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Emperor Fushimi of Japan

From Academic Kids

Emperor Fushimi (伏見天皇) (May 10, 1265October 8, 1317) was the 92nd imperial ruler of Japan. He ruled from November 27, 1287 until August 30, 1298. His personal name was Hirohito (熈仁) (Note: Different kanji from the Shōwa Emperor's personal name).

Contents

Genealogy

He was the second son of Emperor Go-Fukakusa. They were from the Jimyōin line.

  • Empress: Saionji (Fujiwara) ?-ko (西園寺(藤原)金章子)
  • Lady-in-waiting: Daughter of Miki (?) (Minamoto) ?? (三木(源)具氏)
  • Lady-in-waiting: Itsutsuji (Fujiwara) Tsuneko (?) (五辻(藤原)経子)
    • First son: Imperial Prince Tanehito (胤仁親王) (Emperor Go-Fushimi)
  • Consort: Tōin Fujiwara ?? (洞院(藤原)季子)
    • First daughter: Imperial Princess ?ko (甝子内親王 (甝 = 王壽))
    • Second daughter: Imperial Princess Shigeko (?) (誉子内親王)
    • Second son: Imperial Prince ?? (寛性入道親王) (Buddhist Lay Priest)
    • Third daughter: Imperial Princess Nobuko? (延子内親王)
    • Fourth son: Imperial Prince Tomihito (富仁親王) (Emperor Hanazono)

Name

From the palace of the Jimyōin-tō

Life

In 1275, by the actions of his father, the Jimyōin-tō Emperor Go-Fukakusa, he became Crown Prince to his first cousin, the Daikakuji-tō Emperor Go-Uda. In 1287, he was enthroned following his predecessor's abdication. After this, there was a short period of time in which the two lines alternated power. Two years later, the Retired Emperor Go-Fukakusa ended his reign as Cloistered Emperor, Fushimi taking direct control.

In 1289, by making his own son (the future Emperor Go-Fushimi) Crown Prince, he increased the antagonism of the Daikakuji line.

In 1290, the family of Asawara Tameyori made an assassination attempt on the Emperor.

During his reign, efforts were made by the noble families to defeat the government, but the power of the Bakufu increased. In 1298, Fushimi abdicated and began his reign as cloistered Emperor.

But, three years later, in 1301, the Daikakuji Line rallied and forced Emperor Go-Fushimi to abdicate.

In 1308, his co-operation with the Bakufu succeeding, his fourth son's enthronement as Emperor Hanazono was realized, and he again became cloistered Emperor.

During Fushimi's reign, the alternating plan for the Daikakuji and Jimyōin lines had not yet come into being, and the two lines fought each other for the throne.

In 1317, he passed away.

Eras during his reign


Preceded by:
Go-Uda
Emperor of Japan
1287-1298
Succeeded by:
Go-Fushimi

Template:End boxde:Fushimi (Kaiser) ja:伏見天皇

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