List of food additives

The following is a list of food additives as organized by the Codex Alimentarius Committee. The International Numbering System numbers below (INS #) are assigned by the committee to allow each food additive to be uniquely identified.

In the European Union, approved food additives are written with a prefix of 'E'. Australia and New Zealand have their own set of approved additives, which are not written with a prefix letter. In the table below, food additives approved for Europe are listed with an E, see list of E number, and those approved for Australia and New Zealand with an A.

INS #  Approvals  Names Type

100 A E turmeric, curcumin colour (yellow and orange)
101 A E riboflavin, vitamin B2 colour (yellow and orange)
102 A E tartrazine colour (yellow and orange) (FDA: FD&C Yellow #5)
103 A alkanet colour (red)
104 A E Quinoline yellow colour (yellow and orange) (FDA: D&C Yellow #10)
107 E Yellow 2G colour (yellow and orange)
110 A E Sunset Yellow FCF colour (yellow and orange) (FDA: FD&C Yellow #6)
120 A E cochineal, carmines colour (red)
121 Citrus red 2 colour (red)
122 A E azorubine, carmoisine colour (red) (FDA: Ext D&C Red #10)
123 E amaranth colour (red) (FDA: [DELISTED] Red #2)
124 A E Brilliant Scarlet 4R, Ponceau 4R colour (FDA: Ext D&C Red #8)
125 Ponceau SX colour
127 E erythrosine colour (red) (FDA: FD&C Red #3)
128 E Red 2G colour
129 A E Allura red AC colour (FDA: FD&C Red #40)
131 E Patent blue V colour (blue)
132 A E indigo carmine, indigotine colour (blue) (FDA: FD&C Blue #2)
133 A E Brilliant blue FCF colour (FDA: FD&C Blue #1)
140 A E chlorophylls colour (green)
141 A E copper chlorophylls colour (green)
142 A E Green S colour (green)
143 A E Fast green FCF colour (FDA: FD&C Green #3)
150a A E caramel I - plain colour (brown and black)
150b A E caramel II - caustic sulfite process colour (brown and black)
150c A E caramel III - ammonia process colour (brown and black)
150d A E caramel IV - ammonia sulfite process colour (brown and black)
151 A E Brilliant Black BN colour (brown and black)
153 A E vegetable carbon, carbon black colour (brown and black)
154 E Brown FK colour (brown and black)
155 A E Chocolate Brown HT colour
160a A E carotenes colour
160b E annatto, bixin, norbixin colour
160c A E paprika extract, capsanthin colour
160d A E lycopene colour
160e A E beta-apo-8'-carotenal colour
160f A E beta-apo-8'-carotenic acid ester colour
161a A flavoxanthin colour
161b A E lutein colour
161c A kryptoxanthin colour
161d A rubixanthin colour
161e A violoxanthin colour
161f A rhodoxanthin colour
161g E canthaxanthin colour
162 A E beet red colour
163 A E anthocyanins colour
164 A Saffron, crocetin and crocin
170 E calcium carbonates colour, anticaking agent, stabiliser
171 A E titanium dioxide colour
172 A E iron oxides and hydroxides colour
173 E aluminium colour
174 E silver colour
175 E gold colour
180 E litholrubine, latolrubine colour
181 E tannins colour, emulsifier, stabiliser, thickener
182 orchil colour
200 E sorbic acid preservative
201 sodium sorbate preservative
202 E potassium sorbate preservative
203 E calcium sorbate preservative
209 heptyl p-hydroxybenzoate preservative
210 E benzoic acid preservative
211 A E sodium benzoate preservative
212 A E potassium benzoate preservative
213 A E calcium benzoate preservative
214 E ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate preservative
215 E sodium ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate preservative
216 A propylparaben preservative
217 propyl sodium ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate preservative
218 A E methylparaben preservative
219 E sodium methyl p-hydroxybenzoate preservative
220 A E sulfur dioxide preservative, antioxidant
221 A E sodium sulfite preservative, antioxidant
222 A E sodium hydrogen sulfite preservative, antioxidant
223 A E sodium metabisulfite preservative, antioxidant, bleaching agent
224 A E potassium metabisulfite preservative, antioxidant
225 A potassium sulfite preservative, antioxidant
226 E calcium sulfite preservative, antioxidant
227 E calcium bisulfite preservative, antioxidant
228 A E potassium bisulfite preservative, antioxidant
230 E biphenyl, diphenyl preservative
