, Valerie LaMaar, Howard Levy, Junior Mance, Harvey Mandel, Paul Nebenzahl, Fred Simon, Bobby Short, Grace Slick, Mark Skyer, Mike Skyer, and Eddie Vedder.

Evanston is also the birthplace of tinkertoys and (allegedly) the ice cream sundae.

Evanston has a City Manager system of government and is divided into nine wards, each of which is represented by an Alderman, or member of the Evanston City Council. Its current mayor is Lorraine H. Morton. The city government has often had a shaky relationship with Northwestern University, which does not pay property taxes to the city. This is due to the founding charter of Northwestern University, signed in 1851, which granted the school a permanent exemption from paying property taxes.

The CTA's Purple Line runs through Evanston. The stops are Howard, South Blvd, Main, Dempster, Davis, Foster, Noyes and Central. Metra runs through Evanston as well, with stations at Main Street, Davis Street and Central Street. The Yellow Line also runs through the city, though it does not make any stops in Evanston.

Contents

Geography

Evanston is located at 42°2'47" North, 87°41'41" West (42.046380, -87.694608)Template:GR.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.1 km² (7.8 mi²). 20.1 km² (7.8 mi²) of it is land and 0.1 km² (0.04 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.26% water.

In August 2004 there was some confusion (http://abclocal.go.com/wls/news/083104_ns_skevanston.html) as to the size of Evanston. Evanston is often locally listed as being 8.4 mi², but this number appears to be incorrect. The 7.8 mi² listed by the United States Census Bureau is more accurate.

Education

Public schools

High school

All of Evanston (and part of the village of Skokie) is within the boundaries of Evanston Township High School District 202. The district has a single high school, Evanston Township High School (ETHS) with an enrollment of just over 3000, covering grades 9 through 12. The school's mascot is the Wildkits (a diminutive of Northwestern's Wildcats) and the school's colors are orange and blue. ETHS's sister school is Kokusai Jouhou High School in Niigata, Japan. Their biggest rival is New Trier High School in Winnetka.

Primary schools

Evanston-Skokie Community Consolidated School District 65, covering all of Evanston and part of Skokie, provides primary education from pre-kindergarten through grade 8. The district has ten elementary schools (through fifth grade), three middle schools (grades 6 through 8), two magnet schools (K through 8) and three special schools or centers. Total district enrollment in 2004 was 6,622 students.

The region of Skokie served by Evanston schools is referred to colloquially as Skevanston.

Elementary schools

  • Dawes Elementary School
  • Dewey Elementary School
  • Kingsley Elementary School
  • Lincoln Elementary School
  • Lincolnwood Elementary School
  • Oakton Elementary School
  • Orrington Elementary School
  • Walker Elementary School
  • Washington Elementary School
  • Willard Elementary School
Middle schools
  • Chute Middle School
  • Haven Middle School
  • Nichols Middle School
Magnet schools
  • King Lab Magnet School
  • Timber Ridge Magnet School

Special schools and centers

  • Early Childhood Center
  • Park School
  • Daniel & Ada Rice Children's Center

Private and parochial schools

In addition to the highly regarded public schools, Evanston offers a variety of other educational choices. Roycemore School (640 Lincoln Street) is an independent coeducational college preparatory day school providing a liberal arts education to students from junior kindergarten through grade 12. Since the closing of St. George High School in 1969, there is no Catholic high school in Evanston, but many Evanston residents attend co-educational Loyola Academy in Wilmette, all-boys Notre Dame High School for Boys in Niles, all-girls St. Scholastica Academy in Chicago or Regina Dominican High School in Wilmette, and other area Catholic high schools.

There are also a variety of non-public primary schools in or near Evanston:

  • Baker Demonstration School (2840 Sheridan Road) - independent; grades pre-k through 8
  • Chiaravalle Montessori School (425 Dempster Street) - Montessori; grades pre-k through 8
  • Great Oaks School (8141 Kedvale Ave, Skokie) - a Waldorf School; grades pre-k through 7
  • Midwest Montessori School (2408 Orrington Avenue) - Montessori; grades pre-k through 3
  • Pope John XXIII (1120 Washington Street) - Catholic; grades pre-k through 8
  • St. Athanasius School (2510 Ashland Avenue) - Catholic; grades pre-k through 8

Demographics

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As of the censusTemplate:GR of 2000, there are 74,239 people, 29,651 households, and 15,952 families residing in the city. The population density is 3,698.6/km² (9,584.1/mi²). There are 30,817 housing units at an average density of 1,535.3/km² (3,978.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 65.23% White, 22.50% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 6.09% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 2.85% from other races, and 3.05% from two or more races. 6.11% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 29,651 households out of which 25.4% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.4% are married couples living together, 10.9% have a female householder with no husband present, and 46.2% are non-families. 36.3% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.0% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.27 and the average family size is 3.03.

In the city the population is spread out with 20.2% under the age of 18, 16.4% from 18 to 24, 32.0% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 10.8% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 32 years. For every 100 females there are 89.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 85.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $56,335, and the median income for a family is $78,886. Males have a median income of $51,726 versus $39,767 for females. The per capita income for the city is $33,645. 11.1% of the population and 5.1% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 8.3% of those under the age of 18 and 7.1% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Recent population trends

External links

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