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ISO 639

From Academic Kids

ISO 639 is one of several international standards that lists short codes for language names. ISO 639 consists of different parts, of which two parts are currently published. The other parts are works in progress.

There are two items for ISO 639:

  • ISO 639-1:2002 Codes for the representation of names of languages -- Part 1: Alpha-2 code
  • ISO 639-2:1998 Codes for the representation of names of languages -- Part 2: Alpha-3 code

In other words, there are two-letter codes and three-letter codes. Twenty-two of the languages have two three-letter codes. For these languages, the first three-letter code is for bibliographic use (ISO 639-2/B), and the second three-letter code is for terminological use (ISO 639-2/T).

The following parts are still being developed:

  • ISO 639-3:2006? Codes for the representation of names of languages -- Part 3: Alpha-3 code for comprehensive coverage of languages [1] (http://xml.coverpages.org/Nx74Clews-part3.pdf)
  • ISO 639-4:2007? Codes for the representation of names of languages -- Part 4: Implementation guidelines and general principles for language coding
  • ISO 639-5:2006? Codes for the representation of names of languages -- Part 5: Alpha-3 code for language families and groups

ISO 639-2

Two codes for special situations (mul<code>, "multiple languages", and <code>und, "undetermined language") are defined in the standard. Additionally a code for Miscellaneous languages (mis) is defined.

The following incomplete list is sorted by language name in the third column.

Contents

0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Top of pageSee alsoExternal links


A

Alpha-3Alpha-2Language name
abkabAbkhazian
ace Achinese
ach Acoli
ada Adangme
ady Adyghe; Adygei
aaraaAfar
afh Afrihili
afrafAfrikaans
afa Afro-Asiatic (Other)
akaakAkan
akk Akkadian
alb/sqisqAlbanian
ale Aleut
alg Algonquian languages
tut Altaic (Other)
amhamAmharic
apa Apache languages
araarArabic
arganAragonese
arc Aramaic
arp Arapaho
arn Araucanian
arw Arawak
arm/hyehyArmenian
art Artificial (Other)
asmasAssamese
ast Asturian; Bable
ath Athapascan languages
aus Australian languages
map Austronesian (Other)
avaavAvaric
aveaeAvestan
awa Awadhi
aymayAymara
azeazAzerbaijani

B

Alpha-3Alpha-2Language name
ban Balinese
bat Baltic (Other)
bal Baluchi
bambmBambara
bai Bamileke languages
bad Banda
bnt Bantu (Other)
bdf/bntbyBanyumasan
bas Basa
bakbaBashkir
baq/euseuBasque
btk Batak (Indonesia)
bej Beja
belbeBelarusian
bem Bemba
benbnBengali
ber Berber (Other)
bho Bhojpuri
bihbhBihari
bik Bikol
bin Bini
bisbiBislama
byn Blin; Bilin
bosbsBosnian
bra Braj
brebrBreton
bug Buginese
bulbgBulgarian
bua Buriat
bur/myamyBurmese

C

Alpha-3Alpha-2Language name
cad Caddo
car Carib
catcaCatalan; Valencian
cau Caucasian (Other)
ceb Cebuano
cel Celtic (Other)
cai Central American Indian (Other)
chg Chagatai
cmc Chamic languages
chachChamorro
checeChechen
chr Cherokee
chy Cheyenne
chb Chibcha
nyanyChichewa; Chewa; Nyanja
chi/zhozhChinese
chn Chinook jargon
chp Chipewyan
cho Choctaw
chucuChurch Slavonic; Church Slavic; Old Church Slavonic; Old Slavonic; Old Bulgarian
chk Chuukese
chvcvChuvash
nwc Classical Newari; Old Newari; Classical Nepal Bhasa
cop Coptic
corkwCornish
coscoCorsican
crecrCree
mus Creek
crp Creoles and Pidgins (Other)
cpe Creoles and Pidgins, English-based (Other)
cpf Creoles and Pidgins, French-based (Other)
cpp Creoles and Pidgins, Portuguese-based (Other)
crh Crimean Tatar; Crimean Turkish
scr/hrvhrCroatian
cus Cushitic (Other)
cze/cescsCzech

D

Alpha-3Alpha-2Language name
dak Dakota
dandaDanish
dar Dargwa
day Dayak
del Delaware
din Dinka
divdvDivehi
doi Dogri
dgr Dogrib
dra Dravidian (Other)
dua Duala
dut/nldnlDutch; Flemish
dum Dutch, Middle (ca. 1050-1350)
dyu Dyula
dzodzDzongkha

E

Alpha-3Alpha-2Language name
efi Efik
egy Egyptian (Ancient)
eka Ekajuk
elx Elamite
engenEnglish
enm English, Middle (ca. 1100-1500)
ang English, Old (ca. 450-1100)
myv Erzya
epoeoEsperanto
estetEstonian
eweeeEwe
ewo Ewondo

