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UEFA Cup

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The UEFA Cup is a football competition for European club teams. It was founded on April 18, 1955 as the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup. It is the second most important competition for European club teams, the first being the UEFA Champions League.

Contents

History

The first Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, held between 1955 and 1958, was a tournament open to cities that had hosted trade fairs, and not necessarily clubs - cities with more than one club sent representative teams (e.g. London). As time progressed, the competition saw more clubs and fewer representative sides enter, so that by the mid-1960s, it was exclusively for clubs, who usually qualified by being a runner-up in their domestic league. However, a rule that only one club per city could enter was applied.

A second tournament took place between 1958 and 1960, all tournaments since have been held on a yearly basis. The competition completely dropped its link with the trade fairs and was renamed the UEFA Cup in 1971. However, the 'one club per city' rule was only rescinded in 1975; Everton had finished fourth in the English league and could thus qualify, but were barred from entry because Liverpool had also qualified by coming second. Everton appealed, saying the rule was an unfair anachronism, and UEFA agreed to overturn it.

The competition was traditionally open to the runners-up of domestic leagues, but in 1999, the competition was merged with the Cup Winners' Cup. Since then the winners of domestic cup competitions have also entered the UEFA Cup.

Qualification

Qualification for the competition is based on UEFA coefficients, with more places being offered to the more successful nations. Usually places are awarded to teams who finish in various runners-up places in the top-flight leagues of Europe, and the winners of the main cup competitions. A few countries have secondary cup competitions, but the only countries which send their secondary cup winners to the UEFA Cup are England and France.

Qualification can be quite complicated if one team qualifies through two different ways at once. For example in England, the team finishing 5th in the Premiership and the winners of the FA Cup and League Cup qualify. If the FA Cup winner has qualified for the Champions League by its league position, the runner-up goes to the UEFA Cup; however, the League Cup runner-up does not receive this privilege. It is possible for the teams in 6th and even 7th place in the Premiership to enter the UEFA Cup under the following circumstances:

  • The League Cup winners have qualified for European play, either by league position or through the FA Cup.
  • Both FA Cup finalists have qualified for the Champions League via their league position.

If only one of the above occurs, the 6th-place team in the Premiership gets a UEFA Cup entry, but not the 7th-place team. If both occur, the 6th- and 7th-place teams both earn UEFA Cup berths. Both occurred in 2004-05, as champions Chelsea won the League Cup, and second-place Arsenal defeated third-place Man United in the FA Cup Final.

Qualification for the UEFA Cup can also be attained in two other ways:

  • Three UEFA Cup berths each year are set aside for the three winners of the final matches in the UEFA Intertoto Cup.
  • Three more berths are given to federations that finish above a certain level in UEFA's Fair Play table. The top-placed federation automatically receives a Fair Play entry, and two other federations gain berths via a draw among all other federations that meet qualifying criteria. In all cases, the recipient of a country's Fair Play entry is the highest-placed team in the Fair Play table of that country's top league that has not already qualified for Europe.

More recently, clubs that are knocked out of the qualifying round and the group stage of the Champions League can also join the UEFA Cup, at different stages (see below).

Competition format

The competition was traditionally a pure knockout tournament. All ties were two-legged, including the final. Starting with the 1998 event, the final became a one-off match, but all other ties remained two-legged.

Before the 2004-05 season, the tournament consisted of two qualifying rounds, followed by a series of knockout rounds. The 16 losers in the third qualifying round of the Champions League entered at the first round proper; later in the tournament, the survivors would be joined by third-place finishers in the group phase of the Champions League.

For the 2004-05 event, a new format has been introduced. The two qualifying rounds remain intact, and losers in the third qualifying round of the Champions League are still placed in the first round proper of the tournament. After the first round proper, the 40 survivors enter a group phase, with the clubs being drawn into eight groups of five each. Unlike the Champions League group phase, the UEFA Cup group phase is played in a single round-robin format, with each club playing two home and two away games. The top three teams in each group advance, where they are joined by the eight third-place teams in the Champions League group phase. From this point, knockout play resumes, with two-legged ties leading to the one-off final.

