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Augsburg

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Coat of arms Map
Map of Germany showing Augsburg
Statistics
State: Bavaria
Regierungsbezirk: Swabia
District: Independent city
Area: 146.78 km²
Population: 275,912 (May 2004)
Population density: 1,880/km²
Elevation: 489 m
Postal code: 86000-86199 (old: 8900)
Area/distance code: 0821
Location: Template:Coor dm
Municipal code: 0976100
Car designation: A
Arrangement of the city: 17 Districts
Address of the city administration: Maximilianstraße 5
86150 Augsburg
Website: www.augsburg.de

Augsburg is a city in south central Germany. It is the capital of the Swabia (Schwaben) region of Bavaria (Bayern), and is located at the confluence of the Wertach and Lech rivers. Population: 276,193 (2004).

Contents

Districts

There are 17 districts Stadteile in Augsburg:

  • Innenstadt
  • Antonsviertel
  • Bärenkeller
  • Bergheim (includes Neubergheim, Wellenburg, Radegundis and Fuchssiedlung)
  • Firnhaberau
  • Göggingen mit Schafweidsiedlung
  • Hammerschmiede
  • Haunstetten-Siebenbrunn (Meringerau)
  • Herrenbach-Spickel
  • Hochfeld
  • Hochzoll
  • Inningen
  • Kriegshaber
  • Lechhausen
  • Oberhausen
  • Pfersee
  • Universitätsviertel

History

The city was founded in 15 BC in the reign of Roman emperor Augustus as a garrison called Augusta Vindelicorum.

It became an Imperial Free City on March 9, 1276. Given its strategic location on the trade routes to Italy, it became a major trading centre. It produced large quantities of woven goods, cloth and textiles, and was the base for the Fugger banking empire. The Fuggerei, part of the city devoted to housing for the needy citizens of Augsburg, was founded in 1516 and is still in use today.

In 1530 the Augsburg confession was presented to the Holy Roman Emperor at the Diet of Augsburg. In 1805, when the Holy Roman Empire was dissolved, Augsburg lost its independence and became part of the kingdom of Bavaria.

In 1941 Rudolf Hess took off from a local airport and flew to Scotland to meet the Duke of Hamilton and attempt to mediate the end of the European front of World War 2 and join sides for the upcoming Russian Campaign.

In 1945 elements of the US Army liberated the heavily damaged city. An American Military presence in the city started with the 11th Airborne division, moving to the 24th Infantry Division, US Army Seventh Corps Artillery, and, ending with the 66th Military Intelligence Brigade, which left the area in 1998

Incorporations

Year Municipality Area
July 1, 1910 Meringerau 9.5 km²
January 1, 1911 Pfarsee 3.5 km²
January 1, 1911 Oberhausen 8.6 km²
January 1, 1913 Lechhausen 27.9 km²
January 1, 1913 Hochzoll 4.4 km²
April 1, 1916 Kriegshaber 59,000 m²
July 1, 1972 Göggingen
July 1, 1972 Haunstetten
July 1, 1972 Inningen

Historical population development:

Year Population
1635 16,432
1645 19,960
1806 26,200
1830 29,019
December 1, 1871 ¹ 51,220
December 1, 1890 ¹ 75,629
December 1, 1900 ¹ 89,109
December 1, 1910 ¹ 102,487
June 16, 1925 ¹ 165,522
June 16, 1933 ¹ 176,575
May 17, 1939 ¹ 185,369
September 13, 1950 ¹ 185,183
June 6, 1961 ¹ 208,659
May 27, 1970 ¹ 211,566
June 30, 1975 252,000
June 30, 1980 246,600
June 30, 1985 244,200
May 27, 1987 ¹ 242,819
June 30, 1997 257,300
December 31, 2002 259,231

¹ Census result

Partner Cities

Sights

Education

Augsburg is home to the following universities and colleges

Miscellaneous

The patron saint of Augsburg is Saint Afra, who was killed by the Romans at Augsburg in 304. An earlier patroness was Zisa, referenced in the 11th century, feast day September 28th), possibly an early Germanic goddess and originally the consort of Tiwaz.

The White Water Canoeing events for the 1972 Summer Olympics were held on the Lech in Augsburg.

See also : biodiesel, League of Augsburg

On the other hand, the city is home to heavy industry company MAN.

The Augsburg University was founded in 1970.

Notable citizens

  • Paulus Hector Mair, 16th century martial artist.
  • Jakob Fugger Noted banker and financial broker (1459-1525). Area within the city, called the Fuggerei was set aside for the poor and needy. Founded in 1519.

See also

  • Augsburg College A private Lutheran College in the United States that takes its name from the City of Augsburg.

External links

Sites in German:


Flag of Bavaria

Germany | German districts | Rural and urban districts in Bavaria

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