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List of popes

From Academic Kids

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Popes buried in St. Peter's

This is a list of Popes of the Roman Catholic Church.

While the term "Pope" (Latin: papa "father'") is used in several churches to denote their high spiritual leaders, this title in English usage generally refers to the supreme head of the Roman Catholic Church. The title itself has been used officially by the head of the Roman Catholic Church since the tenure of Pope Siricius, and there have been either 265 or 266 popes, depending on whether a source counts Stephen II.

The pope also bears the spiritual titles Bishop of Rome, Vicar of Jesus Christ, Successor of St. Peter, Prince of the Apostles, Supreme Pontiff of the Universal Church, Patriarch of the West, Primate of Italy, Archbishop and Metropolitan of the Roman Province and Servant of the Servants of God. Since 1929, the pope's temporal title has been Sovereign in the State of the Vatican City (the Holy See).

Contents

List of popes

until 249

Pontificate Common Name Regnal Name Personal Name Place of Birth Notes
32 to 67 Pope Peter
Saint Peter
Petrus, Head of the Church Simon Peter
שמעון בן יונה
(Shimon ben Yona)
Shimon Kipha
ΣΙΜΗΟΝ ΚΗΦΑΣ
(Simeon Kephas)
Betsaida, Galilea Disciple of Jesus from whom, according to Template:Bibleverse, he received the keys to the kingdom of heaven.
post42/ante57 to 64/67(?) Petrus, Episcopus Romanus Executed by crucifixion upside-down; feast day (SS Peter & Paul) 29 June, (Chair of Peter) 22 February
64/67(?) to 76/79(?) Pope Linus
Saint Linus
Linus, Episcopus Romanus   Tuscia (Northern Latium) Traditionally martyred (no evidence); Feast day 23 September
76/79(?) to 88 Pope Anacletus
Saint Anacletus
(Anencletus)
Saint Anacletus
Cletus, Episcopus Romanus   Probably Greece Martyred; feast day 26 April
88/92 to 97/101 Pope Clement I
Saint Clement
Clemens, Episcopus Romanus   Rome Martyred; feast day 23 November
97/99 to 105/107 Pope Evaristus
(Aristus)
Saint Evaristus
Evaristus, Episcopus Romanus     Traditionally martyred (no evidence); feast day 26 October
105/107 to 115/116 Pope Alexander I
Saint Alexander
Alexander, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
115/116 to 125 Pope Sixtus I
Saint Sixtus
Xystus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome or Greece  
125 to 136/138 Pope Telesphorus
Saint Telesphorus
Telesphorus, Episcopus Romanus   Greece  
136/138 to 140/142 Pope Hyginus
Saint Hyginus
Hyginus, Episcopus Romanus   Greece Traditionally martyred (no evidence); feast day 11 January
140/142 to 155 Pope Pius I
Saint Pius
Pius, Episcopus Romanus   Aquileia, Friuli, Italy Martyred by sword; feast day 11 July
155 to 166 Pope Anicetus
Saint Anicetus
Anicetus, Episcopus Romanus   Emesa, Syria Traditionally martyred (no evidence); feast day 17 April
c.166 to 174/175 Pope Soter
Saint Soter
Soterius, Episcopus Romanus   Fondi, Latium, Italy Traditionally martyred; feast day 22 April
174/175 to 189 Pope Eleuterus
Saint Eleutherus
Eleutherius, Episcopus Romanus   Nicopoli, Epyrus (actually Albania) Traditionally martyred; feast day 6 May
189 to 198/199 Pope Victor I
Saint Victor
Victor, Episcopus Romanus   Northern Africa  
199 to 217 Pope Zephyrinus
Saint Zephyrin
Zephyrinus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
c.217 to 222/223 Pope Calixtus I
Saint Calixtus
Callistus, Episcopus Romanus     Martyred; feast day 14 October
222/223 to 230 Pope Urban I
Saint Urban
Urbanus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
21 July 230 to 28 September 235 Pope Pontian
Saint Pontian
Pontianus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
235 to 3 January 236 Pope Anterus
Saint Anterus
Anterus, Episcopus Romanus   Greece  
10 January 236 to 20 January 250 Pope Fabian
Saint Fabian
Fabianus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  