F

Alpha-3Alpha-2Language name
fan Fang
fat Fanti
faofoFaroese
fijfjFijian
fil Filipino
finfiFinnish
fiu Finno-Ugrian (Other)
fon Fon
fre/frafrFrench
frm French, Middle (ca. 1400-1600)
fro French, Old (842-ca. 1400)
fryfyFrisian
fur Friulian
fulffFulah

G

Alpha-3Alpha-2Language name
gaa Ga
glggl Gallegan; Galician
luglgGanda
gay Gayo
gba Gbaya
gez Geez
geo/katkaGeorgian
ger/deudeGerman
nds German, Low; Low German; Saxon, Low; Low Saxon
gmh German, Middle High (ca. 1050-1500)
goh German, Old High (ca. 750-1050)
gem Germanic (Other)
gil Gilbertese; Kiribati
gon Gondi
gor Gorontalo
got Gothic
grb Grebo
grc Greek, Ancient (to 1453)
gre/ellelGreek, Modern (1453-)
kalklGreenlandic; Kalaallisut
grngnGuarani
gujguGujarati
gwi Gwich´in

H

Alpha-3Alpha-2Language nameNative name
hai Haida
hathtHaitian Creole; HaitianKreyÚl ayisyen
hauhaHausaهَوُسَ
haw Hawaiian‘Ōlelo Hawai‘i
hebheHebrewעברית
herhzHerero
hil Hiligaynon
him Himachali
hinhiHindiहिन्दी
hmohoHiri Motu
hit Hittite
hmn Hmong
hunhuHungarianMagyar
hup Hupa

I

Alpha-3Alpha-2Language name
iba Iban
ice/islisIcelandic
idoioIdo
iboigIgbo
ijo Ijo
ilo Iloko
smn Inari Sami
inc Indic (Other)
ine Indo-European (Other)
indidIndonesian
inh Ingush
inaiaInterlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association)
ileieInterlingue
ikuiuInuktitut
ipkikInupiaq
ira Iranian (Other)
glegaIrish
mga Irish, Middle (900-1200)
sga Irish, Old (to 900)
iro Iroquoian languages
itaitItalian

J

Alpha-3Alpha-2Language name
jpnjaJapanese
javjvJavanese
jrb Judeo-Arabic
jpr Judeo-Persian

K

Alpha-3Alpha-2Language name
kbd Kabardian
kab Kabyle
kac Kachin
xal Kalmyk; Oirat
kam Kamba
kanknKannada
kaukrKanuri
krc Karachay-Balkar
kaa Kara-Kalpak
kar Karen
kasksKashmiri
csb Kashubian
kaw Kawi
kazkkKazakh
kha Khasi
khmkmKhmer
khi Khoisan (Other)
kho Khotanese
kikkiKikuyu; Gikuyu
kmb Kimbundu
kinrwKinyarwanda
kirkyKirghiz
tlh Klingon; tlhIngan-Hol
komkvKomi
konkgKongo
kok Konkani
korkoKorean
kos Kosraean
kpe Kpelle
kro Kru
kuakjKuanyama; Kwanyama
kum Kumyk
kurkuKurdish
kru Kurukh
kut Kutenai

L

Alpha-3Alpha-2Language name
lad Ladino
lah Lahnda
lam Lamba
laoloLao
latlaLatin
lavlvLatvian
lez Lezghian
limliLimburgish; Limburger; Limburgan
linlnLingala
litltLithuanian
jbo Lojban
dsb Lower Sorbian
loz Lozi
lubluLuba-Katanga
lua Luba-Lulua
lui Luiseno
smj Lule Sami
lun Lunda
luo Luo (Kenya and Tanzania)
lus Lushai
ltzlbLuxembourgish; Letzeburgesch

M

Alpha-3Alpha-2Language name
mac/mkdmkMacedonian
mad Madurese
mag Magahi
mai Maithili
mak Makasar
mlgmgMalagasy
may/msamsMalay
malmlMalayalam
mltmtMaltese
mnc Manchu
mdr Mandar
man Mandingo
mni Manipuri
mno Manobo languages
glvgvManx
mao/mrimiMaori
marmrMarathi
chm Mari
mahmhMarshallese
mwr Marwari
mas Masai
myn Mayan languages
men Mende
mic Mi'kmaq; Micmac
min Minangkabau
mwl Mirandese
mis Miscellaneous languages
moh Mohawk
mdf Moksha
molmoMoldavian
mkh Mon-Khmer (Other)
lol Mongo
monmnMongolian
mos Mossi
mul Multiple languages (several languages used)
mun Munda languages

N

Alpha-3Alpha-2Language name
nah Nahuatl
naunaNauru
navnvNavajo; Navaho
ndendNdebele, North
nblnrNdebele, South
ndongNdonga
nap Neapolitan
nepneNepali
new Newari; Nepal Bhasa
nia Nias
nic Niger-Kordofanian (Other)
ssa Nilo-Saharan (Other)
niu Niuean
nog Nogai
non Norse, Old
nai North American Indian (Other)
smeseNorthern Sami
nornoNorwegian
nobnbNorwegian BokmŚl; BokmŚl, Norwegian
nnonnNorwegian Nynorsk; Nynorsk, Norwegian
nub Nubian languages
nym Nyamwezi
nyn Nyankole
nyo Nyoro
nzi Nzima

