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Berchtesgadener Land

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Berchtesgadener Land
Statistics
State:Bavaria
Capital:Bad Reichenhall
Adm. Region:Oberbayern
Area:840 km²
Inhabitants:99,800 (2001)
pop. density:119 inh./km²
Car identification:BGL
Homepage:berchtesgadener-land.de (http://www.berchtesgadener-land.de)
Map
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Map of Bavaria highlighting the district Berchtesgadener Land

Berchtesgadener Land is a district in Bavaria, Germany. It is bounded by the district of Traunstein and by Austria.

Contents

History

The alpine regions of the south were Bavarian territory from medieval times on. In the 11th and 12th centuries many villages were founded in the mountains, one of those settlements was Berchtesgaden.

The northern portions on the Salzach River belonged to the bishopric principality of Salzburg. This state existend until the early 19th century and was a buffer state between Bavaria and Austria. In 1816 it was divided along the Salzach line and shared out between Bavaria and Austria. The western half is today part of the district of Berchtesgadener Land.

The district was established in 1972 by merging the former districts of Berchtesgaden and Laufen and the city of Bad Reichenhall.

Geography

This district comprises the southeastern tip of Bavaria. It consists of a high alpine countryside in the south, with mountains rising to more than 2500 m, and of a strip along the Salzach River. The city of Salzburg (Austria) is located on the opposite side of the Salzach, across from the town of Freilassing.

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Berchtesgadener Land

The very south is occupied by the Berchtesgaden National Park (210 km²) comprising the Watzmann massif (2713 m) and the Königssee, a lake of 5.2 km² surrounded by majestic mountains.

Coat of arms

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Coat of arms

The coat of arms displays:
  • the heraldic lion of Salzburg representing the northern portions, that once belonged to the sphere of influence of Salzburg
  • the keys of Saint Peter, who is the patron saint of the provosty of Berchtesgaden
  • the blue and white pattern of Bavaria

Towns and municipalities

Towns Municipalities
  1. Bad Reichenhall
  2. Freilassing
  3. Laufen
  1. Ainring
  2. Anger
  3. Bayerisch Gmain
  4. Berchtesgaden
  5. Bischofswiesen
  6. Marktschellenberg

  1. Piding
  2. Ramsau
  3. Saaldorf-Surheim
  4. Schneizlreuth
  5. Schönau
  6. Teisendorf

External links


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de:Landkreis Berchtesgadener Land
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