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Rennes

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Missing image
Parlement_de_Bretagne_DSC08926.jpg
The Parlement de Bretagne (Parliament of Brittany), the most famous building in Rennes, was rebuilt after a terrible fire in 1994. It houses the Rennes court of appeal.

Rennes (Gallo: Resnn, Breton: Roazhon) is a city of northwestern France, in the east of Brittany. Rennes is the capital of the Bretagne région, as well as the préfecture of the Ille-et-Vilaine département.

Population of the city (commune) of Rennes at the 1999 census was 206,229 inhabitants (209,100 inhabitants as of February 2004 estimates). Population of the whole metropolitan area (French: aire urbaine) at the 1999 census was 521,188 inhabitants, ranking twelfth in France.

Contents

Administration

The current mayor of Rennes is Edmond Hervé, who has been in power since 1977, when he replaced Henri Fréville.

Geography

The town is built on a hill, with the north side being more elevated than the south side. It is at the meeting point of two rivers: the Ille and the Vilaine (hence the name of the département Ille-et-Vilaine).

History

See separate article History of Rennes.

Economy

Local industries include car manufacturing and telecommunications. Citroën, currently the largest employer of the population of Rennes, opened a manufacturing plant at Rennes La Janais in 1961 to manufacture the Ami.

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Rennes_old_houses_DSC08918.jpg
Some medieval houses, such as these ones, can still be found in the center of Rennes.

Rennes is also one of 9 Technopoles in France that were established in an effort to stimulate the economies of regions other than Paris during the Aménagement du territoire.

Culture

Rennes invests heavily in arts and culture and a number of its festivals (such as the music festival Les Transmusicales, les Tombées de la Nuit and le Travelling (a cinematic festival)) are well known throughout France. Since February 14 2005, there has been a local television channel called Rennes TV. Rennes is home to Stade Rennais FC, who play in the French Premier League.

Miscellaneous

Colleges, universities and research facilities

The Rennes agglomeration has a large student population (around 60,000).

The city has two main universities:

  • Université de Rennes 1 [1] (http://www.univ-rennes1.fr/): science, technology, medicine, philosophy, law, management and economics-based centre
  • Université de Rennes 2 [2] (http://www.uhb.fr/): the arts, literature, languages, communication, human and social sciences, sport

The École Normale Supérieure de Cachan has a branch on the Ker Lann campus, just outside Rennes. An École Supérieure for political science (Sciences-Po) is based in Rennes called the Institut d'Etudes Politiques [3] (http://www.rennes.iep.fr) The computer science and applied mathematics research institute IRISA is in the suburbs of Rennes.

Transportation

Rennes has well developed national road, rail and air links and is two hours by TGV train from Paris. Local transport is based primarily on an extensive bus network (38 different lines) and a metro line that was inaugurated in March 2002. The metro line, called the VAL, which cost 500 million Euro to construct, is 9.4 km in length and has 15 stations, including one designed by architect Norman Foster. Rennes is one of the smallest cities in the world to have a Metro.

See also: Rennes Rail Station

Twinned towns

These twinned towns are inscribed on the bridge over the central canal of Rennes:

Broadcasting facilities

External links

br:Roazhon de:Rennes es:Rennes eo:Rennes fr:Rennes nl:Rennes no:Rennes ja:レンヌ pl:Rennes ro:Rennes sv:Rennes

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