From 250

Pontificate Common Name Regnal Name Personal Name Place of Birth Notes
March/April 251 to June 253 Pope Cornelius
Saint Cornelius
Cornelius, Episcopus Romanus     Died a martyr, through extreme hardship; feast day 16 September
25 June 253 to 5 March 254 Pope Lucius I
Saint Lucius
Lucius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome Feast day 4 March
12 May 254 to 2 August 257 Pope Stephen I
Saint Stephen
Stephanus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome Martyred by beheading; feast day 2 August
30/31 August 257 to 6 August 258 Pope Sixtus II
Saint Syxtus II
Xystus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus   Greece Martyred by beheading
22 July 259 to 26 December 268 Pope Dionysius
Saint Dionysius
Dionysius, Episcopus Romanus   Greece Feast day 26 December
5 January 269 to 30 December 274 Pope Felix I
Saint Felix
Felix, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
4 January 275 to December 283 Pope Eutychian
Saint Eutychian
Eutychianus, Episcopus Romanus      
17 December 283 to 22 April 296 Pope Caius
Saint Caius
Caius, Episcopus Romanus      
296 to 304 Pope Marcellinus
Saint Marcellinus
Marcellinus, Episcopus Romanus      
308 to 309 Pope Marcellus I
Saint Marcellus
Marcellus, Episcopus Romanus      
c.309 to c.310 Pope Eusebius
Saint Eusebius
Eusebius, Episcopus Romanus      
2 July 311 to 11 January 314 Pope Miltiades
Melchiades
Saint Miltiades
Miltiades, Episcopus Romanus   Africa  
31 January 314 to 31 December 335 Pope Silvester I
Saint Silvester
Silvester, Episcopus Romanus      
18 January 336 to 7 October 336 Pope Marcus
Saint Mark
Marcus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome Feast day 7 October
6 February 337 to 12 April 352 Pope Julius I
Saint Julius
Iulius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
17 May 352 to 24 September 366 Pope Liberius Liberius, Episcopus Romanus      
1 October 366 to 11 December 384 Pope Damasus I
Saint Damasus
Damasus, Episcopus Romanus   Guimar㥳  
11 December 384 to 26 November 399 Pope Siricius
Saint Siricius
Papa Siricius, Episcopus Romanus      
27 November 399 to 19 December 401 Pope Anastasius I
Saint Anastasius
Papa Anastasius, Episcopus Romanus      
22 December 401 to 12 March 417 Pope Innocent I
Saint Innocent
Papa Innocentius, Episcopus Romanus      
18 March 417 to 26 December 418 Pope Zosimus
Saint Zosimus
Papa Zosimus, Episcopus Romanus      
28/29 December 418 to 4 September 422 Pope Boniface I
Saint Boniface
Papa Bonifacius, Episcopus Romanus      
10 September 422 to 27 July 432 Pope Celestine I
Saint Celestine
Papa Caelestinus, Episcopus Romanus      
31 July 432 to March/August 440 Pope Sixtus III
Saint Syxtus
Papa Xystus Tertius, Episcopus Romanus      
29 September 440 to 10 November 461 Pope Leo I the Great
Saint Leo
Papa Leo Magnus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
19 November 461 to 29 February 468 Pope Hilarius
Saint Hilarius
Papa Hilarius, Episcopus Romanus      
3 March 468 to 10 March 483 Pope Simplicius
Saint Simplicius
Papa Simplicius, Episcopus Romanus   Tivoli, Italy  
13 March 483 to 1 March 492 Pope Felix III
(Felix II)
Saint Felix
Papa Felix Tertius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
1 March 492 to 21 November 496 Pope Gelasius I Papa Gelasius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
24 November 496 to 19 November 498 Pope Anastasius II Papa Anastasius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus      
22 November 498 to 19 July 514 Pope Symmachus
Saint Symmachus
Papa Symmachus, Episcopus Romanus   Sardinia  

From 500

Pontificate Common Name Regnal Name Personal Name Place of Birth Notes
20 July 514 to 19 July 523 Pope Hormisdas
Saint Hormisdas
Papa Hormisdus, Episcopus Romanus   Frosinone, Southern Latium, Italy Father of Pope Silverius
13 August 523 to 18 May 526 Pope John I
Saint John
Papa Ioannes, Episcopus Romanus   Tuscany  
13 July 526 to 22 September 530 Pope Felix IV
(Felix III)
Saint Felix
Papa Felix Quartus, Episcopus Romanus   Samnium  
