From Academic Kids
1262 1263 1264 - 1265 - 1266 1267 1268
| Decades: |
1230s 1240s 1250s - 1260s - 1270s 1280s 1290s
| Centuries: |
12th century - 13th century - 14th century
1265 state leaders
War and politics
- January 20 - In Westminster, the first English parliament conducts its first meeting in the Palace of Westminster, now also known as the Houses of Parliament.
- Before August - Future King Edward I of England escapes captivity in the hands of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester.
- August 4 - The Battle of Evesham of the Second Barons' War is fought in Worcestershire, with the army of Edward defeating the forces of rebellious barons led by Simon de Montfort and killing de Montfort and many of his allies. This is sometimes considered the death of chivalry in England.
- King Alfonso X of Castile captures the city of Alicante, Spain from the Moors during the Reconquista.
- The Isle of Man comes under Scottish rule.
- The Book of Aneirin, a Welsh manuscript of poetry, is penned.
- The brewing of Budweiser Budvar beer begins in Bohemia (now part of the Czech Republic); Budweiser Budvar has been produced continuously there to this day.
- Correspondence from Pope Clement IV contains the first known mention of the ring of the Fisherman, an item of papal regalia then used to seal personal correspondence from the pope and later for papal bulls.
Africa and Asia
- The Mamluk Bahri dynasty of Egypt captures several cities and towns from Crusader states in the Middle East, including the cities of Haifa, Arsuf, and Caesarea Palaestina; these events eventually precipitate the Eighth Crusade in 1267.
- Kublai Khan sends a delegation to Japan, which loots islands along the way.
- Fire destroys parts of Old Cairo.
- King Alfonso III of Aragon
- May 10 - Emperor Fushimi of Japan
- May 29 - Dante Alighieri, Italian poet (d. 1321)
- John Duns Scotus, philosopher (year uncertain)
- Duke Henry VI of Carinthia (year uncertain)
- February 8 - Hulagu Khan, Mongol khan (b. 1217)
- April 25 - Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester
- August 4 - Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester
- August 4 - Hugh le Despencer, 1st Baron le Despencer
- August 4 - Henry de Montfort
- December 3 - Odofredus, Italian jurist
- Peter de Montfort
- Al-Abhari, Persian philosopher and mathematician
- List of state leaders in 1265
- Map of the Byzantine Empire in 1265 (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:ShepherdByzempire1265.jpg)af:1265
ast:1265 bg:1265 ca:1265 cs:1265 cy:1265 da:1265 de:1265 et:1265 el:1265 es:1265 eo:1265 eu:1265 fr:1265 ko:1265년 hr:1265 io:1265 it:1265 he:1265 lb:1265 hu:1265 nl:1265 nb:1265 nn:1265 pl:1265 pt:1265 ro:1265 ru:1265 sk:1265 sl:1265 sr:1265 fi:1265 sv:1265 tt:1265 uk:1265 zh:1265年