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1984 Summer Olympics

From Academic Kids

The Games of the XXIII Olympiad were held in 1984 in Los Angeles, United States. Los Angeles was selected on May 18 1978 on the 80th IOC session without voting, because it was the only city to bid to host the 1984 Summer Olympics.

In the wake of the American-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, most of the Eastern Bloc, including the Soviet Union, East Germany and Cuba, boycotted these Olympics (the USSR announced its intention not to participate on May 8, 1984). The boycott influenced a large number of events that were normally dominated by the absent countries.


Games of the XXIII Olympiad
Nations participating140
Athletes participating6,797 (5,230 men, 1,567 women)
Events221 in 23 sports
Opening ceremoniesJuly 28, 1984
Closing ceremoniesAugust 12, 1984
Officially opened byRonald Reagan
Athlete's OathEdwin Moses
Judge's OathSharon Weber
Olympic TorchRafer Johnson
StadiumLos Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Contents

Highlights

  • The organizers of the Los Angeles Olympics are able to produce a profit of over $ 200 million.
  • Though an Eastern Bloc country, Romania does not boycott and wins a national-record 53 medals.
  • Carl Lewis equals the performance of Jesse Owens of 1936 and wins four gold medals.
  • Nawal El Moutawakel of Morocco becomes the first female Olympic champion of an Islamic nation, and the first of her country in the 400 m hurdles.
  • A marathon for women is held for the first time at the Olympics, won by Joan Benoit. The event is also noted because of Swiss runner Gabi Andersen-Schiess, who - suffering from heat exhaustion - stumbles through the last lap, providing dramatic images.
  • Synchronized swimming and rhythmic gymnastics debut in Los Angeles as Olympic events, as does wind surfing.
  • Following the IOC agreement to designate the Republic of China (Taiwan) "Chinese Taipei", the People's Republic of China appears the Olympics as "China" and wins 15 gold medals. In weightlifting, athletes from the Chinese Taipei and China teams win medals at the same event.
  • Tennis and Baseball are included for the first time as demonstration sports.
  • Steffi Graf wins her first Olympic title.
  • Daley Thompson apparently misses a new world record in winning his second consecutive gold medal in the decathlon; the next year his score is retroactively raised to 8847, giving him the record.
  • Victor Davis sets a new world record in winning the gold medal in the 200-metre breaststroke in swimming.
  • Mary Lou Retton becomes the first gymnast outside Eastern Europe to win the gymnastics all-around competition.
  • John Williams composes the theme for the Olympiad, Olympic Fanfare and Theme. It goes on to win a Grammy Award for Williams and becomes the commonly known musical theme for the Olympic Games.

Medals awarded

See the medal winners, ordered by sport:

Medal count

Top medal-collecting nations:
(for the full table, see 1984 Summer Olympics medal count)

(host nation in bold.)


1984 Summer Olympics medal count
Pos Country Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 United States 83 61 30 174
2 Romania 20 16 17 53
3 West Germany (FRG) 17 19 23 59
4 Missing image
PRC_flag_large.png


China
15 8 9 32
5 Missing image
Flag_of_Italy.png


Italy
14 6 12 32
6 Canada 10 18 16 44
7 Missing image
Japan_flag_large.png


Japan
10 8 14 32
8 Missing image
Flag_of_New_Zealand.png


New Zealand
8 1 2 11
9 Missing image
Flag_of_SFR_Yugoslavia.png


Yugoslavia
7 4 7 18
10 South Korea 6 6 7 19

Nations

Articles about Los Angeles Summer Olympics by nation:

See also

External links


Olympic Games
Summer Olympic Games
1896 | 1900 | 1904 | 1906¹ | 1908 | 1912 | (1916)² | 1920 | 1924 | 1928 | 1932 | 1936 | (1940)² | (1944)² | 1948 | 1952 | 1956 | 1960 | 1964 | 1968 | 1972 | 1976 | 1980 | 1984 | 1988 | 1992 | 1996 | 2000 | 2004 | 2008 | 2012 | 2016 | 2020
Winter Olympic Games
1924 | 1928 | 1932 | 1936 | (1940)² | (1944)² | 1948 | 1952 | 1956 | 1960 | 1964 | 1968 | 1972 | 1976 | 1980 | 1984 | 1988 | 1992 | 1994 | 1998 | 2002 | 2006 | 2010 | 2014 | 2018
¹Not currently recognised as official by the IOC.     ²Cancelled due to war.
de:Olympische Sommerspiele 1984

fr:Jeux Olympiques d't de 1984 id:Olimpiade Los Angeles 1984 it:XXIV Olimpiade ja:ロサンゼルスオリンピック (1984年) nl:Olympische Zommerspelen 1984 pl:Letnie Igrzyska Olimpijskie 1984 sv:Olympiska sommarspelen 1984 zh-cn:1984年夏季奥林匹克运动会

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