231 E orthophenyl phenol, 2-hydroxybiphenyl preservative
232 E sodium orthophenyl phenol preservative
233 thiabendazole preservative
234 A E nisin preservative
235 A E pimaricin, natamycin preservative
236 formic acid preservative
237 sodium formate preservative
238 calcium formate preservative
239 E hexamethylene tetramine, hexamine preservative
240 formaldehyde preservative
241 gum guaicum preservative
242 A E dimethyl dicarbonate preservative
249 A E potassium nitrite preservative, colour fixative
250 A E sodium nitrite preservative, colour fixative
251 A E sodium nitrate preservative, colour fixative
252 A potassium nitrate preservative, colour fixative
260 A E glacial acetic acid preservative, acidity regulator
261 A E potassium acetates preservative, acidity regulator
262 A E sodium acetates preservative, acidity regulator
263 A E calcium acetate preservative, acidity regulator
264 A ammmonium acetate preservative, acidity regulator
265 dehydroacetic acid preservative
266 sodium dehydroacetate preservative
270 A E lactic acid acidity regulator
280 A E propionic acid preservative
281 A E sodium propionate preservative
282 A E calcium propionate preservative
283 A E potassium propionate preservative
284 E boric acid preservative
285 E sodium tetraborate, borax preservative
290 A E carbon dioxide propellant
296 A E malic acid acidity regulator
297 A E fumaric acid acidity regulator
300 A E ascorbic acid antioxidant (water soluble)
301 A E sodium ascorbate antioxidant (water soluble)
302 A E calcium ascorbate antioxidant (water soluble)
303 A potassium ascorbate antioxidant (water soluble)
304 A E ascorbyl palmitate, ascorbyl stearate antioxidant (fat soluble)
306 A E tocopherol concentrate antioxidant
307 A E dl-alpha-tocopherol antioxidant
308 A E gamma-tocopherol antioxidant
309 A E delta-tocopherol antioxidant
310 A E propyl gallate antioxidant
311 A E octyl gallate antioxidant
312 A E dodecyl gallate antioxidant
315 A E erythorbic acid antioxidant
316 A E sodium erythorbate antioxidant
319 A tert-butylhydroquinone antioxidant
320 A E butylated hydroxyanisole, BHA antioxidant (fat soluble)
321 A E butylated hydroxytoluene, BHT antioxidant (fat soluble)
322 A E lecithins antioxidant, emulsifier
325 A E sodium lactate food acid
326 A E potassium lactate food acid
327 A E calcium lactate food acid
328 A ammonium lactate food acid
329 A magnesium lactate food acid
330 A E citric acid food acid
331 A E sodium citrates food acid
332 A E potassium citrates food acid
333 A E calcium citrate food acid
334 A E tartaric acid food acid
335 A E sodium tartrates food acid
336 A E potassium tartrates food acid
337 A E potassium sodium tartrate food acid
338 A E phosphoric acid food acid
339 A E sodium phosphates mineral salt
340 A E potassium phosphates mineral salt
341 A E calcium phosphates mineral salt
342 A ammonium phosphates mineral salt
343 A E magnesium phosphates mineral salt
349 A ammonium malate food acid
350 A E sodium malates food acid
351 A E potassium malate food acid
352 A E calcium malates food acid
353 A E metatartaric acid food acid
354 A E calcium tartrate food acid
355 A E adipic acid food acid
356 E sodium adipate food acid
357 A E potassium adipate food acid
363 E succinic acid food acid
365 A sodium fumarate food acid
366 A potassium fumarate food acid
367 A calcium fumarate food acid
368 A ammonium fumarate food acid
370 1,4-heptonolactone food acid
375 A niacin, (vitamin B3) colour retention agent
380 A E triammonium citrate food acid
381 A ferric ammonium citrate food acid
385 A E calcium disodium EDTA preservative
400 A E alginic acid thickener, vegetable gum
401 A E sodium alginate thickener, vegetable gum
402 A E potassium alginate thickener, vegetable gum
403 A E ammonium alginate thickener, vegetable gum
404 A E calcium alginate thickener, vegetable gum
405 A E propylene gloycol alginate thickener, vegetable gum
406 A E agar thickener, vegetable gum
407 A E carrageenan thickener, vegetable gum
407a A E processed eucheuma seaweed thickener, vegetable gum
409 A arabinogalactan thickener, vegetable gum
410 A E locust bean gum thickener, vegetable gum
412 A E guar gum thickener, vegetable gum
413 A E tragacanth thickener, vegetable gum
