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Enschede

From Academic Kids

Template:Infobox Dutch municipality 2

Enschede is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands, in the province of Overijssel, in the Twente region. The municipality of Enschede consisted of the city of Enschede until 1935, when the rural municipality of Lonneker, which completely enclosed the city was annexed after the rapid industrial expansion of Enschede, which had begun in the 1860's and involved the building of railways and the digging of the Twentekanaal.

Contents

Population centres

The city of Enschede

History

Enschede was granted city rights in 1325.

The city center of Enschede was destroyed by fire on May 7, 1862. The fire coincided with the start of the growth of the city into a large production center of textiles.

On May 13, 2000, a fireworks factory in Enschede exploded, destroying an entire neighbourhood and killing 23 people, including 4 firemen. This catastrophe is known in the Netherlands as the Vuurwerkramp, Dutch for fireworks disaster.

In 2001 a plebiscite confirmed the proposal of the city council to expand the built-up area into the Usseler Es, an area of some historic (agri-)cultural importance.

On September 30, 2004, two police officers were shot (one deadly) by a German drugdealer.

In 2005 large scale construction and renovation activities in the city center, which had stretched for over a decade, were almost completed.

Economy

The city is a former centre of textile production. When this industry left the area for cheaper production centers in South-East Asia, Enschede became one of the poorest municipalitites in the Netherlands. The biggest challenge of the city is to prevent higher educated (wealthy) citizens from moving to the west (Randstad). Decades of renovation work in the city center have been have been carried out with the goal of making Enschede more attractive to this group. Modern shopping centers and department stores that were until now were only found in much larger cities have been opened. Enschede is host to many yearly festivals and the Old Market Square is often the venue for events, live music and other activities on the weekend. After some hesitation on the part of the city council, Enschede was able to host Roze Zaterdag in the summer of 2004 which was a huge success. This not only gave the local economy a boost, but also drew positive attention to Enschede's gay community, the largest in the east of the Netherlands. In many aspects, Enschede is admittedly trying to present itself as the Amsterdam of the east.

The city is cooperating with the nearby municipalities of Almelo, Borne and Hengelo as Netwerkstad Twente. A governmental plan to merge with Hengelo was discarded by local opposition.

Education

The Universiteit Twente, a university with mostly technical studies, is located in Enschede. It is one of the three technical universities in the Netherlands (besides Delft University of Technology and Eindhoven University of Technology) and there are plans to merge them for cost saving reasons. Because of the lack of female students, the university recently (2002) launched courses in Psychology, Applied Medicine and Biomedical Technology which has equalized the ratio of male and female students somewhat.

Enschede is also home to one of the three campuses of Saxion University (Saxion Hogeschool Enschede), a polytechnical school offering internationally recongnized Bachelors and Masters degrees in a wide range of fields including engineering, economics and health care. The other campuses are located in Deventer and Apeldoorn.

Enschede also has a conservatory and an academy of arts and design.

Transport

Enschede is a terminal station of the NS railway network on the west.

On the east there is a line to Gronau, Germany, with two more stations of the latter are in the Netherlands: "Enschede De Eschmarke" and "Glanerbrug". The line is served by:

See also de:Bild:Dortmund-Gronau-Enschede.gif and railway services in Nordrhein-Westfalen 407 and 412.

Enschede has a regional airport in former air base Twente airport, and is situated at the south-east terminus of the Twentekanaal.

Culture

Enschede is well-known for its local football club, FC Twente. There are several museums in Enschede, among them the Rijksmuseum Twenthe for art, a museum of natural history and a museum dedicated to the history of the textiles industry.

External link

Template:Province Overijssel

de:Enschede en:Enschede fy:Enskede id:Enschede li:Ensjedee nl:Enschede ro:Enschede ru:Энсхеде

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