Rulers of Auvergne

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(Redirected from Count of Auvergne)

This is a list of the various rulers of Auvergne.

In the 7th century Auvergne was disputed between the Franks and Aquitanians. It was later conquered by the Carolingians, and was integrated for a time into the kingdom of Aquitaine. The counts of Auvergne slowly became autonomous. In the 10th century Auverge became a disputed territory between the counts of Poitiers and Toulouse.

In the Middle Ages Auvergne was broken into four feudal domains:

  • the county of Auvergne (created around 980)
  • the Bishopric of Clermont (created at the same time as a sort of counter-power)
  • the dauphinate of Auvergne, which was not formally created until 1302 but was formed around 1155 after a coup; it is sometimes also called the county of Clermont-Ferrand.
  • the duchy of Auvergne, formed from the royal domain of Auvergne in 1360.

Auvergne was integrated in turn into the appanages of Alphonse of Toulouse (1241-1271) and of John of Berry (1360-1416). During the Hundred Years' War Auvergne faced numerous raids and revolts, including the Tuchin Revolt. In 1424 Auvergne passed to the Bourbon dynasty, and in 1531 it passed to Catherine de' Medici before becoming a royal domain.

Contents

Counts of Auvergne

Burgundian dukes of the Roman era

  • Victorius (479-488)
  • Apollonarus (506)
  • Hortensius of Neustria (527)
  • Becco (532)
  • Sigivald (533)
  • Hortensius (534)
  • Evodius ?
  • Georgius ?
  • Britianus ?
  • Firminus (c. 555 or 558, deposed)
  • Sallustus (duke c. 555 or 558-560)
  • Firminus (restored, 560-571)
  • Venerandus (before 585)
  • Nicetius I (duke and count c. 585)
  • Nicetius II (c. 585)
  • Eulalius (duke 585-590)

Frankish counts

Carolingian and French counts

Dauphinate of Auvergne

What is by convenience called the dauphinate of Auvergne was in reality the remnant of the county of Auvergne after the usurpation of count William VII the Young around 1155 by his uncle William VIII the Old.

The young count was able to maintain his status in part of his county, especially Beaumont, Chamaliers, and Montferrand. Some authors have therefore named William VII and his descendants "counts of Clermont" (although this risks confusion with the county of Clermont in Beauvaisais and the episcopal county of Clermont in Auvergne). The majority of authors, however, anticipating the formalization of the dauphinate in 1302, choose to call William VII and his successors the dauphins of Auvergne. Still others, out of convenience, choose to call these successors the "counts-dauphins of Auvergne."

The title of dauphin of Auvergne was derived from William VII's mother, who was the daughter of the dauphin of Viennois, Guigues IV. This meant that William VII's male descendants were usually given "Dauphin" as a second name.

The numbering of the counts-turned-dauphins is complicated. Some authors create a new numbering starting with the first dauphins (even though the dauphinate did not really begin until 1302), others choose to reestablish, beginning with William the Young, the numbering of the viscounts of Clermont who became counts of Auvergne, particularly for the dauphins named Robert. The parallel existence of the usurpers of the county of Auvergne and of the counts-dauphins, who often carried the same first names, also complicates things. To avoid confusion, the numbering system used here is continuous, and "Dauphin" is used as part of the name where applicable.

List of dauphins of Auvergne

Duchy of Auvergne

The duchy of Auvergne was created in 1360 by John II of France, out of the former royal territory of Auvergne, confiscated by Philip II in 1209.

Dukes of Auvergne

fr:Liste des dauphins d'Auvergne fr:Liste des ducs d'Auvergne

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