UEFA Cup Finals

Single match finals

Season Winner Score Runner-up Venue
2006/07 Hampden Park,
Glasgow
2005/06 Philips Stadion,
Eindhoven
2004/05 CSKA Moscow
Missing image
CSKA_logo.gif


3 - 1 Sporting Lisbon
José Alvalade Stadium,
Lisbon Missing image
Portugal_flag_large.png


2003/04 Valencia
Missing image
Valencia_cf.gif


2 - 0 Marseille
Missing image
Marseille3.gif


Nya Ullevi,
Göteborg
2002/03 FC Porto
3 - 2
aet
Celtic
Missing image
Celtic_FC_logo.png


Olimpico Sevilla,
Seville
Match decided by silver goal
2001/02 Feyenoord
Missing image
Feyenoord.gif


3 - 2 Borussia Dortmund
Missing image
Bvbcrest.JPG


De Kuip,
Rotterdam
2000/01 Liverpool
Missing image
Liverpool_FC_logo.png


5 - 4
aet
Alavés
Missing image
Deportivo_alaves.gif


Westfalenstadion,
Dortmund
Match decided by golden goal
1999/00 Galatasaray
Missing image
Gs05.PNG


0 - 0
aet
Arsenal
Missing image
Arsenal_crest.png


Parken,
Copenhagen
4-1 in penalty shootout
1998/99 Parma
Missing image
Parma_ac.gif


3 - 0 Marseille
Missing image
Marseille3.gif


Luzhniki Stadium,
Moscow
1997/98 Inter Milan
Missing image
FC_Internazionale_logo.png


