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1948 Summer Olympics

From Academic Kids

The Games of the XIV Olympiad were held in 1948 in London, United Kingdom. After a hiatus of 12 years caused by the outbreak of World War II, these were the first Summer Olympics to be held since the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin.

Games of the XIV Olympiad
Nations participating59
Athletes participating4,099 (3,714 men, 385 women)
Events136 in 17 sports
Opening ceremoniesJuly 29, 1948
Closing ceremoniesAugust 14, 1948
Officially opened byHM King George VI
Athlete's OathDon Finlay
Judge's Oath:-
Olympic TorchJohn Mark
StadiumWembley Stadium
Contents

Highlights

  • With World War II in recent memory, Germany and Japan were not invited for the Games, although Italy was.
  • Fanny Blankers-Koen was the star of the Games, winning four gold medals on the track.
  • Ilona Elek (Hungary) and Jan Brzak (Czechoslovakia) successfully defended their Olympic titles they won 12 years prior.
  • In field hockey, India and Pakistan first participated as independent nations, and the homeland of the sport, Great Britain, played the triple Olympic champions from India for the first time - and lost.
  • For the first time, Olympic diplomas were awarded to the 6th highest placed athletes.
  • In a dramatic finish in the marathon, Belgian tienne Gailly entered the stadium first, but was so physically drained that he could barely walk around the track. Two men passed him before he finally crossed the line.
  • Duncan White of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) won the first medal for his country, a silver, in the 400 meter hurdles.

Medals awarded

See the medal winners, ordered by sport:

Medal count

Top medal-collecting nations:
(for the full table, see 1948 Summer Olympics medal count)

1948 Summer Olympics medal count
Pos Country Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 United States 38 27 19 84
2 Sweden 16 11 17 44
3 France 10 6 13 29
4 Hungary 10 5 12 27
5 Missing image
Flag_of_Italy.png


Italy
8 11 8 27
6 Missing image
Finland_flag_large.png


Finland
8 7 5 20
7 Turkey 6 4 2 12
8 Czechoslovakia 6 2 3 11
9 Missing image
Switzerland_flag_large.png


Switzerland
5 10 5 20
10 Denmark 5 7 8 20

See also

External links



Olympic Games
Summer Olympic Games
1896 | 1900 | 1904 | 1906¹ | 1908 | 1912 | (1916)² | 1920 | 1924 | 1928 | 1932 | 1936 | (1940)² | (1944)² | 1948 | 1952 | 1956 | 1960 | 1964 | 1968 | 1972 | 1976 | 1980 | 1984 | 1988 | 1992 | 1996 | 2000 | 2004 | 2008 | 2012 | 2016 | 2020
Winter Olympic Games
1924 | 1928 | 1932 | 1936 | (1940)² | (1944)² | 1948 | 1952 | 1956 | 1960 | 1964 | 1968 | 1972 | 1976 | 1980 | 1984 | 1988 | 1992 | 1994 | 1998 | 2002 | 2006 | 2010 | 2014 | 2018
¹Not currently recognised as official by the IOC.     ²Cancelled due to war.
de:Olympische Sommerspiele 1948

et:1948. aasta suveolmpiamngud es:Juegos Olmpicos de 1948 fr:Jeux Olympiques d't de 1948 it:XIV Olimpiade nl:Olympische Zomerspelen 1948 ja:ロンドンオリンピック (1948年) no:Sommer-OL 1948 pl:Letnie Igrzyska Olimpijskie 1948 fi:1948 kesolympialaiset sv:Olympiska sommarspelen 1948

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