Ptolemaic dynasty

The dynastic history of Ptolemaic Egypt is very confusing, because all the male rulers of the dynasty took the name Ptolemy, and because many of them married their sisters, who were often called Cleopatra, Arsinoe or Berenice. The most famous member of the line was the last Ptolemaic queen, Cleopatra VII.
Contents 
Ptolemaic rulers and consorts
The dates in brackets are regnal dates for the kings. They frequently ruled jointly with their wives, who were often also their sisters. Several queens exercised regal authority, but the most famous and successful was Cleopatra VII (51 BC30 BC), with her two brothers and her son as successive nominal corulers. Several systems exist for numbering the later rulers; the one used here is the one most widely used by modern scholars.
 Ptolemy I Soter (305 BC282 BC) married Eurydice, then Berenice I
 Ptolemy II Philadelphos (284 BC246 BC) married Arsinoe I, then Arsinoe II Philadelphos; ruled jointly with Ptolemy the Son (267 BC259 BC)
 Ptolemy III Euergetes I (246 BC222 BC) married Berenice II
 Ptolemy IV Philopator (222 BC204 BC) married Arsinoe III
 Ptolemy V Epiphanes (204 BC180 BC) married Cleopatra I
 Ptolemy VI Philometor (180 BC164 BC, 163 BC145 BC) married Cleopatra II, briefly ruled jointly with Ptolemy Eupator in 152 BC
 Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator (never reigned)
 Ptolemy VIII (170 BC163 BC, 145 BC116 BC) Euergetes II (Physcon) married Cleopatra II then Cleopatra III; temporarily expelled from Alexandria by Cleopatra II between 131 BC and 127 BC, reconciled with her in 124 BC.
 Cleopatra II (131 BC127 BC) Philometora Soteira, in opposition to Ptolemy VIII
 Cleopatra III Philometor Soteira Dikaiosyne Nikephoros (Kokke) (116 BC101 BC) ruled jointly with Ptolemy IX (116 BC107 BC) and Ptolemy X (107 BC101 BC)
 Ptolemy IX Philometor Soter II (Lathyros) (116 BC107 BC, 88 BC81 BC) married Cleopatra IV then Cleopatra Selene; ruled jointly with Cleopatra III in his first reign
 Ptolemy X Alexander I (107 BC88 BC) married Cleopatra Selene then Berenice III; ruled jointly with Cleopatra III till 101 BC
 Berenice III Philopator (81 BC80 BC)
 Ptolemy XI Alexander II (80 BC) married and ruled jointly with Berenice III before murdering her; ruled alone for 19 days after that.
 Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos (Auletes) (80 BC58 BC, 55 BC51 BC) married Cleopatra V
 Cleopatra V Tryphaena (58 BC57 BC) ruled jointly with Berenice IV Epiphaneia (58 BC55 BC)
 Cleopatra VII Thea Neotera (51 BC30 BC) ruled jointly with Ptolemy XIII (51 BC47 BC), Ptolemy XIV (47 BC44 BC) and Ptolemy XV Caesarion (44 BC30 BC).
 Arsinoe IV (48 BC47 BC) in opposition to Cleopatra VII
See also
Ancient Egypt Clipart and Pictures
 Ancient Egypt Architecture (http://classroomclipart.com/cgibin/kids/imageFolio.cgi?direct=History/Ancient_Civilizations/Ancient_Egypt/Architecture)
 Ancient Egypt Art (http://classroomclipart.com/cgibin/kids/imageFolio.cgi?direct=History/Ancient_Civilizations/Ancient_Egypt/Art)
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 Ancient Egypt Architecture (http://classroomclipart.com/cgibin/kids/imageFolio.cgi?direct=History/Ancient_Civilizations/Ancient_Egypt/Commerce)
 Ancient Egypt Daily Life (http://classroomclipart.com/cgibin/kids/imageFolio.cgi?direct=History/Ancient_Civilizations/Ancient_Egypt/Daily_Life)
 Ancient Egypt Games and Toys (http://classroomclipart.com/cgibin/kids/imageFolio.cgi?direct=History/Ancient_Civilizations/Ancient_Egypt/Games_and_Toys)
 Ancient Egypt Hieroglyphs (http://classroomclipart.com/cgibin/kids/imageFolio.cgi?direct=History/Ancient_Civilizations/Ancient_Egypt/Hieroglyphs)
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 Ancient Egypt Illustrations (http://classroomclipart.com/cgibin/kids/imageFolio.cgi?direct=History/Ancient_Civilizations/Ancient_Egypt/Illustrations)
 Ancient Egypt Mummies (http://classroomclipart.com/cgibin/kids/imageFolio.cgi?direct=History/Ancient_Civilizations/Ancient_Egypt/Mummies)
 Ancient Egypt Musical Instruments (http://classroomclipart.com/cgibin/kids/imageFolio.cgi?direct=History/Ancient_Civilizations/Ancient_Egypt/Musical_Instruments)
 Ancient Egypt Pyramids (http://classroomclipart.com/cgibin/kids/imageFolio.cgi?direct=History/Ancient_Civilizations/Ancient_Egypt/Pyramids)
 Ancient Egypt Religion (http://classroomclipart.com/cgibin/kids/imageFolio.cgi?direct=History/Ancient_Civilizations/Ancient_Egypt/Religion)
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 Ancient Egypt Transportation (http://classroomclipart.com/cgibin/kids/imageFolio.cgi?direct=History/Ancient_Civilizations/Ancient_Egypt/Transportation)
 Ancient War and Armies (http://classroomclipart.com/cgibin/kids/imageFolio.cgi?direct=History/Ancient_Civilizations/Ancient_Egypt/War_and_Armies)
External links
 Ptolemaic Dynasty (http://www.tyndale.cam.ac.uk/Egypt/ptolemies/ptolemies.htm)