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1988 Summer Olympics

From Academic Kids

The Games of the XXIV Olympiad were held in 1988 in Seoul, South Korea. The host was chosen in a 1981 vote, ahead of the Japanese city of Nagoya. South Korea's government became a democracy under the pressure of organising the Olympics.

After boycotts of the Olympics in 1976, 1980 and 1984, the Seoul Games were again boycotted, but this time only by four nations: North Korea, Cuba, Ethiopia and Nicaragua.

Template:Olympics infobox

Contents

Highlights

  • Canadian Ben Johnson wins the 100 m in a new World Record, but is then disqualified after he has been found guilty of doping.
  • Swimmer Kristin Otto of East Germany wins six gold medals. Other multi-medalists in the pool are Matt Biondi (five) and Janet Evans (3).
  • Anthony Nesty of Suriname wins his country's first Olympic medal by winning the 100 m butterfly, scoring an upset victory; he is also the first Black to win a swimming title.
  • Soviet Vladimir Artemov wins four gold medals in gymnastics, Daniela Silivas of Romania wins three.
  • US Sprinter Florence Griffith Joyner wins three gold medals and a silver on the track.
  • Christa Rothenburger becomes the first (and last) athlete to win Olympic medals at the Winter Olympics and Summer Olympics in the same year. She adds a cycling silver to the speed skating gold she won earlier in the year in Calgary.
  • US diver Greg Louganis wins back-to-back titles on both diving events, but only after hitting the springboard with his head in the 3-m event final.
  • Tennis returns to the Olympics after a 64-year absence. Steffi Graf adds to her four Grand Slam victories in the year by also winning the Olympic title.
  • Table tennis is introduced at the Olympics, with China and the host nation both winning two titles.
  • Two Bulgarian weightlifters are stripped of their gold medals after testing positive for doping. The Bulgarian weightlifting team withdraws after this event.
  • Baseball and Taekwondo are demo sports
  • Women's Judo
  • The last amateur US men's basketball team fails to win the gold, for only the third time in Olympic history.

Medals awarded

See the medal winners, ordered by sport:

Nations

Articles about Seoul Summer Olympics by nation:

Medal count

Top medal-collecting nations:
(for the full table, see 1988 Summer Olympics medal count)

(Host nation in bold.)

1988 Summer Olympics medal count
Pos Country Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Missing image
Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union.png


USSR
55 31 46 132
2 East Germany (GDR) 37 35 30 102
3 United States 36 31 27 94
4 South Korea 12 10 11 33
5 West Germany (FRG) 11 14 15 40
6 Hungary 11 6 6 23
7 Bulgaria 10 12 13 35
8 Romania 7 11 6 24
9 France 6 4 6 16
10 Missing image
Flag_of_Italy.png


Italy
6 4 4 14

See also

External links


Olympic Games
Summer Olympic Games
1896 | 1900 | 1904 | 1906¹ | 1908 | 1912 | (1916)² | 1920 | 1924 | 1928 | 1932 | 1936 | (1940)² | (1944)² | 1948 | 1952 | 1956 | 1960 | 1964 | 1968 | 1972 | 1976 | 1980 | 1984 | 1988 | 1992 | 1996 | 2000 | 2004 | 2008 | 2012 | 2016 | 2020
Winter Olympic Games
1924 | 1928 | 1932 | 1936 | (1940)² | (1944)² | 1948 | 1952 | 1956 | 1960 | 1964 | 1968 | 1972 | 1976 | 1980 | 1984 | 1988 | 1992 | 1994 | 1998 | 2002 | 2006 | 2010 | 2014 | 2018
¹Not currently recognised as official by the IOC.     ²Cancelled due to war.

de:Olympische Sommerspiele 1988 et:1988. aasta suveolmpiamngud es:Juegos Olmpicos de Sel 1988 fr:Jeux Olympiques d't de 1988 id:Olimpiade Seoul 1988 it:XXIV Olimpiade nl:Olympische Zomerspelen 1988 ja:ソウルオリンピック no:Sommer-OL 1988 pl:Letnie Igrzyska Olimpijskie 1988 fi:1988 kesolympialaiset sv:Olympiska sommarspelen 1988 zh:1988年夏季奥林匹克运动会

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