414 A E acacia, gum arabic thickener, vegetable gum
415 A E xanthan gum thickener, vegetable gum
416 A E karaya gum thickener, vegetable gum
417 E tara gum thickener, vegetable gum
418 A E gellan gum thickener, vegetable gum
420 A E sorbitol humectant
421 A E mannitol humectant
422 A E glycerin humectant
425 E konjac thickener, vegetable gum
431 E polyoxyethylene (40) stearate emulsifier
432 E polysorbate 20 emulsifier
433 A E polysorbate 80 emulsifier
434 E polysorbate 40 emulsifier
435 A E polysorbate 60 emulsifier
436 A E polysorbate 65 emulsifier
440 A E pectin vegetable gum
441 A E gelatine (not classified as an additive) gelling agent
442 A E ammonium phosphatides emulsifier
443 ? ? brominated vegetable oil emulsifier, stabiliser
444 A E sucrose acetate isobutyrate emulsifier, stabiliser
445 E glycerol esters of wood rosin emulsifier
450 A E diphosphates mineral salt
451 A E triphosphates mineral salt
452 A E polyphosphates mineral salt
459 E beta-cyclodextrine
460 A E powdered cellulose anti-caking agent
461 A E methylcellulose thickener, vegetable gum
463 E hydroxypropyl cellulose thickener, vegetable gum
464 A E hydroxypropyl methylcellulose thickener, vegetable gum
465 A E methyl ethyl cellulose thickener, vegetable gum
466 A E sodium carboxymethylcellulose thickener, vegetable gum
470 A magnesium stearate emulsifier, stabiliser
470 E salts of fatty acids emulsifier, stabiliser
471 A E mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids emulsifier
472a A E acetic acid esters of 471 emulsifier
472b A E lactic acid esters of 471 emulsifier
472c A E citric acid esters of 471 emulsifier
472d A E tartaric acid esters of 471 emulsifier
472e A E diacetyltartaric acid esters of 471 emulsifier
472f E mixed acetic and tartaric acid esters of 471 emulsifier
473 A E sucrose esters of fatty acids emulsifier
474 E sucroglycerides emulsifier
475 A E polyglycerol esters of fatty acids emulsifier
476 A E polyglycerol polyricinoleate emulsifier
477 A E propylene glycol esters of fatty acids emulsifier
479b E thermally oxidised soya bean oil emulsifier
480 A dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate emulsifier
481 A E sodium stearoyl lactylate emulsifier
482 A E calcium stearoyl lactylate emulsifier
483 E stearyl tartarate emulsifier
491 A E sorbitan monostearate emulsifier
492 A E sorbitan tristearate emulsifier
493 sorbitan monolaurate emulsifier
494 E sorbitan monooleate emulsifier
495 E sorbitan monopalmitate emulsifier
500 A E sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate mineral salt
501 A E potassium carbonate, potassium bicarbonate mineral salt
503 A E ammonium carbonate, ammonium bicarbonate mineral salt
504 A E magnesium carbonate anti-caking agent, mineral salt
507 A E hydrochloric acid acidity regulator
508 A E potassium chloride mineral salt
509 A E calcium chloride mineral salt
510 A ammonium chloride mineral salt
511 A E magnesium chloride mineral salt
512 A E stannous chloride colour retention agent
513 E sulfuric acid acidity regulator
514 A E sodium sulfate mineral salt
515 A E potassium sulfate mineral salt
516 A E calcium sulfate flour treatment agent, mineral salt
517 E ammonium sulfate mineral salt
518 A magneisum sulfate mineral salt
519 A cupric sulfate mineral salt
520 E aluminium sulfate mineral salt
521 E aluminium sodium sulfate mineral salt
522 E aluminium potassium sulfate mineral salt
523 E aluminium ammonium sulfate mineral salt
524 E sodium hydroxide mineral salt
525 E potassium hydroxide mineral salt
526 A E calcium hydroxide mineral salt
527 E ammonium hydroxide mineral salt
528 E magnesium hydroxide mineral salt
529 A E calcium oxide mineral salt
530 E magnesium oxide anti-caking agent
535 A E sodium ferrocyanide anti-caking agent
536 A E potassium ferrocyanide anti-caking agent
538 E calcium ferrocyanide anti-caking agent
540 dicalcium diphosphate anti-caking agent
541 A E sodium aluminium phosphate acidity regulator, emulsifier
542 A bone phosphate anti-caking agent
544 calcium polyphosphates anti-caking agent
545 ammonium polyphosphates anti-caking agent
551 A E silicon dioxide anti-caking agent
552 A E calcium silicate anti-caking agent
553a E magnesium silicate anti-caking agent
553b A E talc anti-caking agent
