Tiefu

From Academic Kids

This article is part of
the Sixteen Kingdoms
series.
16 Kingdoms
Cheng Han
Han Zhao
Later Zhao
Former Liang
Later Liang
Western Liang
Northern Liang
Southern Liang
Former Qin
Later Qin
Western Qin
Former Yan
Later Yan
Northern Yan
Southern Yan
Xia
Not included
in 16 Kingdoms
Wei
Shu
Western Yan
Duan
Yuwen
Chouchi
Dingling

The Tiefu (Simplified Chinese character: 铁弗, Traditional Chinese character: 鐵弗, pinyin: Tiěf) was a pre-state Hunnic tribe during the era of Sixteen Kingdoms in China. Its chieftain Liu Bobo established the state of Xia in 407 and changed his family name into Helian. Although the Xia lasted up to 431, its capital Tongwan was certainly a heavily fortified and state-of-the-art city that would serve as a frontier garrison until the Song Dynasty. Its ruins was discovered in Qing Dynasty and can still be seen in present-day Inner Mongolia.

All rulers of the Xia declared themselves "emperors".

Chieftains of the Tiefu and rulers of the Xia

Temple names Posthumous names Family names and given name Durations of reigns Era names and their according durations
Chinese convention: use family name and given name
Chieftains of the Tiefu
Did not exist Did not exist 劉去卑 Li Qbēi mid 3rd century Did not exist
Did not exist Did not exist 劉誥升爰 Li Goshēngyun mid 3rd century - late 3rd century Did not exist
Did not exist Did not exist 劉虎 Li Hǔ early 4th century (309?) - 341 Did not exist
Did not exist Did not exist 劉務恒 Li Whng 341-356 Did not exist
Did not exist Did not exist 劉閼陋頭 Li lutu 356-358 Did not exist
Did not exist Did not exist 劉悉勿祈 Li Xīwq 358-359 Did not exist
Did not exist Did not exist 劉衛辰 Li Wichn 359-391 Did not exist
Did not exist Did not exist 劉勃勃 Li Bb 391-407 Did not exist
Rulers of the Xia
Shizu (世祖 Shzǔ) Wulie (武烈 Wǔli) 赫連勃勃 Hlin Bb 407-425 Longsheng (龍升 Lngshēng) 407-413
Fengxiang (鳳翔 Fngxing) 413-418
Changwu (昌武 Chāngwǔ) 418-419
Zhenxing (真興 Zhēnxīng) 419-425
Did not exist Did not exist 赫連昌 Hlin Chāng 425-428 Chengguang (承光 Chngguāng) 425-428
Did not exist Did not exist 赫連定 Hlin Dng 428-431 Shengguang (勝光 Shngguāng) 428-431

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