22 September 530 to 17 October 532 Pope Boniface II Papa Bonifacius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome to Ostrogoth parents  
2 January 533 to 8 May 535 Pope John II Papa Ioannes Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Mercurius Rome  
13 May 535 to 22 April 536 Pope Agapetus I
Agapitus
Saint Agapetus
Papa Agapetus, Episcopus Romanus     Feast days 22 April, 20 September
1 June 536 to 11 November 537 Pope Silverius
Saint Silverius
Papa Silverius, Episcopus Romanus     Exiled; feast day 20 June, son of Pope Hormisdas
29 March 537 to 7 June 555 Pope Vigilius Papa Vigilius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
16 April 556 to 4 March 561 Pope Pelagius I Papa Pelagius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
17 July 561 to 13 July 574 Pope John III Papa Ioannes Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Catelinus    
2 June 575 to 30 July 579 Pope Benedict I Papa Benedictus, Episcopus Romanus      
26 November 579 to 7 February 590 Pope Pelagius II Papa Pelagius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
3 September 590 to 12 March 604 Pope Gregory I
Saint Gregory
Gregory the Great
Papa Gregorius Magnus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
13 September 604 to 22 February 606 Pope Sabinianus
Saint Sabinianus
Papa Sabinianus, Episcopus Romanus   Blera  
19 February 607 to 12 November 607 Pope Boniface III Papa Bonifacius Tertius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
25 August 608 to 8 May 615 Pope Boniface IV
Saint Boniface
Papa Bonifacius Quartus, Episcopus Romanus   Marsi  
19 October 615 to 8 November 618 Pope Deusdedit
(Adeodatus)
Papa Deusdedit, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
23 December 619 to 25 October 625 Pope Boniface V Papa Bonifacius Quintus, Episcopus Romanus   Naples  
27 October 625 to 12 October 638 Pope Honorius I Papa Honorius, Episcopus Romanus      
October 638 to 2 August 640 Pope Severinus Papa Severinus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
24 December 640 to 12 October 642 Pope John IV Papa Ioannes Quartus, Episcopus Romanus   Dalmatia  
24 November 642 to 14 May 649 Pope Theodore I Papa Theodorus, Episcopus Romanus   Palestine  
July 649 to 16 September 655 Pope Martin I
Saint Martin
Papa Martinus, Episcopus Romanus     Feast Day 12 November
10 August 654 to 2 June 657 Pope Eugene I
Saint Eugene
Papa Eugenius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
30 July 657 to 27 January 672 Pope Vitalian
Saint Vitalian
Papa Vitalianus, Episcopus Romanus      
11 April 672 to 17 June 676 Pope Deusdedit II
(Adeodatus)
Papa Deusdetit Secundus, Episcopus Romanus      
2 November 676 to 11 April 678 Pope Donus Papa Donus, Episcopus Romanus      
27 June 678 to 10 January 681 Pope Agatho
Saint Agatho
Papa Agatho, Episcopus Romanus   Sicily  
December 681 to 3 July 683 Pope Leo II
Saint Leo
Papa Leo Secundus, Episcopus Romanus   Sicily Feast day 3 July
683/26 June 684 to 8 May 685 Pope Benedict II
Saint Benedict
Papa Benedictus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus     Feast day 7 May
12 July 685 to 2 August 686 Pope John V Papa Ioannes Quintus, Episcopus Romanus   Syria  
21 October 686 to 22 September 687 Pope Conon Papa Conon, Episcopus Romanus      
15 December 687 to 8 September 701 Pope Sergius I
Saint Sergius
Papa Sergius, Episcopus Romanus   Sicily  
30 October 701 to 11 January 705 Pope John VI Papa Ioannes Sextus, Episcopus Romanus   Greece  
1 March 705 to 18 October 707 Pope John VII Papa Ioannes Septumus, Episcopus Romanus   Greece  
15 January 708 to 4 February 708 Pope Sisinnius Papa Sisinnius, Episcopus Romanus   Syria  
25 March 708 to 9 April 715 Pope Constantine Papa Constantinus, Episcopus Romanus   Syria  
19 May 715 to 11 February 731 Pope Gregory II
Saint Gregory
Papa Gregorius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus     Feast day 11 February
18 March 731 to 28 November 741 Pope Gregory III Papa Gregorius Tertius, Episcopus Romanus   Syria  
3 December 741 to 14 March/22 March 752 Pope Zacharias
Zachary
Saint Zacharias
Papa Zacharias, Episcopus Romanus   Greece Feast day 15 March

