Alveolar consonant

From Academic Kids

Places of articulation
Labial
Bilabial
Labiodental
Linguolabial
Labial-velar
Coronal
Interdental
Dental
Retroflex
Alveolar
Postalveolar
Alveolo-palatal
Dorsal
Palatal
Labial-palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epiglottal
Glottal
Apical
Laminal
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Alveolar consonants are articulated with the tongue against or close to the superior alveolar ridge, which is called that because it contains the alveoli (the sockets) of the superior teeth. Alveolar consonants may be articulated with the tip of the tongue (so-called apical consonants), as in English, or with the flat of the tongue just above the tip (the "blade" of the tongue; called laminal consonants), as in French and Spanish. The laminal alveolar articulation is often mistakenly called dental, because the tip of the tongue can be seen near to or touching the teeth. However, it is the rearmost point of contact that defines the place of articulation; this is where the oral cavity ends, and it is the resonant space of the oral cavity that gives consonants and vowels their characteristic timbre.

The alveolar consonants identified by the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) are:

IPA Description Example
Language Orthography IPA Meaning
Image:Xsampa-n.png alveolar nasal English run [] run
Image:Xsampa-t.png voiceless alveolar plosive English tap [] tap
Missing image
Xsampa-d.png
Image:Xsampa-d.png

voiced alveolar plosive English debt [] debt
Image:Xsampa-s.png voiceless alveolar fricative English suit [sut] suit
Missing image
Xsampa-z.png
Image:Xsampa-z.png

voiced alveolar fricative English zoo [zu] zoo
Image:Xsampa-K2.png voiceless alveolar lateral fricative Mishnaic Hebrew ין (śn) [] The letter śn
Image:Xsampa-Kslash.png voiced alveolar lateral fricative Mishnaic Hebrew למד (lāmedh) [] The letter lāmedh
Image:Xsampa-rslash2.png alveolar approximant English red [] red
Image:Xsampa-l.png alveolar lateral approximant English loop [lup] loop
Image:Xsampa-4.png alveolar flap Spanish pero [] but
Image:Xsampa-lslash.png alveolar lateral flap Venda [] to open
Missing image
Xsampa-r.png
Image:Xsampa-r.png

alveolar trill Spanish perro [pero] dog
Missing image
IPA_alveolar_ejective.png
Image:IPA alveolar ejective.png

alveolar ejective
Missing image
IPA_alveolar_ejective_fricative.png
Image:IPA alveolar ejective fricative.png

alveolar ejective fricative
Image:Xsampa-d lessthan.png voiced alveolar implosive Vietnamese đ [ɗɐː] Past tense indicator
Image:Xsampa-doublebarslash.png lateral alveolar click Nama ǁî [ǁĩĩ] discussed

See also

de:Alveolar fr:Consonne alvéolaire ja:歯茎音 ko:치조음 sv:Alveolar zh:齿龈音

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