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Common phrases in various languages

From Academic Kids

Here is a list of common phrases in various languages.

It is possible for tourists in a country whose language they do not understand to get along with a surprisingly short list of phrases, combined with pointing, miming, and writing down numbers on paper.

You are invited to add more languages to the list. Please use the minimum number of words that would be understandable and put the pronunciation in slashes according to IPA transcription if possible. If desired, also add a pseudo-English pronunciation guide for those not familiar with IPA. However, actual pronunciations of the pseudo-English spellings will vary from speaker to speaker. Enclose the "pronunciation guide" in parentheses, separate syllables with dashes, use English words that sound like the syllables if possible, and render the stressed syllable in ALL CAPS.

The language family of every language is listed in parentheses.

See also Common phrases in constructed languages.

Contents

1.1 English (Germanic)
1.2 Afrikaans (Germanic)
1.3 Albanian (Albanian)
1.4 Arabic (Semitic)
1.5 Bangla language (Indo-Aryan)
1.6 Basque
1.7 Belarusian (Slavic)
1.8 Bosnian (Slavic)
1.9 Breton (Celtic)
1.10 Bulgarian (Slavic)
1.11 Catalan (Romance)
1.12 Chinese, Cantonese (Sinitic)
1.13 Chinese, Mandarin (Sinitic)

1.14 Chinese, Shanghainese (Sinitic)
1.15 Chinese, Taiwanese (Sinitic)
1.16 Croatian (Slavic)
1.17 Czech (Slavic)
1.18 Danish (Germanic)

1.19 Dutch (Germanic)
1.20 Englisc (Old English) (Germanic)

1.21 Esperanto (International Auxiliary Language)
1.22 Estonian (Finno-Ugric)
1.23 Finnish (Finno-Ugric)
1.24 French (Romance)
1.25 Frisian (Germanic)
1.26 Friulian (Romance)
1.27 Georgian (Caucasian)
1.28 German (Germanic)
1.29 Greek (Greek)
1.30 Haitian Creole (Romance)
1.31 Hawaiian (Malayo-Polynesian)
1.32 Hebrew (Semitic)
1.33 Hindi (Indo-Iranian)
1.34 Hungarian (Finno-Ugric)
1.35 Icelandic (Germanic)
1.36 Indonesian (Malayo-Polynesian)
1.37 Irish (Celtic)
1.38 Italian (Romance)
1.39 Japanese
1.40 Kannada (Dravidian)
1.41 Khmer
1.42 Korean
1.43 Latin (Italic)
1.44 Latvian (Baltic)
1.45 Lithuanian (Baltic)
1.46 Low Saxon (Germanic)
1.47 Macedonian (Slavic)
1.48 Maltese (Semitic)
1.49 Malay (Malayo-Polynesian)
1.50 Maori (Malayo-Polynesian)
1.51 Malayalam (Dravidian languages)
1.52 Marathi (Indo-Iranian)
1.53 Nahuatl (Uto-Aztecan)
1.54 Nigerian pidgin (English-based pidgin)
1.55 Norwegian (Germanic) - Bokml
1.56 Norwegian (Germanic) - Nynorsk
1.57 O'odham (Uto-Aztecan)
1.58 Pennsylvania German, Pennsylvania Dutch (Germanic)
1.59 Polish (Slavic)
1.60 Portuguese (Romance)
1.61 Romanian (Romance)
1.62 Russian (Slavic)
1.63 Sanskrit (Indo-Iranian)
1.64 Sardinian (Romance)
1.65 Scots (Germanic)
1.66 Scottish Gaelic (Celtic)
1.67 Serbian (Slavic)
1.68 Slovak (Slavic)
1.69 Slovene (Slavic)
1.70 Spanish (Romance)
1.71 Swahili (Bantu)
1.72 Swedish (Germanic)
1.73 Tagalog / Filipino (Malayo-Polynesian)
1.74 Tamil (Dravidian)
1.75 Tatar (Turkic)
1.76 Telugu (Dravidian)
1.77 Tok Pisin (Neo-Melanesian English creole)
1.78 Turkish (Turkic)
1.79 Ukrainian (Slavic)
1.80 Vietnamese (Austroasiatic)

Examples

English (Germanic)

As a sample, here's English, according to British Received Pronunciation, followed by American English/Standard American English, if different:

Translation Phrase IPA
English English
hello hello UK

US

good-bye good-bye
please please
thank you: thank you
sorry sorry UK

US

that one that one
how much? how much
yes yes
no no UK
US
I don't understand I don't understand UK
US
Where's the bathroom? Where's the bathroom UK
US
generic toast Bottoms up! UK
US
Do you speak English? Do you speak English?