3 - 0 Lazio
Missing image
Ss_lazio.gif


Parc des Princes,
Paris

Two-legged finals

Season Home Team Score Away Team Venue
1996/97 FC Schalke 04
(GER)
1 - 0 Inter Milan
(ITA)
Parkstadion,
Gelsenkirchen
Inter Milan
(ITA)
1 - 0
aet
FC Schalke 04
(GER)
Giuseppe Meazza,
Milan
Aggregate: 1-1
FC Schalke 04 won 4-1 in penalty shootout
1995/96 Bayern Munich
(GER)
2 - 0 Bordeaux
(FRA)
Olympiastadion,
Munich
Bordeaux
(FRA)
1 - 3 Bayern Munich
(GER)
Parc Lesure,
Bordeaux
Bayern Munich won 5-1 on aggregate
1994/95 Parma
(ITA)
1 - 0 Juventus
(ITA)
Ennio Tardini,
Parma
Juventus
(ITA)
1 - 1 Parma
(ITA)
San Siro,
Milan
Parma won 2-1 on aggregate
1993/94 Austria Salzburg
(AUT)
0 - 1 Inter Milan
(ITA)
Ernst Happel,
Vienna
Inter Milan
(ITA)
1 - 0 Austria Salzburg
(AUT)
Giuseppe Meazza,
Milan
Inter Milan won 2-0 on aggregate
1992/93 Borussia Dortmund
(GER)
1 - 3 Juventus
(ITA)
Westfalenstadion,
Dortmund
Juventus
(ITA)
3 - 0 Borussia Dortmund
(GER)
Delle Alpi,
Turin
Juventus won 6-1 on aggregate
1991/92 Torino
(ITA)
2 - 2 Ajax
(NED)
Delle Alpi,
Turin
Ajax
(NED)
0 - 0 Torino
(ITA)
Olympisch Stadion,
Amsterdam
Aggregate: 2-2
Ajax won on away goals
1990/91 Inter Milan
(ITA)
2 - 0 Roma
(ITA)
Giuseppe Meazza,
Milan
Roma
(ITA)
1 - 0 Inter Milan
(ITA)
Stadio Olimpico,
Rome
Inter Milan won 2-1 on aggregate
1989/90 Juventus
(ITA)
3 - 1 Fiorentina
(ITA)
Stadio Comunale,
Turin
Fiorentina
(ITA)
0 - 0 Juventus
(ITA)
Stadio Partenio,
Avellino
Juventus won 3-1 on aggregate
1988/89 Napoli
(ITA)
2 - 1 Stuttgart
(FRG)
San Paolo Stadium,
Naples
Stuttgart
(FRG)
3 - 3 Napoli
(ITA)
Neckarstadion,
Stuttgart
Napoli won 5-4 on aggregate
1987/88 Espanyol
(ESP)
3 - 0 Bayer Leverkusen
(FRG)
Sarria Stadium,
Barcelona
Bayer Leverkusen
(FRG)
3 - 0
aet
Espanyol
(ESP)
Ulrich Haberland Stadion,
Leverkusen
Aggregate: 3-3
Bayer Leverkusen won 3-2 in penalty shootout
1986/87 IFK Göteborg
(SWE)
1 - 0 Dundee United
(SCO)
Nya Ullevi,
Gothenburg
Dundee United
(SCO)
1 - 1 IFK Göteborg
(SWE)
Tannadice Park,
Dundee
IFK Göteborg won 2-1 on aggregate
1985/86 Real Madrid
(ESP)
5 - 1 1. FC Köln
(FRG)
Santiago Bernabéu,
Madrid
1. FC Köln
(FRG)
2 - 0 Real Madrid
(ESP)
Olympiastadion,
Berlin
Real Madrid won 5-3 on aggregate
1984/85 Videoton
(HUN)
0 - 3 Real Madrid
(ESP)
Sóstói,
Székesfehérvár
Real Madrid
(ESP)
0 - 1 Videoton
(HUN)
Santiago Bernabéu,
Madrid
Real Madrid won 3-1 on aggregate
1983/84 Anderlecht
(BEL)
1 - 1 Tottenham Hotspur
(ENG)
Parc Astride,
Brussels
Tottenham Hotspur
(ENG)
1 - 1
aet
Anderlecht
(BEL)
White Hart Lane,
London
Aggregate: 2-2
Tottenham Hotspur won 4-3 in penalty shootout
1982/83 Anderlecht
(BEL)
1 - 0 Benfica
(POR)
Heysel Stadium,
Brussels
Benfica
(POR)
1 - 1 Anderlecht
(BEL)
Estádio da Luz,
Lisbon
Anderlecht won 2-1 on aggregate
1981/82 IFK Göteborg
(SWE)
1 - 0 Hamburg
(FRG)
Nya Ullevi,
Gothenburg
Hamburg
(FRG)
0 - 3 IFK Göteborg
(SWE)
Volksparkstadion,
Hamburg
IFK Göteborg won 4-0 on aggregate
1980/81 Ipswich Town
(ENG)
3 - 0 AZ Alkmaar
(NED)
Portman Road,
Ipswich
AZ Alkmaar
(NED)
4 - 2 Ipswich Town
(ENG)
Olympisch Stadion,
Amsterdam
Ipswich Town won 5-4 on aggregate
1979/80 Borussia M'gladbach
(FRG)
3 - 2 Eintracht Frankfurt
(FRG)
Bökelbergstadion,
Mönchengladbach
Eintracht Frankfurt
(FRG)
1 - 0 Borussia M'gladbach
(FRG)
Waldstadion,
Frankfurt
Aggregate: 3-3
Eintracht Frankfurt won on away goals
1978/79 Red Star Belgrade
(YUG)
1 - 1 Borussia M'gladbach
(FRG)
Red Star Stadium,
Belgrade
Borussia M'gladbach
(FRG)
1 - 0 Red Star Belgrade
(YUG)
Rheinstadion,
Düsseldorf
Borussia Mönchengladbach won 2-1 on aggregate
1977/78 Bastia
(FRA)
0 - 0 PSV Eindhoven
(NED)
Furiani Stadium,
Bastia
PSV Eindhoven
(NED)
3 - 0 Bastia
(FRA)
Philips Stadion,
Eindhoven
PSV Eindhoven won 3-0 on aggregate
1976/77 Juventus
(ITA)
1 - 0 Athletic Bilbao
(ESP)
Stadio Comunale,
Turin
Athletic Bilbao
(ESP)
2 - 1 Juventus
(ITA)
San Mamés,
Bilbao
Aggregate: 2-2
Juventus won on away goals
1975/76 Liverpool
(ENG)
3 - 2 Club Brugge
(BEL)
Anfield,
Liverpool
Club Brugge
(BEL)
1 - 1 Liverpool
(ENG)
Olympiastadion,
Brugge
Liverpool won 4-3 on aggregate
1974/75 Borussia M'gladbach
(FRG)
0 - 0 Twente
(NED)
Rheinstadion,
Düsseldorf
Twente
(NED)
1 - 5 Borussia M'gladbach
(FRG)
Diekman,
Enschede
Borussia Mönchengladbach won 5-1 on aggregate
1973/74 Tottenham Hotspur
(ENG)
2 - 2 Feyenoord
(NED)
White Hart Lane,
London
Feyenoord
(NED)
2 - 0 Tottenham Hotspur
(ENG)
De Kuip,
Rotterdam
Feyenoord won 4-2 on aggregate
1972/73 Liverpool
(ENG)
3 - 0 Borussia M'gladbach
(FRG)
Anfield,
Liverpool
Borussia M'gladbach
(FRG)
2 - 0 Liverpool
(ENG)
Bökelbergstadion,
Mönchengladbach
Liverpool won 3-2 on aggregate
1971/72 Wolverhampton Wanderers
(ENG)
1 - 2 Tottenham Hotspur
(ENG)
Molineux,
Wolverhampton
Tottenham Hotspur
(ENG)
1 - 1 Wolverhampton Wanderers
(ENG)
White Hart Lane,
London
Tottenham Hotspur won 3-2 on aggregate