From 750

Pontificate Common Name Regnal Name Personal Name Place of Birth Notes
23 March 752 to 25 March 752 Pope Stephen II Papa Stephanus Secundus,     Not listed as part of the Vatican's official list of popes. Died three days after his election, prior to his consecration as bishop.
26 March 752 to 26 April 757 Pope Stephen III
(Stephen II)
Papa Stephanus Tertius, Episcopus Romanus      
29 May 757 to 28 June 767 Pope Paul I
Saint Paul
Papa Paulus, Episcopus Romanus      
1 August 767 to 24 January 772 Pope Stephen IV
(Stephen III)
Papa Stephanus Quartus, Episcopus Romanus   Sicily  
1 February 772 to 26 December 795 Pope Adrian I Papa Hadrianus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
26 December 795 to 12 June 816 Pope Leo III Papa Leo Tertius, Episcopus Romanus      
12 June 816 to 24 January 817 Pope Stephen V
(Stephen IV)
Papa Stephanus Quintus, Episcopus Romanus      
25 January 817 to 11 February 824 Pope Paschal I
Saint Paschal
Papa Paschalis, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
8 May 824 to August 827 Pope Eugene II Papa Eugenius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
August 827 to September 827 Pope Valentinus Papa Valentinus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
827 to January 844 Pope Gregory IV Papa Gregorius Quartus, Episcopus Romanus      
January 844 to 7 January 847 Pope Sergius II Papa Sergius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
January 847 to 17 July 855 Pope Leo IV
Saint Leo
Papa Leo Quartus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
855 to 7 April 858 Pope Benedict III Papa Benedictus Tertius, Episcopus Romanus      
24 April 858 to 13 November 867 Pope Nicholas I
Saint Nicholas
Papa Nicholaus Episcopus Romanus      
14 December 867 to 14 December 872 Pope Adrian II Papa Hadrianus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
14 December 872 to 16 December 882 Pope John VIII Papa Ioannes Octavus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
16 December 882 to 15 May 884 Pope Marinus I Papa Marinus, Episcopus Romanus      
17 May 884 to c.September 885 Pope Adrian III
Saint Adrian
Papa Hadrianus Tertius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
885 to 14 September 891 Pope Stephen VI
(Stephen V)
Papa Stephanus Sextus, Episcopus Romanus      
19 September 891 to 4 April 896 Pope Formosus Papa Formosus, Episcopus Romanus   Ostia Posthumously executed following the Cadaver Synod
4 April 896 to 19 April 896 Pope Boniface VI Papa Bonifacius Sextus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
22 May 896 to August 897 Pope Stephen VII
(Stephen VI)
Papa Stephanus Septimus, Episcopus Romanus      
August 897 to November 897 Pope Romanus Papa Romanus, Episcopus Romanus      
December 897 Pope Theodore II Papa Theodorus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus      
January 898 to January 900 Pope John IX Papa Ioannes Nonus, Episcopus Romanus      
900 to 903 Pope Benedict IV Papa Benedictus Quartus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
July 903 to September 903 Pope Leo V Papa Leo Quintus, Episcopus Romanus   Ardea  
29 January 904 to 14 April 911 Pope Sergius III Papa Sergius Tertius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome "Pornocracy" begins
April 911 to June 913 Pope Anastasius III Papa Anastasius Tertius, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
July/August 913 to February/March 914 Pope Lando Papa Lando, Episcopus Romanus   Sabina, Italy  
March 914 to May 928 Pope John X Papa Ioannes Decimus, Episcopus Romanus      
May 928 to December 928 Pope Leo VI Papa Leo Sextus, Episcopus Romanus      
December 928 to February 931 Pope Stephen VIII
(Stephen VII)
Papa Stephanus Octavus, Episcopus Romanus      
February/March 931 to December 935 Pope John XI Papa Ioannes Undecimus, Episcopus Romanus      
3 January 936 to 13 July 939 Pope Leo VII Papa Leo Septimus, Episcopus Romanus      
14 July 939 to October 942 Pope Stephen IX
(Stephen VIII)
Papa Stephanus Nonus, Episcopus Romanus      
30 October 942 to May 946 Pope Marinus II Papa Marinus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus      
10 May 946 to December 955 Pope Agapetus II Papa Agapetus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus      
16 December 955 to 14 May 964 Pope John XII Papa Ioannes Duodecimus, Episcopus Romanus Octavian   Murdered; end of the "Pornocracy"
4 December 963 to 1 March 964 Pope Leo VIII Papa Leo Octavus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome Deposed
May 964 to 965 Pope Benedict V Papa Benedictus Quintus, Episcopus Romanus     Deposed
965 to 1 March 965 Pope Leo VIII Papa Leo Octavus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome Restored
1 October 965 to 6 September 972 Pope John XIII Papa Ioannes Tertius Decimus, Episcopus Romanus      
19 January 973 to June 974 Pope Benedict VI Papa Benedictus Sextus, Episcopus Romanus     Deposed and murdered
October 974 to 10 July 983 Pope Benedict VII Papa Benedictus Septimus, Episcopus Romanus      
December 983 to 20 August 984 Pope John XIV Papa Ioannes Quartus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Pietro Campanora Pavia  
August 985 to March 996 Pope John XV Papa Ioannes Quintus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus   Rome  
3 May 996 to 18 February 999 Pope Gregory V Papa Gregorius Quintus, Episcopus Romanus Bruno of Carinthia   First German Pope
2 April 999 to 12 May 1003 Pope Silvester II Papa Silvester Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Gerbert d'Aurillac Auvergne region of France First French Pope

