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1924 Winter Olympics

From Academic Kids

Originally called Semaine des Sports d'Hiver ("International Winter Sports Week") and held in association with the 1924 Summer Olympics, the sports competitions held at the foot of Mont Blanc in Chamonix, Haute-Savoie, France between 25 January and 5 February 1924, organised by the French Olympic Committee, were in retrospect designated by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) as the I Olympic Winter Games.

Ist Olympic Winter Games
Image:LocationChamonix.png
Host city Chamonix, France
Nations 16
Athletes 258
Events 16 in 9 sports
Opened January 25 1924
Closed February 5 1924
Opened by: Gaston Vidal
Olympic Oath: Camille Mandrillon
Contents

Highlights

Prologue

Although Figure Skating had been an Olympic event in both London and Antwerp, and Ice Hockey had been an event in Antwerp, the wintersports had always been rather limited by the season. In 1921, on the convention of the IOC in Lausanne, there was a call for equallity for wintersports, and after much discussion it is decided to organise an "international week of winter sport" in 1924 in Chamonix.

Day 2

The very first gold medal awarded in the Olympic Winter games was won by Charles Jewtraw, in the opening event, the 500 meter speedskating.

Day 4

Though she will not reach higher than the 8th and last place, when the ladies' figureskating event begins a Norwegian female athlete gets a lot of sympathy from the public, since she's barely eleven years old. Her name is Sonja Henie, and for the next three games she'll win the gold in this event.

Day 6

Finding himself in a unique situation, the figure skater Gilles Grafstrm is the first one ever to successfully defend his Summer Olympics title at the Winter Olympics.

Day 8

The Canadian ice-hockey team finished their qualifying round with 4 wins, and in had a total score of 104-2 against Switzerland, Czechoslowakia, Sweden, and Great Britain.

Day 10

Finding themselves in the same situation as Gilles Grafstrm, the Canadian ice-hockey team is the last ever to successfully defend its Summer Olympics title at the Winter Olympics.

Epilogue

At the closing of the games a prize was awarded for a sport that didn't lend itself very well for tournaments: Pierre de Coubertin presented a prize for alpinisme to Charles Bruce, the leader of the expedition that tried to climb Mount Everest in 1922.

In 1925, the IOC decided to organize Olympic Winter Games every four years, independent of the Olympic Games proper, and recognized the International Winter Sports Week as the first Olympic Winter games in retrospect.

In 1974 the final medal of Chamonix 1924 was presented. Anders Haugen, who until then had been recorded as finishing fourth in the Ski Jump, received a bronze medal. After fifty years an error had been discovered in the score of Thorleif Haug, winner of the bronze, which caused the two men to change places.

Medals awarded

Medals were awarded in 16 events, and 7 sports. Many sources do not list curling and the military patrol, or list them as demonstration events. However, no such designation was made in 1924, nor by the IOC at any time, and many Olympic historians now consider them to be full medal events.

Medal count

(Host nation in bold.)

1924 Winter Olympics medal count
Pos. Country Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Norway 4 7 7 18
2 Missing image
Finland_flag_large.png


Finland
4 4 3 11
3 Austria 2 1 0 3
4 Missing image
Switzerland_flag_large.png


Switzerland
2 0 1 3
5 United States 1 2 1 4
6 Great Britain 1 1 2 4
7 Sweden 1 1 0 2
8 Canada 1 0 0 1
9 France 0 0 3 3
10 Belgium 0 0 1 1

(The bronze medal in the ski-jump was counted for both countries.)

See also

External links


Olympic Games
Summer Olympic Games
1896 | 1900 | 1904 | 1906¹ | 1908 | 1912 | (1916)² | 1920 | 1924 | 1928 | 1932 | 1936 | (1940)² | (1944)² | 1948 | 1952 | 1956 | 1960 | 1964 | 1968 | 1972 | 1976 | 1980 | 1984 | 1988 | 1992 | 1996 | 2000 | 2004 | 2008 | 2012 | 2016 | 2020
Winter Olympic Games
1924 | 1928 | 1932 | 1936 | (1940)² | (1944)² | 1948 | 1952 | 1956 | 1960 | 1964 | 1968 | 1972 | 1976 | 1980 | 1984 | 1988 | 1992 | 1994 | 1998 | 2002 | 2006 | 2010 | 2014 | 2018
¹Not currently recognised as official by the IOC.     ²Cancelled due to war.
de:Olympische Winterspiele 1924

et:1924. aasta taliolmpiamngud fr:Jeux Olympiques d'hiver de 1924 it:I Olimpiade Invernale ja:シャモニーオリンピック (1924年) nl:Olympische Winterspelen 1924 no:Vinter-OL 1924 pl:Zimowe Igrzyska Olimpijskie 1924 fi:1924 talviolympialaiset sv:Olympiska vinterspelen 1924

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