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Kansai

From Academic Kids

Kinki region, Japan

The Kansai region (関西) of Japan, also known as the Kinki region (近畿地方; Kinki-chihō), lies in the middle of Japan's main island, Honshu.

The Ki (畿) in Kinki is also read in Japanese as miyako meaning capital. It stems from the fact that up until the Edo era Japan's capital was located in this region.

The Kansai region includes the prefectures of Nara, Wakayama, Mie, Kyoto, Osaka, Hyogo, and Shiga. The Kansai region is often compared (yet more often contrasted) with the Kanto region, which lies to the east and is comprised primarily of Tokyo and the surrounding area.

Whereas the Kanto region is symbolic of standardization throughout Japan (from the government to economics to the language), the Kansai region displays many more idiosyncrasies through the culture in Kyoto, the merchantilism of Osaka, the history of Nara, the internationality of Kobe, and the distinct dialect (Kansai-ben) heard through the seven prefectures.

Contents

History

Kinai (畿内) is a historical region of Japan. Its name literally means "inside the capital." It consisted of the following five provinces: Yamato, Yamashiro, Kawachi, Settsu and Izumi.

Kinki (近畿) literally stands for "the neigbourhood of the capital". Kansai (関西) which literally means "west of the checkpoints", whose location moved eastward through the history. Multiple definitions of the area of Kinki and Kansai partially come from the ambiguity of the neighbourhood and relocation of the checkpoints.

Dialect

The dialects of the people of the Kansai region, called Kansai-ben in Japanese, could be compared to the Boston or New England accent in contrast with the more typical United States English accent. They have their own variations of pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar which are unique to the region. There is also considerable dialectal variation within Kansai itself, so sometimes several dialects such as Osaka-ben and Kyoto-ben are recognized. Kansai-ben is a term referring to the group of dialects spoken in Kansai.

Some Japanese feel that Kansai people speak in a very stern and direct tone, and that it sounds menacing, and almost angry. On the other hand, there are many famous Japanese comedians from Kansai, presumably because some Japanese find their way of talking to be very funny, even when talking about serious things. They also have their own words, such as ōkini (おおきに), which means "thanks".

This dialect is especially strong in cities such as Osaka, Kyoto, and Otsu.

Universities in the Kansai Area

Airports

The region has three major airports:

There are three minor airports:

See also

External links

ar:منطقة كانسائي

de:Kansai es:Regin de Kinki eo:Kansajo fr:Rgion du Kansai ko:긴키 지방 ka:კანსაი ja:近畿地方 pt:Kansai zh:近畿

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