Afrikaans (Germanic)

Translation Phrase IPA
Afrikaans Afrikaans
hello hallo
How are you? hoe gaan dit?
good day goeie dag
good morning goeie more
good-bye totsiens
please asseblief
thank you dankie
sorry dit spyt my
that one daardie
how much? hoeveel
yes ja
no nee
I don't understand ek verstaan nie
Where's the bathroom? waar is die toilet
generic toast gesondheid!
English Engels

Albanian (Albanian)

Translation Phrase IPA Pronunciation Sound
Albanian shqip (shkEEp) (listen)
hello tungjatjeta (abbrev. tung) (tUhn-ngIAt-IEta) (listen)
good-bye mirupafshim (mEEr-Uh-oA-fshEEm) (listen)
please ju lutem (iU LU-tehm) (listen)
thank you faleminderit (fAh-leh-mEE-nde-rEEt) (listen)
that one at (ATEH) (listen)
how much? sa sht? (sAh ush-te) (listen)
English anglisht (ahn-GLEE-sht) (listen)
yes po (POE) (listen)
no jo (IOH) (listen)
sorry m fal (mUh FAL) (listen)
I don't understand nuk kuptoj (nUhk KUP-toi) (listen)
where's the bathroom? ku sht banjoja? (kuh ush-tEh bA-nio-jA) (listen)
generic toast gzuar (gUh-zuh-ar) (listen)
Do you speak English? flisni Anglisht? (flee-snEE ahn-GLEE-sht) (listen)
Note: All the above sounds are in the Ogg Vorbis format.

Arabic (Semitic)

Note that this is relevant only to Modern Standard Arabic and not to the colloquial forms of Arabic spoken in daily life, which vary from place to place. Also, some of the following expressions were written only to suit a male speaker.

Pronunciation guide: Stress in Arabic is most often on the penult syllable (i.e., the one preceding the last).

Translation Phrase IPA Pronunciation
Arabic العربيّة (al-ara'bijja)
Hello مرحبًا (mar'Haba)
Good-bye إلى اللقاء (ila-lli'qa')
Please من فضلك (min 'fad/lak)
Thank you شكرًا ('Sukran)
That one ذلك ('Dalika)
How much? كمْ؟ (kam)
English الإنجليزيّة (formal),
(colloquial)
Yes نعم ('na-am)
No لا (la:)
Where's the bathroom? أين الحمّام؟ (einal-Ham'ma:m)
What is your name? ما إسمك؟ ('ma: 'ismuk)
Goodbye مع السلام (ma-a ssa'la:ma)
I don't know لا أعرف (la: 'aarifu)
I don't understand لا أفهم (la: 'afham)
I don't remember لا أتذكر (la: ata'Dakkar)
Welcome أهلاً وسهلاً بكم ('ahlan wa'sahlan 'bikum)
I am sick أنا مريض ('ana ma'ri:d/)
Hello لسلام عليكم! (assa'la:m aa'lejkum)
Hello (response), how are you? وعليكم السلام! كيف الحال؟ (wa-a'lejkumu ssa'la:m. kejfa lHa:l)
Fine, and you? بخير، الحمد لله. وكيف أنت؟ (bi'xejrin, al'Hamdu lil/'l/ahi. wa'kejfa int)

Bangla language (Indo-Aryan)

Pronunciation guide: Small letter t and d represent unaccented t and d pronunciations as in French. Capital letter T and D represent accented pronunciations in English. 'a' is pronounced as /a/ in 'father'. Small letter 'o' represents /o/ as in 'old'. Capital letter 'O' is /o/ as in 'log'.

Translation Phrase IPA Pronunciation Remarks
hello assalamwalaikum
nOmoshkar
(Muslims)
(Hindus)
good morning suprobhat (not commonly used)
greetings shubhech-chha
how are you? (apni) kemon achhen?
how is it going? ki khobor?
good-bye khoda hafez
nOmoshkar
see you later pOre dekha hObe
talk to you later pOre kOtha hObe
see you again abar dekha hObe
adieu biday
please dOya kore
onugroho purbok

(very formal)
thank you dhonnobad
sorry duk-khito
English ingreji
nice/good bhalo / besh
bad baje
that one oiTa/oTa
how much does this cost? eiTar dam kOto?
how much does that cost? oiTar dam kOto?
what is your name? apnar nam ki?
I can't understand ami bujhte parchhi na
can you help me? apni ki amake shahaj-jo korte paren?
I don't know ami jani na
I don't speak Bangla ami bangla bolte pari na
I don't understand Bangla ami bangla bujhi na
do you speak English? apni ki ingreji bolte paren?
could you repeat what you just said? doya kore abar bolben ki?
doya kore arekbar ektu bolun
yes hai
ji / ji hai
(informal)
(formal)
no na
ji na
(informal)
(formal)
what? ki?
how? kibhabe?