O

Alpha-3Alpha-2Language name
ociocOccitan (post 1500); Provençal
ojiojOjibwa
oriorOriya
ormomOromo
osa Osage
ossosOssetian; Ossetic
oto Otomian languages

P

Alpha-3Alpha-2Language name
pal Pahlavi
pau Palauan
plipiPali
pam Pampanga; Kapampangan
pag Pangasinan
pap Papiamento
paa Papuan (Other)
per/fasfaPersian
peo Persian, Old (ca. 600-400 B.C.)
phi Philippine (Other)
phn Phoenician
pon Pohnpeian
polplPolish
porptPortuguese
pra Prakrit languages
pro Provençal, Old (to 1500)
panpaPunjabi; Panjabi
puspsPushto

Q

Alpha-3Alpha-2Language name
quequQuechua

R

Alpha-3Alpha-2Language name
rohrmRaeto-Romance
raj Rajasthani
rap Rapanui
rar Rarotongan
qaa-qtz Reserved for local use
roa Romance (Other)
rum/ronroRomanian
rom Romany
runrnRundi
rusruRussian

S

Alpha-3Alpha-2Language name
sal Salishan languages
sam Samaritan Aramaic
smi Sami languages (Other)
smosmSamoan
sad Sandawe
sagsgSango
sansaSanskrit
sat Santali
srdscSardinian
sas Sasak
sco Scots
glagdScottish Gaelic; Gaelic
sel Selkup
sem Semitic (Other)
scc/srpsrSerbian
srr Serer
shn Shan
snasnShona
iiiiiSichuan Yi
scn Sicilian
sid Sidamo
sgn Sign languages
bla Siksika
sndsdSindhi
sinsiSinhalese; Sinhala
sit Sino-Tibetan (Other)
sio Siouan languages
sms Skolt Sami
den Slave (Athapascan)
sla Slavic (Other)
slo/slkskSlovak
slvslSlovenian
sog Sogdian
somsoSomali
son Songhai
snk Soninke
wen Sorbian languages
nso Sotho, Northern; Pedi; Sepedi
sotstSotho, Southern
sai South American Indian (Other)
alt Southern Altai
sma Southern Sami
spaesSpanish; Castilian
suk Sukuma
sux Sumerian
sunsuSundanese
sus Susu
swaswSwahili
sswssSwati
swesvSwedish
syr Syriac

T

Alpha-3Alpha-2Language name
tgltlTagalog
tahtyTahitian
tai Tai (Other)
tgktgTajik
tmh Tamashek
tamtaTamil
tatttTatar
telteTelugu
ter Tereno
tet Tetum
thathThai
tib/bodboTibetan
tig Tigre
tirtiTigrinya
tem Timne
tiv Tiv
tli Tlingit
tpi Tok Pisin
tkl Tokelau
tog Tonga (Nyasa)
tontoTonga (Tonga Islands)
tsi Tsimshian
tsotsTsonga
tsntnTswana
tum Tumbuka
tup Tupi languages
turtrTurkish
ota Turkish, Ottoman (1500-1928)
tuktkTurkmen
tvl Tuvalu
tyv Tuvinian
twitwTwi

U

Alpha-3Alpha-2Language name
udm Udmurt
uga Ugaritic
uigugUighur; Uyghur
ukrukUkrainian
umb Umbundu
und Undetermined (language or languages cannot be identified)
hsb Upper Sorbian
urdurUrdu
uzbuzUzbek

V

Alpha-3Alpha-2Language name
vai Vai
venveVenda
vieviVietnamese
volvoVolapŁk
vot Votic

W

Alpha-3Alpha-2Language name
wak Wakashan languages
wal Walamo
wlnwaWalloon
war Waray
was Washo
wel/cymcyWelsh
wolwoWolof
wuu Wu Chinese (Shanghainese)

X

Alpha-3Alpha-2Language name
xhoxhXhosa

Y

Alpha-3Alpha-2Language name
sah Yakut
yao Yao
yap Yapese
yidyiYiddish
yoryoYoruba
ypk Yupik languages

Z

Alpha-3Alpha-2Language name
znd Zande
zap Zapotec
zen Zenaga
zhazaZhuang; Chuang
zulzuZulu
zun Zuni
Contents: top - 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

See also

External links

bg:ISO 639 ca:ISO639 cy:ISO 639 da:ISO 639 de:ISO 639 el:ISO 639 es:ISO 639-1 eo:ISO 639 fr:ISO 639 ko:ISO 639 ia:ISO 639 it:ISO 639 la:ISO 639 nl:ISO 639 ja:ISO 639 pl:ISO 639 pt:ISO 639 ru:ISO 639 sl:ISO 639 fi:ISO 639 sv:ISO 639 tt:ISO 639 th:ISO 639 zh:ISO 639

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