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1968 Summer Olympics

From Academic Kids

The Games of the XIX Olympiad were held in Mexico City in 1968. Mexico City beat out Detroit, Buenos Aires and Lyon to host the Games. The Games were immediately preceded by the Tlatelolco massacre, in which hundred of students were killed by Mexican security forces.

Games of the XIX Olympiad
Nations participating112
Athletes participating5,530 (4,750 men, 780 women)
Events172 in 20 sports
Opening ceremoniesOctober 12, 1968
Closing ceremoniesOctober 27, 1968
Officially opened byPresident Gustavo Daz Ordaz
Athlete's OathPablo Garrido
Judge's Oath:-
Olympic TorchNorma Enriqueta Basilio de Sotelo
StadiumEstadio Olmpico Universitario
Contents

Highlights

  • Because of the high altitude of Mexico City (2700 m), many endurance athletes have trouble coping with the thin air.
  • For the first time, athletes from East and West Germany take part in separate teams, after having competed in a combined team up to 1964.
  • US discus thrower Al Oerter, wins his fourth consecutive gold medal in the event to become only the second athlete to achieve this in an individual event.
  • Bob Beamon jumps 8.90 m in the long jump, a 55 cm improvement of the World Record that would stand until 1991. US athletes Jim Hines and Lee Evans also set long standing world records in the 100m and 400m, respectively.
  • In the triple jump, the previous world record was improved five times by three different athletes.
  • Dick Fosbury wins the gold medal in the high jump using the radical Fosbury flop technique, which quickly became the dominant technique in the event.
  • In the medal award ceremony, two African-American athletes Tommie Smith (gold) and John Carlos (bronze) raise their black-gloved fists as a symbol of Black Power. They are banned from the Olympic Games for life.
  • Czechoslovakian gymnast Věra Čslavsk wins the hearts of the Mexican crowd and four gold medals.
  • US swimmer Debbie Meyer became the first swimmer to win three individual gold medals, in the 200, 400 and 800 m freestyle events.
  • The introduction of doping tests results in the first disqualification because of doping: Swedish pentathlete Hans-Gunnar Liljenwall is disqualified for alcohol use.
  • John Stephen Akhwari of Tanzania became internationally famous after finishing the marathon in last place despite a dislocated knee.

Medals awarded

See the medal winners, ordered by sport:

Medal count

Top medal-collecting nations:
(for the full table, see 1968 Summer Olympics medal count)

(Host nation in bold.)

1968 Summer Olympics medal count
Pos Country Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 United States of America 452834107
2Missing image
Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union.png


USSR
29323091
3Missing image
Japan_flag_large.png


Japan
117725
4 Hungary 10101232
5 West Germany 99725
6 France 73515
7 Czechoslovakia 72413
8 East Germany 5111026
9 Australia 57517
10 Great Britain 55313

See also

External links


Olympic Games
Summer Olympic Games
1896 | 1900 | 1904 | 1906¹ | 1908 | 1912 | (1916)² | 1920 | 1924 | 1928 | 1932 | 1936 | (1940)² | (1944)² | 1948 | 1952 | 1956 | 1960 | 1964 | 1968 | 1972 | 1976 | 1980 | 1984 | 1988 | 1992 | 1996 | 2000 | 2004 | 2008 | 2012 | 2016 | 2020
Winter Olympic Games
1924 | 1928 | 1932 | 1936 | (1940)² | (1944)² | 1948 | 1952 | 1956 | 1960 | 1964 | 1968 | 1972 | 1976 | 1980 | 1984 | 1988 | 1992 | 1994 | 1998 | 2002 | 2006 | 2010 | 2014 | 2018
¹Not currently recognised as official by the IOC.     ²Cancelled due to war.
de:Olympische Sommerspiele 1968

et:1968. aasta suveolmpiamngud fr:Jeux Olympiques d't de 1968 it:XIX Olimpiade nl:Olympische Zomerspelen 1968 ja:メキシコシティオリンピック (1968年) no:Sommer-OL 1968 pl:Letnie Igrzyska Olimpijskie 1968 fi:1968 kesolympialaiset sv:Olympiska sommarspelen 1968

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