Philip I, Duke of Burgundy

From Academic Kids

Philip I of Burgundy, also known as Philip of Rouvres (1346November 21 1361) was Duke of Burgundy between 1349 and 1361. Philip was the only son of Philip of Burgundy, heir of Duke Eudes IV, and Joanna, countess of Auvergne and Boulogne. He succeeded his grandfather when he was only three years old.

Philip was the master of an important part of Europe. Besides the Duchy of Burgundy itself and the lands of Auvergne and Boulogne acquired through his mother, as well as his grandmother's inheritance of counties of Artois and Burgundy (province of Franche-Comté) (-these were lands he directly held, in his own right), the marriage with Margaret of Dampierre, Heiress of Flanders in 1357 had brought a future promise of the estates of Flanders, Nevers, and Rethel, Antwerp, Brabant, and Limburg into his hands. However, Philip fell sick with the plague and died in 1361, before he could consummate his marriage to his second cousin Margaret (at his death, he was 15 years old). With no sons, brothers, or cousins, his estate was divided between king John II of France and John of Boulogne, a great-uncle and Marguerite, a great-aunt. Despite the attempts of King Charles II of Navarre to overtake the Duchy of Burgundy, the settlement of the inheritance was peaceful. Later in 1364, John of France gave Burgundy to his son Philip of Valois.

John of Boulogne and Auvergne, a maternal great-uncle, inherited Boulogne and Auvergne, estates Philip inherited from his mother Jeanne.

Margaret, Dowager Countess of Flanders, Philip's grand-aunt, inherited Artois and Franche-Comté (County Palatine of Burgundy) as next heir, because she was younger sister of Philip's paternal grandmother Joan Countess of Artois and Burgundy, both daughters of Joan of Chalon, Artois, and Burgundy, from her marriage with King Philip V of France. She was grandmother of Philip's child-bride Margaret of Flanders, and later, in the 1380s, these counties were inherited by Margaret who thus became possessor of those estates held by her first husband thirty years earlier.

The Duchy of Burgundy would have gone to Charles II of Navarre according to primogeniture, but went to John II of France according to proximity of blood.

Charles II of Navarre was grandson and heir to Margaret of Burgundy, eldest daughter of Duke Robert II of Burgundy. John II of France was son and heir to Joan of Burgundy, second daughter of Duke Robert II of Burgundy. John was first cousin of Philip's father, whereas Charles was son of a first cousin of Philip's father, i.e a second cousin himself. Charles' mother Joan had died already 1349.

John's practical position was helped by his being the stepfather of the young duke, having been married to the widowed Joan of Auvergne, and having in that position already participated in administration of the Duchy. The King of Navarre was somewhat despised by many French, after his English alliances during the first decade of the Hundred Years' War (1337 - 1453).

See also: Dukes of Burgundy family treeList of youngsters in history

Preceded by:
Eudes IV
Duke of Burgundy
Succeeded by:
Philip II
Preceded by:
Joanna I and John I
Count of Boulogne
Succeeded by:
John II

Template:End boxde:Philipp I. (Burgund) fr:Philippe Ier de Bourgogne pt:Filipe I, Duque da Borgonha


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