Wolfram von Richthofen

Wolfram von Richthofen was a distant cousin of the late Manfred von Richthofen and one of only a few select officers in the Luftwaffe to have attained the highest rank of Generalfeldmarschall. However, he was retired on medical grounds in late 1944 and died of a brain tumor in the American POW camp at Bad Ischl on July 12, 1945
Wolfram von Richthofen was a distant cousin of the late Manfred von Richthofen and one of only a few select officers in the Luftwaffe to have attained the highest rank of Generalfeldmarschall. However, he was retired on medical grounds in late 1944 and died of a brain tumor in the American POW camp at Bad Ischl on July 12, 1945

Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen (10 October 1895 - 12 July 1945) was a German General and Field Marshal during World War II. He was born in Barzdorf, part of the Sudetenland in what became Czechoslovakia after the end of World War I, now the city of Pernoltice in the Czech Republic. During the World War I he was serving in a German cavalry, in 1918 he learnt to fly fighter aircraft and was transferred to the airforce. In March 1918 he was assigned to Jasta 11 fighter squadron, and by the end of the war he shot down 8 aircraft, what gave him flying ace title. On 18 September, 1920, he married Jutta von Selchow (1896-1991) at Breslau (now the city of Wroclaw in Poland). They had three children.

In 1933 he joined the Luftwaffe. From 1936, he was one of commanding oficers in Legion Condor in the Spanish Civil War. On July 17, 1941, General der Flieger von Richthofen, then the commanding general of VIII Fliegerkorps, became only the 26th recipient (out of an eventual 890 from all branches of the armed forces) of the Knight's Cross with Oakleaves (Ritterkreuz mit Eichenlaub). On 16 February, 1943, he became only one of six officers in the Luftwaffe in the history of the Third Reich alongside Göring (who had held the rank from 1938 until his promotion to Reichsmarschall in July 1940), Kesselring, Milch, Sperrle and (when the Third Reich was within days of falling) von Greim to be promoted to the rank of Generalfeldmarschall. However, he was retired on medical grounds in late 1944 and he died in American captivity at Bad Ischl on July 12, 1945.

He was a distant cousin of Manfred von Richthofen, who was known as the Red Baron and had shot down 80 enemy aircraft before being killed in action in 1918.


Template:German title Freiherr

External links

  • chronology (http://www.geocities.com/~orion47/WEHRMACHT/LUFTWAFFE/GFM-LW.html)

German Field Marshals (Generalfeldmarschall) of World War II

Werner von Blomberg | Hermann Göring | Walther von Brauchitsch | Albert Kesselring | Wilhelm Keitel | Günther von Kluge | Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb | Fedor von Bock | Wilhelm List | Erwin von Witzleben | Walther von Reichenau | Erhard Milch | Hugo Sperrle | Gerd von Rundstedt | Erwin Rommel | Georg von Küchler | Erich von Manstein | Friedrich Paulus | Ewald von Kleist | Maximilian von Weichs | Ernst Busch | Wolfram von Richthofen | Walther Model | Ferdinand Schörner | Robert Ritter von Greim

Honorary: Eduard von Böhm-Ermolli

German Grand Admirals (Großadmiral) of World War II

Erich Raeder | Karl Dönitz

Template:Livedde:Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen pl:Wolfram von Richthofen sv:Wolfram von Richthofen


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