554 A E sodium aluminium silicate anti-caking agent
555 E potassium aluminium silicate anti-caking agent
556 A E calcium aluminium silicate anti-caking agent
558 A E bentonite anti-caking agent
559 A E kaolin, aluminium silicate anti-caking agent
570 A E stearic acid anti-caking agent
575 A E glucono-delta-lactone acidity regulator
576 E sodium gluconate stabiliser
577 A E potassium gluconate stabiliser
578 A E calcium gluconate acidity regulator
579 A E ferrous gluconate colour retention agent
585 E ferrous lactate
620 A E glutamic acid flavour enhancer
621 A E monosodium glutamate (MSG) flavour enhancer
622 A E monopotassium glutamate flavour enhancer
623 A E calcium diglutamate flavour enhancer
624 A E monoammonium glutamate flavour enhancer
625 A E magnesium diglutamate flavour enhancer
626 guanylic acid flavour enhancer
627 A E disodium guanylate flavour enhancer
628 E dipotassium guanylate flavour enhancer
629 E calcium guanylate flavour enhancer
630 E inosinic acid flavour enhancer
631 A E disodium inosinate flavour enhancer
632 E dipotassium inosinate flavour enhancer
633 E calcium inosinate flavour enhancer
634 E calcium 5'-ribonucleotides flavour enhancer
635 A E disodium 5'-ribonucleotides flavour enhancer
636 A maltol flavour enhancer
637 A ethyl maltol flavour enhancer
640 A E glycine flavour enhancer
641 A leucine flavour enhancer
650 E zinc acetate flavour enhancer
900 A E dimethylpolysiloxane emulsifier, anti-caking agent
901 A E beeswax glazing agent
902 E candelilla wax glazing agent
903 A E carnauba wax glazing agent
904 A E shellac glazing agent
905 A E paraffins glazing agent
907 refined microcrystalline wax glazing agent
912 E montanic acid esters humectant
914 A E oxidised polyethylene wax humectant
920 A E L-cysteine flour treatment agent
924 potassium bromate flour treatment agent
925 A chlorine flour treatment agent
926 A chlorine dioxide flour treatment agent
927b E carbamide flour treatment agent
928 A benzoyl peroxide flour treatment agent
938 E argon propellant
939 E helium propellant
941 A E nitrogen propellant
942 A E nitrous oxide propellant
943a E butane propellant
943b E isobutane propellant
950 A E Acesulfame potassium artificial sweetener
951 A E aspartame artificial sweetener
952 A E cyclamic acid, cyclamates artificial sweetener
953 A E isomalt humectant
954 A E saccharin artificial sweetener
955 A sucralose artificial sweetener
956 A alitame artificial sweetener
957 A E thaumatin flavour enhancer, artificial sweetener
959 E neohesperidin dihydrochalcone artificial sweetener
965 A E maltitol humectant, stabiliser
966 A E lactitol humectant
967 A E xylitol humectant, stabiliser
999 E quillaia extract humectant
1001 A choline salts and esters emulsifier
1100 A amylases flour treatment agent
1102 A glucose oxidase antioxidant
1103 E invertase ?
1104 A lipases flavour enhancer
1105 A E lysozyme preservative
1200 A E polydextrose humectant
1201 A E poly vinyl pyrrolidone mineral salt
1202 A E polyvinylpolypyrrolidone colour stabiliser
1400 A dextrin roasted starch thickener, vegetable gum
1401 A acid treated starch thickener, vegetable gum
1402 A alkaline treated starch thickener, vegetable gum
1403 A bleached starch thickener, vegetable gum
1404 A E oxidised starch thickener, vegetable gum
1405 A enzyme treated starch thickener, vegetable gum
1410 A E monostarch phosphate thickener, vegetable gum
1412 A E distarch phosphate thickener, vegetable gum
1413 A E phosphated distarch phosphate thickener, vegetable gum
1414 A E acetylated distarch phosphate thickener, vegetable gum
1420 A E acetylated starch thickener, vegetable gum
1422 A E acetylated distarch adipate thickener, vegetable gum
1440 A E hydroxypropyl starch thickener, vegetable gum
1442 A E hydroxypropyl distarch phosphate thickener, vegetable gum
1450 A E starch sodium octenylsuccinate thickener, vegetable gum
1451 E acetylated oxidised starch thickener, vegetable gum
1505 A E triethyl citrate thickener, vegetable gum
1510 ethanol (not classified as an additive) alcohol
1518 A E triacetin humectant
1520 A E propylene glycol humectant
1521 A polyethylene glycol 8000 antifoaming agent

See also


nl:Lijst van E-nummers


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