From 1000

Pontificate Common Name Regnal Name Personal Name Place of Birth Notes
June 1003 to December 1003 Pope John XVII Papa Ioannes Septimus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Siccone Rome  
25 December 1003 to July 1009 Pope John XVIII Papa Ioannes Duodevicesimus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Fasano; Phasianus Rome  
31 July 1009 to 12 May 1012 Pope Sergius IV Papa Sergius Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Pietro Bucca Porci; Peter Pig's Snout    
18 May 1012 to 9 April 1024 Pope Benedict VIII Papa Benedictus Octavus, Episcopus Romanus Theophylactus II, Conti di Tusculum    
April/May 1024 to 6 December 1032 Pope John XIX Papa Ioannes Undevicesimus, Episcopus Romanus Romanus, Conti di Tusculum    
1032 to 1044 Pope Benedict IX Papa Benedictus Nonus, Episcopus Romanus Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum   1st Term; abdicated for financial reward
1045 Pope Silvester III Papa Silvester Tertius, Episcopus Romanus John, Bishop of Sabina   Validity of election questioned; considered Anti-Pope; deposed at the Council of Sutri.
1045 to 1046 Pope Benedict IX Papa Benedictus Nonus, Episcopus Romanus Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum   2nd Term; deposed at the Council of Sutri
April/May 1045 to 20 December 1046 Pope Gregory VI Papa Gregorius Sextus, Episcopus Romanus Johannes Gratianus   Deposed at the Council of Sutri
24 December 1046 to 9 October 1047 Pope Clement II Papa Clemens Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Suidger Saxony  
November 1047 to 1048 Pope Benedict IX Papa Benedictus Nonus, Episcopus Romanus Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum   3rd Term; deposed and excommunicated
17 July 1048 to 9 August 1048 Pope Damasus II Papa Damasus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Poppo Tirol  
12 February 1049 to 19 April 1054 Pope Leo IX
Saint Leo
Papa Leo Nonus, Episcopus Romanus Bruno, Count of Dagsbourg Alsace  
13 April 1055 to 28 July 1057 Pope Victor II Papa Victor Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Gebhard, Count of Calw, Tollenstein, and Hirschberg    
2 August 1057 to 29 March 1058 Pope Stephen X
(Stephen IX)
Papa Stephanus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Frederic de Lorraine; Frederick of Lorraine    
6 December 1058 to 27 July 1061 Pope Nicholas II Papa Nicholas Secundus, Episcopus Romanus G鲡rd de Bourgogne; Gerard of Burgundy    
30 September 1061 to 21 April 1073 Pope Alexander II Papa Alexander Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Anselmo da Baggio Baggio, Milan, Italy  
22 April 1073 to 29 May 1085 Pope Gregory VII
Saint Gregory
Papa Gregorius Septimus, Episcopus Romanus Hildebrand Soana, Tuscany, Italy  
28 May 1086 to 16 September 1087 Pope Victor III
Blessed Victor
Papa Victor Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Desiderio; Desiderius; Dauferius Southern Italy  
12 March 1088 to 29 July 1099 Pope Urban II
Blessed Urban
Papa Urbanus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Odo of Lagery France  
13 August 1099 to 21 January 1118 Pope Paschal II Papa Paschalis Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Raniero Romagna, Italy  
24 January 1118 to 28 January 1119 Pope Gelasius II Papa Gelasius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Coniulo Gaeta, Latium, Italy  
2 February 1119 to 13 December 1124 Pope Calixtus II Papa Calistus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Guido, Comte de Bourgogne France Opened the First Council of the Lateran in 1123
15 December 1124 to 13 February 1130 Pope Honorius II Papa Honorius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Lamberto Scannabecchi Imola, Romagna, Italy  
14 February 1130 to 24 September 1143 Pope Innocent II Papa Innocentius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Lorenzo Papareschi Rome, Italy Convened the Second Council of the Lateran, 1139
26 September 1143 to 8 March 1144 Pope Celestine II Papa Celestinus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Guido Cittࠤi Castello, Umbria, Italy
12 March 1144 to 15 March 1145 Pope Lucius II Papa Lucius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Gerardo Caccianemici dal Orso Bologna, Italy  
15 February 1145 to 8 July 1153 Pope Eugene III
Blessed Eugene
Papa Eugenius Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Bernardo Pignatelli Pisa, Tuscany, Italy  
12 July 1153 to 15 February 1154 Pope Anastasius IV Papa Anastasius Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Corrado Rome  
4 December 1154 to 1 September 1159 Pope Adrian IV Papa Hadrianus Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Nicholas Breakspear England first English pope; granted Ireland to Henry II, King of England
7 September 1159 to 30 August 1181 Pope Alexander III Papa Alexander Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Rolando Bandinelli Siena, Tuscany, Italy Convened the Third Council of the Lateran, 1179
1 September 1181 to 25 September 1185 Pope Lucius III Papa Lucius Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Ubaldo Allucingoli Lucca, Tuscany, Italy  
25 November 1185 to 19 October 1187 Pope Urban III Papa Urbanus Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Uberto Crivelli Milan, Italy  
21 October 1187 to 17 December 1187 Pope Gregory VIII Papa Gregorius Octavus, Episcopus Romanus Alberto di Morra Benevento, Campania, Italy  
19 December 1187 to 27 March 1191 Pope Clement III Papa Clemens Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Paulino Scolari Rome  
30 March 1191 to 8 January 1198 Pope Celestine III Papa Celestinus Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Giacinto Bobone then Orsini Rome  
8 January 1198 to 16 July 1216 Pope Innocent III Papa Innocentius Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Lothario dei Conti di Segni Anagni, Latium, Italy Convened the Fourth Council of the Lateran, 1215
18 July 1216 to 18 March 1227 Pope Honorius III Papa Honorius Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Cencio Savelli Rome  
19 March 1227 to 22 August 1241 Pope Gregory IX Papa Gregorius Nonus, Episcopus Romanus Ugolino dei Conti di Segni Anagni, Latium, Italy  
25 October 1241 to 10 November 1241 Pope Celestine IV Papa Celestinus Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Goffredo Castiglioni Milan, Italy  
25 June 1243 to 7 December 1254 Pope Innocent IV Papa Innocentius Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Sinibaldo Fieschi Genoa, Italy Convened the First Council of Lyons, 1245

