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Monmouthshire

From Academic Kids

Monmouthshire principal area
Image:WalesMonmouthshire.png
Geography
Area
- Total
- % Water
Ranked 7th
850 km²
? %
Admin HQCwmbran
ISO 3166-2GB-MON
ONS code00PP
Demographics
Population
- Total (April 29, 2001)
- Density
Ranked 18th
84,885
100 / km²
Ethnicity97.5% White
Welsh language
- Any skills
Ranked 22nd
12.9%
Politics
Monmouthshire Council
http://www.monmouthshire.gov.uk/
ControlConservative Party
MPsDavid Davies
Jessica Morden

Template:Infobox Wales traditional county

Monmouthshire (Welsh: Sir Fynwy) is a traditional county and principal area in south-east Wales.

Contents

The traditional county

The traditional county of Monmouthshire includes Newport, and borders Gloucestershire to the east, Herefordshire to the northeast, Brecknockshire to the north, and Glamorgan to the west. The county also includes the exclave of Welsh Bicknor, locally situate a short distance east of Monmouthshire's eastern border, sandwiched between the borders of Gloucestershire and Herefordshire. For administrative purposes this has been part of Herefordshire since 1844.

The chief rivers are the Wye (much of which forms the border with Gloucestershire), the Usk and the Rhymney (which forms the border with Glamorgan). The county has a diverse industrial base including agriculture, electronics, engineering, tourism and service industries.

The principal area

The current administrative area was created in 1996 and covers the eastern half of the traditional county - namely the following towns:

It was formed on April 1, 1996 as a successor to the previous district of Monmouth along with a small part of the former Blaenau Gwent district.

History

Monmouthshire's Welsh status was ambiguous until the 1960s. Previously the legal formula had been to refer to 'Wales and Monmouthshire'. In popular usage it had been considered part of Wales for many centuries. The ambiguity surrounding its status arose from its not being mentioned in the second 'Act of Union' between England and Wales in the 16th century. The 1911 Encyclopędia Britannica unambigiously described the county as part of England, but notes that 'whenever an act [...] is intended to apply to [Wales] alone, then Wales is always coupled with Monmouthshire'.

However, this is, to some extent, a legal fiction. The 'Act of Union' (strictly the 'Statute of Wales') made the whole of Wales a part of England and so it did not define Monmouthshire as being different to the other twelve Welsh counties. The question of Monmouthshire's status continued to be a matter of discussion, especially as Welsh nationalism and devolution climbed the political agenda in the 20th century: none the less, in the rare event that an Act of Parliament was restricted to Wales, Monmouthshire was always included, and the creation of the Welsh Office in 1964 explicitly included Monmouthshire. For administrative reasons, the question was clarified in law by an Order in Council of 1968 and further clarified by the Local Government Act 1972.

External links



United Kingdom | Wales | Principal areas of Wales Flag of Wales

Anglesey | Blaenau Gwent | Bridgend | Caerphilly | Cardiff | Carmarthenshire | Ceredigion | Conwy | Denbighshire | Flintshire | Gwynedd | Merthyr Tydfil | Monmouthshire | Neath Port Talbot | Newport | Pembrokeshire | Powys | Rhondda Cynon Taff | Swansea | Torfaen | Vale of Glamorgan | Wrexham

Template:Wales traditional countiescy:Sir Fynwy de:Monmouthshire no:Monmouthshire

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