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Erlangen

From Academic Kids

Coat of Arms Map
Missing image
Erlangen-Position.png
Map of Germany showing Erlangen
Statistics
State: Bavaria
Regierungsbezirk: Mittelfranken
District: Independent city
Area: 76.84 km²
Population: 102,612(12/31/2002)
Population density: 1,330/km²
Elevation: 290 m
Postal code: 91001-91058 (old: 8520)
Area/distance code: 091-31
Location: Template:Coor dm
Municipal code: 09562000
Car designation:
Arrangement of the city: 20 districts
Address of the city administration: 1 Rathausplatz
Erlangen 91052
Website: www.erlangen.de
Politics
Mayor: Dr. Siegfried Balleis

Erlangen is a German city in Middle Franconia. It is located at the estuary of the Untere Schwabach into the Regnitz. Erlangen has more than 100,000 inhabitants.

Erlangen is today dominated by its university and the numerous branch offices of the Siemens AG, as well as a large Institute of the Fraunhofer Society. An event still influencing the city is the settlement of Huguenots after the withdrawal of the Edict of Nantes in 1685.

Contents

History

Erlangen is first mentioned officially in 1002 under the name of "villa erlangon". In 1361, the village is sold to Emperor Karl IV. Three years later, a city is built close to the village, which in 1374 gets its own coining station. In 1398, the municipal rights are confirmed. In 1402, the city is vested to the Hohenzollern as part of the principiality of Brandenburg-Kulmbach (from 1603 on Bayreuth), staying under their rule until 1806. Erlangen is the capital of the so-called "Low County" (Unterland) of the principiality, encompassing the area until Neustadt an der Aisch and separated from the "High County" (Oberland) by a land corridor. After a four-year French occupation, it finally becomes part of the Kingdom of Bavaria, together with the Bayreuth prinicipiality.

While being part of the Bayreuth county, the first French Huguenot refugees arrive in Erlangen in 1686. The Bayreuth count Christian Ernst builds a "new town" (Neustadt) for them. In 1706, the old town (just below where every year the Bergkirchweih takes place) is almost completely destroyed by a fire, but soon rebuilt. In 1812, old and new city are finally merged into a single town.

In 1742, the count Friedrich of Bayreuth founds a university for the residency town Bayreuth, but due to the rebelliousness of the local students, the university is transferred to Erlangen. Only later it obtains the name of "Friedrich-Alexander-University" and becomes a Prussian state university. Famous students of these times were Johann Ludwig Tieck and Wilhelm Heinrich Wackenroder.

Already during the Bavarian municipal reform of 1818, the city is endowed with an own administration. In 1862, the canton administration Erlangen is founded, from which later on arises the administrative district Erlangen. In 1972, this district is merged with the administrative district Höchstadt. Erlangen becomes the capital of this newly founded district Erlangen-Höchstadt. During this municipal reform, Erlangen is effectively enlarged considerably, so that in 1974, it exceeds 100,000 inhabitants.

University

The University of Erlangen (http://www.uni-erlangen.org)(Friedrich-Alexander-Universität) had been founded in 1742 by margrave Friedrich of Brandenburg-Bayreuth in the residence Bayreuth, but was relocated to Erlangen the next year. Today, it features 11 departments (German "Fakultäten"), 2 of which (economics and education) are located in Nuremberg. About 24,000 students study at this university, of which about 20,000 in Erlangen.

Bergkirchweih

The Bergkirchweih is an annual beer festival similar to the Oktoberfest in Munich, but smaller in scope. It takes place during twelve days before and after Pentecost and draws more than one million visitors each year.
American soldiers from the former Ferris Barracks in Erlangen called it the "Strawberry Fest".

Districts


Historical population

Year Population
1495 292
1630 550
1752 7,939
1830 9,800
December 1, 1871¹ 12,500
Decemebr 1, 1890¹ 17,559
December 1, 1900¹ 22,953
December 1, 1910¹ 24,877
June 16, 1925¹ 29,597
June 16, 1933¹ 32,348
May 17, 1939¹ 35,964
September 13, 1950¹ 50,690
June 16, 1961¹ 69,552
May 27, 1970¹ 84,110
June 20, 1975 100,700
June 30, 1980 100,900
June 30, 1985 100,000
May 27, 1987¹ 99,808
June 30, 1997 100,700
December 31 1997 100,330
December 31, 1998 100,775
December 31, 1999 100,750
December 31, 2000 100,778
December 31, 2001 101,912
December 31, 2002 102,198

Historical mayors of Erlangen

International Relations

Twin Cities

Erlangen has twinned itself with:

Further partnerships

External Links


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Germany | German districts | Rural and urban districts in Bavaria

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