From 1250

Pontificate Common Name Regnal Name Personal Name Place of Birth Notes
12 December 1254 to 25 May 1261 Pope Alexander IV Papa Alexander Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Rinaldo dei Conti di Segni; Rinaldo Conti Anagni, Italy  
29 August 1261 to 2 October 1264 Pope Urban IV Papa Urbanus Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Jacques Pantal鯮 Troyes, France  
5 February 1265 to 29 November 1268 Pope Clement IV Papa Clemens Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Gui Faucoi le Gros (angl: Guy Foulques the Fat) Saint-Gilles, France  
29 November 1268 to 1 September 1271   interregnum      
1 September 1271 to 10 January 1276 Pope Gregory X
Blessed Gregory
Papa Gregorius Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Tebaldo Visconti Piacenza, italy Convened the Second Council of Lyons, 1274
21 January 1276 to 22 June 1276 Pope Innocent V
Blessed Innocent
Papa Innocentius Quintus, Episcopus Romanus Pierre de Tarentaise Savoy, France  
11 July 1276 to 18 August 1276 Pope Adrian V Papa Hadrianus Quintus, Episcopus Romanus Ottobuono Fieschi Genoa, Italy  
8 September 1276 to 20 May 1277 Pope John XXI Papa Ioannes Vicesimus Primus, Episcopus Romanus Pedro Hispano Lisbon, Portugal Killed in the collapse of his scientific laboratory; the first Portuguese pope
25 November 1277 to 22 August 1280 Pope Nicholas III Papa Nicholaus Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Gaetano Orsini Rome, Italy  
22 February 1281 to 28 March 1285 Pope Martin IV Papa Martinus Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Simon de Brion; Simon de Brie Touraine, France  
2 April 1285 to 3 April 1287 Pope Honorius IV Papa Honorius Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Giacomo Savelli Rome, Italy  
22 February 1288 to 4 April 1292 Pope Nicholas IV Papa Nicholaus Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Girolamo Masci Ascoli, Italy  
4 April 1292 to 5 July 1294   interregnum      
5 July 1294 to 13 December 1294 Pope Celestine V
Saint Celestine
Papa Caelestinus Quintus, Episcopus Romanus Pietro da Morrone Moline, Italy One of two popes who resigned
24 December 1294 to 11 October 1303 Pope Boniface VIII Papa Bonifacius Octavus, Episcopus Romanus Benedetto Caetani Anagni, Italy  
22 October 1303 to 7 July 1304 Pope Benedict XI Papa Benedictus Undecimus, Episcopus Romanus Niccol򠂯ccasini Treviso, Italy Convened the Council of Vienne, 1311-1312
5 June 1305 to 20 April 1314 Pope Clement V Papa Clemens Quintus, Episcopus Romanus Bertrand de Got Bordeaux, France Pope at Avignon
20 April 1314 to 7 August 1316   interregnum      
7 August 1316 to 4 December 1334 Pope John XXII Papa Ioannes Vicesimus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Jacques d'Euse; Jacques Duèse Cahors, France Pope at Avignon
20 December 1334 to 25 April 1342 Pope Benedict XII Papa Benedictus Duodecimus, Episcopus Romanus Jacques Fournier Saverdun, France Pope at Avignon
7 May 1342 to 6 December 1352 Pope Clement VI Papa Clemens Sextus, Episcopus Romanus Pierre Roger Limoges, France Pope at Avignon
18 December 1352 to 12 September 1362 Pope Innocent VI Papa Innocentius Sextus, Episcopus Romanus Etienne Aubert; Stephen Aubert Braisahmont, France Pope at Avignon
28 September 1362 to 19 December 1370 Pope Urban V
Blessed Urban
Papa Urbanus Quintus, Episcopus Guillaume Grimoard; Guillaume de Grimoard Languedoc, France Pope at Avignon
30 December 1370 to 26 March 1378 Pope Gregory XI Papa Gregorius Undecimus, Episcopus Romanus Pierre Roger de Beaufort Limoges, France Pope at Avignon
8 April 1378 to 15 October 1389 Pope Urban VI Papa Urbanus Sextus, Episcopus Romanus Bartolomeo Prignano Naples, Italy Western Schism
2 November 1389 to 1 October 1404 Pope Boniface IX Papa Bonifacius Nonus, Episcopus Romanus Pietro Tomacelli Naples, Italy Western Schism
17 October 1404 to 6 November 1406 Pope Innocent VII Papa Innocentius Septimus, Episcopus Romanus Cosimo Gentile Migliorati Abruzzi, Italy Western Schism
30 November 1406 to 4 July 1415 Pope Gregory XII Papa Gregorius Duodecimus, Episcopus Romanus Angelo Correr Venice, Italy Western Schism; abdicated during the Council of Constance, which had been called by his opponent John XXIII, but whose validity he had confirmed.
4 July 1415 to 11 November 1417   interregnum      
11 November 1417 to 20 February 1431 Pope Martin V Papa Martinus Quintus, Episcopus Romanus Oddone Colonna Rome, Italy Convened the Council of Basel, 1431
3 March 1431 to 23 February 1447 Pope Eugenius IV Papa Eugenius Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Gabriele Condulmer Venice, Italy  
6 March 1447 to 24 March 1455 Pope Nicholas V Papa Nicholaus Quintus, Episcopus Romanus Tommaso Parentucelli Sarzana, Liguria, Italy  
8 April 1455 to 6 August 1458 Pope Callixtus III Papa Callistus Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Alonso de Borgia Valencia, Spain First Spanish Pope
19 August 1458 to 15 August 1464 Pope Pius II Papa Pius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Enea Silvio Piccolomini Siena, Italy  
30 August 1464 to 26 July 1471 Pope Paul II Papa Paulus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Pietro Barbo Venice, Italy Nephew of Eugenius IV
9 August 1471 to 12 August 1484 Pope Sixtus IV Papa Xystus Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Francesco della Rovere Savona, Italy Member of the Franciscan Order, Commissioned the Sistine Chapel
29 August 1484 to 25 July 1492 Pope Innocent VIII Papa Innocentius Octavus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Battista Cybo Genoa, Italy  
11 August 1492 to 18 August 1503 Pope Alexander VI Papa Alexander Sextus, Episcopus Romanus Rodrigo de Lanz򬭛[Borgia]] Valencia, Spain Nephew of Callixtus III

