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Kyushu region, Japan

Kyūshū (九州) is the third largest island of Japan and most southerly and westerly of the four main islands. It is considered the birthplace of the Japanese civilization. Its alternate ancient names include Kyūkoku (九国), Chinzei (鎮西), and Tsukushi-shima (筑紫島). The ancient region Saikaido consists of Kyushu and its surrounding islands.

Population: 13.44 million (1995). Area: 35,640 km².

The island is mountainous, and Japan's largest active volcano, Aso at 1,592 m, is on Kyushu. There are many other signs of tectonic activity, including numerous areas of hot springs. The most famous of these are in Beppu, in the North East, and Aso, in central Kyushu.

The Kyushu region (九州地方, Kyūshū-chihō) includes the seven prefectures on Kyushu - Fukuoka, Kagoshima, Kumamoto, Miyazaki, Nagasaki, Oita, and Saga - together with outlying Okinawa.

The major city on the island is Fukuoka - a port and major centre for heavy industry. Kitakyushu and Omuta are also industrial centres. Nagasaki is the main port.

Parts of Kyushu have a subtropical climate, particularly the Miyazaki and Kagoshima regions. Major agricultural products are rice, tea, tobacco, sweet potatoes, and soy; silk is also widely produced. The island is noted for various types of porcelain e.g. Arita, Agano, Satsuma and Hizen. Heavy industry is concentrated in the north around Kitakyushu and Oita and includes chemicals and metal processing.

The name Kyushu literally means nine (九) provinces (州) and gets its meaning from the nine ancient provinces that once made up the island. These were Chikuzen, Chikugo, Hizen, Higo, Buzen, Bungo, Hyuga, Satsuma, and Osumi. The central government, behind the Meiji Emperor, in 1871 abolished this and the feudal system of government and established prefectures (Haihan Chiken) in their place.

Kyushu has many large cities - the largest of which is Fukuoka, Japan's eighth largest city. Following it is Kitakyushu, Japan's ninth most populous city, and also Nagasaki, the second site of the atomic bomb which closed World War II in 1945.

Kyushu was the home to the oldest person in the world, Kamato Hongo and also the oldest man Yukichi Chuganji.

Universities in Kyushu include: Kurume University, Kyushu University [1] (, Nagasaki University, Kumamoto University, Kagoshima University, Oita University, Miyazaki University, Kyushu Institute of Technology, The University of Kitakyushu.

See also


cs:Kjúšú da:Kyushu de:Kyūshū es:Kyushu eo:Kiuŝuo fr:Kyūshū ko:규슈 hr:Kyushu id:Kyushu it:Kyūshū ka:კიუსიუ (რეგიონი) la:Ciusium lt:Kiūšiū nl:Kyushu ja:九州 no:Kyushu pl:Kiusiu pt:Kyushu sr:Кјушу fi:Kyushu sv:Kyushu zh:九州 (日本)

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