Inter-Cities Fairs Cup finals

Season Home Team Score Away Team Venue
1970/71 Juventus
(ITA)
2 - 2 Leeds United
(ENG)
Stadio Comunale,
Turin
Leeds United
(ENG)
1 - 1 Juventus
(ITA)
Elland Road,
Leeds
Aggregate: 3-3
Leeds United won on away goals
1969/70 Anderlecht
(BEL)
3 - 1 Arsenal
(ENG)
Parc Astrid,
Brussels
Arsenal
(ENG)
3 - 0 Anderlecht
(BEL)
Arsenal Stadium,
London
Arsenal won 4-3 on aggregate
1968/69 Newcastle United
(ENG)
3 - 0 Ujpest
(HUN)
St. James' Park,
Newcastle
Ujpest
(HUN)
2 - 3 Newcastle United
(ENG)
Dozsa Stadium,
Budapest
Newcastle United won 6-2 on aggregate
1967/68 Leeds United
(ENG)
1 - 0 Ferencvaros
(HUN)
Elland Road,
Leeds
Ferencvaros
(HUN)
0 - 0 Leeds United
(ENG)
Nepstadion,
Budapest
Leeds United won 1-0 on aggregate
1966/67 Dinamo Zagreb
(YUG)
2 - 0 Leeds United
(ENG)
Maksimir,
Zagreb
Leeds United
(ENG)
0 - 0 Dinamo Zagreb
(YUG)
Elland Road,
Leeds
Dinamo Zagreb won 2-0 on aggregate
1965/66 Barcelona
(ESP)
0 - 1 Real Zaragoza
(ESP)
Camp Nou,
Barcelona
Real Zaragoza
(ESP)
2 - 4
aet
Barcelona
(ESP)
La Romareda,
Zaragoza
Barcelona won 4-3 on aggregate
1964/65 Juventus
(ITA)
0 - 1
Ferencvaros
(HUN)
Stadio Comunale,
Turin
Single match played
1963/64 Real Zaragoza
(ESP)
2 - 1 Valencia
(ESP)
Camp Nou,
Barcelona
Single match played
1962/63 Dinamo Zagreb
(YUG)
1 - 2 Valencia
(ESP)
Maksimir,
Zagreb
Valencia
(ESP)
2 - 0 Dinamo Zagreb
(YUG)
Luis Casanova Stadium,
Valencia
Valencia won 4-1 on aggregate
1961/62 Valencia
(ESP)
6 - 2 Barcelona
(ESP)
Luis Casanova Stadium,
Valencia
Barcelona
(ESP)
1 - 1 Valencia
(ESP)
Camp Nou,
Barcelona
Valencia won 7-3 on aggregate
1960/61 Birmingham City
(ENG)
2 - 2 Roma
(ITA)
St. Andrews,
Birmingham
Roma
(ITA)
2 - 0 Birmingham City
(ENG)
Stadio Olimpico,
Rome
Roma won 4-2 on aggregate
1958/60 Birmingham City
(ENG)
0 - 0 Barcelona
(ESP)
St. Andrews,
Birmingham
Barcelona
(ESP)
4 - 1 Birmingham City
(ENG)
Camp Nou,
Barcelona
Barcelona won 4-1 on aggregate
1955/58 London XI
(ENG)
2 - 2 Barcelona
(ESP)
Stamford Bridge,
London
Barcelona
(ESP)
6 - 0 London XI
(ENG)
Camp Nou,
Barcelona
Barcelona won 8-2 on aggregate

aet - after extra time

Performance by nation

</table>

Nation Winners Losing finalists Winning clubs
England England 106Liverpool (3), Leeds United (2), Tottenham Hotspur (2), Arsenal (1), Ipswich Town (1), Newcastle United (1)
Italy Missing image
Flag_of_Italy.png
Italy

106Inter Milan (3), Juventus (3), Parma (2), Napoli (1), Roma (1)
Spain Spain 98Barcelona (3), Valencia (3), Real Madrid (2), Real Zaragoza (1)
GermanyGermany 68Borussia Mönchengladbach (2), Bayer Leverkusen (1), Bayern Munich (1), Eintracht Frankfurt (1), Schalke (1)
Netherlands Netherlands 42Feyenoord (2), Ajax (1), PSV Eindhoven (1)
Sweden Sweden 20IFK Göteborg (2)
Belgium Belgium 13Anderlecht (1)
Hungary Hungary 13Ferencvaros (1)
Portugal Missing image
Portugal_flag_large.png
Portugal

12Porto (1)
Yugoslavia Missing image
Flag_of_SFR_Yugoslavia.png
Yugoslavia

12Dinamo Zagreb (1)
Russia Portugal 10CSKA Moscow (1)
Turkey Turkey 10Galatasaray (1)
France France 04-
Scotland Scotland 02-
Austria Austria 01-

See also

External link

es:Copa de la UEFA fr:Coupe UEFA it:Coppa Uefa nl:UEFA Cup ja:UEFAカップ pl:Puchar UEFA w piłce nożnej sv:UEFA-cupen zh:欧洲联盟杯

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