From 1500

Pontificate Common Name Regnal Name Personal Name Place of Birth Notes
22 September 1503 to 18 October 1503 Pope Pius III Papa Pius Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini Siena, Tuscany, Italy Nephew of Pius II
31 October 1503 to 21 February 1513 Pope Julius II Papa Iulius Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Giuliano della Rovere Albisola, Savona, Italy Nephew of Sixtus IV; Convened the Fifth Council of the Lateran, 1512
9 March 1513 to 1 December 1521 Pope Leo X Papa Leo Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici Florence, Italy Son of Lorenzo the Magnificent
9 January 1522 to 14 September 1523 Pope Adrian VI Papa Hadrianus Sextus, Episcopus Romanus Adrian Florensz Dedal Utrecht, The Holy Roman Empire of German nation (presently The Netherlands) Only Dutch Pope, and because today's Netherlands then were a part of Germany by many considered the last German pope until 2005; last non-Italian Pope until 1978
26 November 1523 to 25 September 1534 Pope Clement VII Papa Clemens Septimus, Episcopus Romanus Giulio di Giuliano de' Medici Florence, Italy Rome plundered by imperial troops ("Sacco di Roma"), 1527
13 October 1534 to 10 November 1549 Pope Paul III Papa Paulus Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Alessandro Farnese Canino, Viterbo, Italy Opened the Council of Trent in 1545
7 February 1550 to 23 March 1555 Pope Julius III Papa Iulius Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte Rome, Italy  
9 April 1555 to April 30 or 1 May 1555 Pope Marcellus II Papa Marcellus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Marcello Cervini Montefano, Macerata, Italy  
23 May 1555 to 18 August 1559 Pope Paul IV Papa Paulus Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Pietro Carafa Capriglia, Campania, Italy  
25 December 1559 to 9 December 1565 Pope Pius IV Papa Pius Quartus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Angelo Medici Milan, Italy Reopened the Council of Trent, 1562, it concluded its proceedings in 1563
7 January 1566 to 1 May 1572 Pope Pius V
Saint Pius
Papa Pius Quintus, Episcopus Romanus Michele Ghislieri Bosco, Alessandria, Italy Victory of Lepanto 1571
13 May 1572 to 10 April 1585 Pope Gregory XIII Papa Gregorius Tertius Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Ugo Boncompagni Bologna, Italy Reform of the calendar 1582
24 April 1585 to 27 August 1590 Pope Sixtus V Papa Xystus Quintus, Episcopus Romanus Felice Peretti Grottammare, Marche, Italy  
15 September 1590 to 27 September 1590 Pope Urban VII Papa Urbanus Septimus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Battista Castagna Rome, Italy  
5 December 1590 to 15 /16 October 1591 Pope Gregory XIV Papa Gregorius Quartus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Niccol򠓦ondrati Cremona, Lombardy, Italy  
29 October 1591 to 30 December 1591 Pope Innocent IX Papa Innocentius Nonus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti Bologna, Italy  
30 January 1592 to 3 March 1605 Pope Clement VIII Papa Clemens Octavus, Episcopus Romanus Ippolito Aldobrandini Fano, Marche, Italy  
1 April 1605 to 27 April 1605 Pope Leo XI Papa Leo Undecimus, Episcopus Romanus Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici Florence, Italy  
16 May 1605 to 28 January 1621 Pope Paul V Papa Paulus Quintus, Episcopus Romanus Camillo Borghese Rome, Italy  
9 February 1621 to 8 July 1623 Pope Gregory XV Papa Gregorius Quintus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Alessandro Ludovisi Bologna, Italy  
6 August 1623 to 29 July 1644 Pope Urban VIII Papa Urbanus Octavus, Episcopus Romanus Maffeo Barberini Florence, Italy Trial against Galileo Galilei
15 September 1644 to 7 January 1655 Pope Innocent X Papa Innocentius Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Battista Pamphilj Rome, Italy  
7 April 1655 to 22 May 1667 Pope Alexander VII Papa Alexander Septimus, Episcopus Romanus Fabio Chigi Siena, Tuscany, Italy  
20 June 1667 to 9 December 1669 Pope Clement IX Papa Clemens Nonus, Episcopus Romanus Giulio Rospigliosi Pistoia, Tuscany, Italy  
29 April 1670 to 22 July 1676 Pope Clement X Papa Clemens Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Emilio Altieri Rome, Italy  
21 September 1676 to 11/12 August 1689 Pope Innocent XI
Blessed Innocent
Papa Innocentius Undecimus, Episcopus Romanus Benedetto Odescalchi Como, Lombardy, Italy  
6 October 1689 to 1 February 1691 Pope Alexander VIII Papa Alexander Octavus, Episcopus Romanus Pietro Vito Ottoboni Padova, Veneto, Italy  
12 July 1691 to 27 September 1700 Pope Innocent XII Papa Innocentius Duodecimus, Episcopus Romanus Antonio Pignatelli Spinazzola, Puglia, Italy  
23 November 1700 to 19 March 1721 Pope Clement XI Papa Clemens Undecimus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Francesco Albani Urbino, Marche, Italy  
8 May 1721 to 7 March 1724 Pope Innocent XIII Papa Innocentius Tertius Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Michelangelo de ’Conti; Michael Angelo Conti Poli, Lazio, Italy  
29 May 1724 to 21 February 1730 Pope Benedict XIII Papa Benedictus Tertius Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Pierfrancesco Orsini Gravina, Puglia, Italy  
12 July 1730 to 6 February 1740 Pope Clement XII Papa Clemens Duodecimus, Episcopus Romanus Lorenzo Corsini Florence, Italy  
17 August 1740 to 3 May 1758 Pope Benedict XIV Papa Benedictus Quartus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini Bologna, Italy  

