Erwin von Witzleben

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Erwin von Witzleben

Erwin von Witzleben (December 4, 1881 - August 8, 1944) was a German Generalfeldmarschall.

He served as a junior officer in the First World War, and won the Iron Cross. Erwin von Witzleben was forced into early retirement after he criticised Adolf Hitler's persecution of General Werner von Fritsch, and the Night of the Long Knives.

At the start of the Second World War he was recalled, and placed in charge of the German First Army in 1939, which tasked with invading France in May 1940. He served as Commander-in-Chief of Army Group D, and so was overall commander of the Western Theatre. In 1942, after Operation Barbarossa, he was again critical of the government, and was retired again. He was a Wehrmacht conspirator in the July 20th Bomb Plot conspiracy. Witzleben, who would have been Commander-in-Chief of the Wehrmacht in the planned post-coup government, arrived at OKH-HQ (Oberkommando des Heeres Headquarters) in Berlin on July 20 to assume command of the coup forces. He was arrested the next day and tried by the People's Court on August 8. He was sentenced to death and executed (hanged naked) the same day in Pltzensee prison.


 
German Field Marshals (Generalfeldmarschall) of World War II

Werner von Blomberg | Hermann Gring | Walther von Brauchitsch | Albert Kesselring | Wilhelm Keitel | Gnther von Kluge | Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb | Fedor von Bock | Wilhelm List | Erwin von Witzleben | Walther von Reichenau | Erhard Milch | Hugo Sperrle | Gerd von Rundstedt | Erwin Rommel | Georg von Kchler | Erich von Manstein | Friedrich Paulus | Ewald von Kleist | Maximilian von Weichs | Ernst Busch | Wolfram von Richthofen | Walther Model | Ferdinand Schrner | Robert Ritter von Greim

Honorary: Eduard von Bhm-Ermolli

 
German Grand Admirals (Groadmiral) of World War II

Erich Raeder | Karl Dnitz

da:Erwin von Witzleben

de:Erwin von Witzleben ja:エルヴィン・フォン・ウィッツレーベン no:Erwin von Witzleben sv:Erwin von Witzleben

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