From 1750

Pontificate Common Name Regnal Name Personal Name Place of Birth Notes
6 July 1758 to 2 February 1769 Pope Clement XIII Papa Clemens Tertius Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Carlo della Torre Rezzonico Venice, Veneto, Italy  
19 May 1769 to 22 September 1774 Pope Clement XIV Papa Clemens Quartus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Vincenzo Antonio Ganganelli Sant'Arcangelo di Romagna, Italy  
15 February 1775 to 29 August 1799 Pope Pius VI Papa Pius Sextus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Angelo Braschi Cesena, Italy  
14 March 1800 to 20 August 1823 Pope Pius VII Papa Pius Septimus, Episcopus Romanus Barnaba Chiaramonti Cesena, Italy  
28 September 1823 to 10 February 1829 Pope Leo XII Papa Leo Duodecimus, Episcopus Romanus Annibale Sermattei della Genga Fabriano, Marche, Italy  
31 March 1829 to 1 December 1830 Pope Pius VIII Papa Pius Octavus, Episcopus Romanus Francesco Saverio Castiglioni Cingoli, Marche, Italy  
2 February 1831 to 1 June 1846 Pope Gregory XVI Papa Gregorius Sextus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Bartolomeo Alberto Cappellari Belluno, Veneto, Italy  
16 June 1846 to 7 February 1878 Pope Pius IX
Blessed Pius IX
Papa Pius Nonus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti Senigallia, Marche, Italy Opened First Vatican Council; lost the Papal States to Italy.
20 February 1878 to 20 July 1903 Pope Leo XIII Papa Leo Tertius Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Gioacchino Vincenzo Raffaele Luigi Pecci Carpineto Romano, Latium, Italy  
4 August 1903 to 20 August 1914 Pope Pius X
Saint Pius X
Papa Pius Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto Riese, Treviso, Veneto, Italy  
3 September 1914 to 22 January 1922 Pope Benedict XV Papa Benedictus Quintus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Giacomo Della Chiesa Genoa, Italy  
6 February 1922 to 10 February 1939 Pope Pius XI Papa Pius Undecimus, Episcopus Romanus Achille Ambrogio Damiano Ratti Desio, Milan, Italy Signed the Lateran Treaty with Italy, establishing the Vatican City as a sovereign state.
2 March 1939 to 9 October 1958 Pope Pius XII Papa Pius Duodecimus, Episcopus Romanus Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli Rome, Italy  
28 October 1958 to 3 June 1963 Pope John XXIII
Blessed John XXIII
Papa Ioannes Vicesimus Tertius, Episcopus Romanus Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli Sotto il Monte, Bergamo, Italy Opened Second Vatican Council; sometimes called "Good Pope John"
21 June 1963 to 6 August 1978 Pope Paul VI Papa Paulus Sextus, Episcopus Romanus Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini Concesio, Brescia, Italy The last pope to be crowned with the Papal Tiara.
26 August 1978 to 28 September 1978 Pope John Paul I Papa Ioannes Paulus Primus, Episcopus Romanus Albino Luciani Forno di Canale (now Canale d'Agordo), Veneto, Italy First Pope to use 'the First' in regnal name. First pope with two names, for his two immediate predecessors.
16 October 1978 to 2 April 2005 Pope John Paul II Papa Ioannes Paulus Secundus, Episcopus Romanus Karol J󺥦 Wojtyła Wadowice, Poland First Polish pope and first non-Italian pope since Pope Adrian VI in 1523. Reputedly canonized more saints than all predecessors. Styled "The Great" by some admirers. The longest serving Pope since Pius IX (1846-1878)

From 2000

Pontificate Common Name Regnal Name Personal Name Place of Birth Notes
19 April 2005 to present Pope Benedict XVI Papa Benedictus Sextus Decimus, Episcopus Romanus Joseph Alois Ratzinger Marktl am Inn, Bavaria, Germany First German pope since Pope Adrian VI in 1523. (Although Adrian VI was born in the Holy Roman Empire, it is in what is now Dutch territory, so some do not include him and claim that the previous German pope was Pope Stephen X.) Oldest to become pope since Clement XII in 1730. First modern Pope from a predominantly non-Catholic country.


 Pope Benedict XVI was elected in a  on ,  and formally  during the  on , .
Enlarge
His Holiness Pope Benedict XVI was elected in a papal conclave on April 19, 2005 and formally inaugurated during the papal inauguration mass on April 24, 2005.

Notes on numbering of popes

Hermannus Contractus may have been the first historian to number the popes continuously. His list ends in 1049 with Pope Leo IX as the number 154. On that basis, the current Pope Benedict XVI is the 265th pope.

A number of anomalies in the list given above need further explanation:

  • Felix II (356-357), Boniface VII (974, 984-985), John XVI (997-998), Benedict X (1058-1059) and Alexander V (1409-1410) are not listed because they are considered antipopes.
  • The numbering of popes named Felix has been amended to omit antipope Felix II. However, most lists still call the last two Felixes Felix III and Felix IV. Additionally, there was an antipope Felix V.
  • There has never been a pope John XX as a result of confusion of the numbering system in the 11th century.
  • Stephen II, who died before being consecrated, is listed above and in the Catholic Encyclopedia, but is not on the Vatican's official list of popes. The numbering of his successors with the same name are sometimes given as Stephen II to Stephen IX, or as Stephen III to Stephen X.
  • When Simon de Brion became pope in 1281, he chose to be called Martin. At that time, Marinus I and Marinus II were mistakenly considered to be Martin II and Martin III respectively, and so, somewhat erroneously, Simon de Brion became pope Martin IV.
  • In legend, an English woman reigned as Pope Joan following the death of Leo IV, from 855 to 858. However, this is impossible: Leo IV was immediately succeeded by Benedict III and was challenged by an antipope during that time.
  • Pope Donus II, said to have reigned about 974, never existed. The belief resulted from the confusion of the title dominus (lord) with a proper name.

Related articles

References

  • John N.D. Kelly, The Oxford Dictionary of Popes, Oxford University Press, 1986.
  • AA.VV., Enciclopedia dei Papi, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia italiana, 2000.
  • Pontificia Amministrazione della Patriarcale Basilica di San Paolo, I Papi. Venti secoli di storia, Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2002.

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