Basque

Translation Phrase IPA
Basque: Euskara
hello: kaixo
good-bye: agur
please: mesedez
thank you: eskerrik asko
that one: hori
how much?: zenbat
yes: bai
no: ez
English: Ingelesa

Belarusian (Slavic)

Translation Phrase IPA Pronunciation
Belarusian Беларускі (bye-lah-ROOH-skee)
hello прывітанне (pree-vee-TAHN-nye)
good-bye да пабачэння (duh puh-buh-CHEN-nyuh)
please калі ласка (kuh-LEE LUS-kuh)
thank you дзякуй (DZYUH-kooy)
sorry выбачайце (vee-buh-CHUY-tsye)
that one той, тая, тое (TOY, TUY-uh, TOY-eh)
how much? колькі? (KOL-kee)
yes так (TUHK)
no не (NYE)
I don't understand Не разумею (nye ruh-zoo-MEY-ooh)
where's the bathroom? дзе туалет? (dzye too-uh-LET)
generic toast за здароуе (zuh zduh-ROW-yeh)
Do you speak English? Ці размауляеце па-англійску? (tsee ruz-muw-LYUY-et-eh puh un-GLEE-skoo)

Bosnian (Slavic)

Translation Phrase IPA Pronunciation Remarks
Bosnian bosanski
hello zdravo, merhaba, selam
good-bye doviđenja, alahimanet
please molim
thank you hvala
sorry oprostite
that one to, taj
how much koliko?
English engleski
yes da
no ne
I don't understand ne razumijem
Where is the bathroom gdje je WC?
generic toast na zdravlje (to our health)
Do you speak English govorite li engleski?

Breton (Celtic)

Translation Phrase IPA
Breton: Breton
hello: salud
good-bye: kenavo
please: mar plij
thank you: trugarez
sorry: digarez
that one: hennezh
how much?: pegement
yes: ya
no: nann
I don't understand: Ne gomprenan ket
Where's the bathroom?: Pelec'h ema ar sal dour ?
generic toast: yec'hed mat !
Do you speak English?: Kaozeal a rit saozneg?

Bulgarian (Slavic)

Translation Phrase IPA Pronunciation Remarks
hello здравей (zdrvei)
hello здрасти (zdrsti) (informal)
good morning Добро утро (dbro tro)
good day Добър ден (dbŭr den)
good evening Добър вечер (dbŭr včer)
good night Лека нощ (lka not)
goodbye Довиждане (dovidne)
how are you? Как си? (kk si)
I'm fine Добре съм (dbre sŭm)
Where is the toilet? Къде е тоалетната? (k'de e toaltnata?)
all the best Всичко най-хубаво (vsčko nai-hubvo)
regards Поздрави (pozdrav)
thank you Благодаря (blagodari)
happy birthday Честит рожден ден! (čestt rodn den)
Bulgarian language Български език (bŭlgrski ezk)
yes да (da)
no не (ne)
of course разбира се (razbra se)
Please, enter! Влезте, моля! (vlzte mlia) (formal [2nd p. plural])
Enter! Влез! (vlez) (informal [2nd p. singular])

Catalan (Romance)

Translation Phrase IPA
Catalan: Catal
hello: hola
good-bye: adu
please: si us plau
thank you: grcies; mercs
sorry: perd
that one: aquest (m.); aquesta (f.)
how much?: quant val; quant s
yes: s
no: no
I don't understand: No ho entenc
Where's the bathroom?: On s el bany?; on s el labavo?
generic toast: Salut!
Do you speak English?: Que parla angls?
Do you speak Catalan?: Que parla catal?

Chinese, Cantonese (Sinitic)

Note: Cantonese is a tonal language. Pronunciations provided below include numbers indicating tone. Tone 1 is high and level/falling; 2 is medium and rising; 3 is medium and level; 4 is low and falling; 5 is low and rising, 6 is low and level. For more info, see Standard Cantonese. The characters shown are Traditional Chinese characters. Pronunciation is given using Jyutping and IPA.

Translation Phrase Jyutping IPA
Cantonese: 廣東話 gwong2 dung1 waa2
hello 你好 nei5 hou2
good-bye 再見 zoi3 gin3
bye-bye 拜拜 baai1 baai3
please 唔該 m4 goi1
thank you (for gifts) 多謝 do1 ze3
thank you (for services rendered) 唔該 m4 goi1
sorry 對唔住 deoi3 m4 zyu6
this one 呢個 ni1 go3
that one 嗰個 go2 go3
how much? 幾多 gei2 do1
yes hai3
no 唔係 m4 hai3
I don't understand 我唔明白 ngo5 m4 ming4 baak6
Where's the bathroom? 洗手間喺邊度呀? sai2 sau2 gaan1 hai2 bin1 dou6 aa3
Do you speak English? 你識唔識講英文呀? nei5 sik1 m4 sik1 gong2 jing1 man2 aa3

Note: Cantonese, like most of the other Chinese languages, do not actually have words for "yes" and "no." Translations for "yes" and "no" given above actually mean "it is" and "it is not" and can be used for questions asking for confirmation. However, for certain yes/no questions, one would normally respond with the verb or the negation of the verb. For instance, to respond to a question such as "do you want to go?" one would respond with "go" or "not go."

Chinese, Mandarin (Sinitic)

Note || Mandarin Chinese is a tonal language. Tone 1 (e.g. mā) is high and level; 2 (e.g., m) is rising; 3 (e.g., mǎ) is low dipping; 4 (e.g., m) is falling. For more info, see pinyin. Also note that the first set of characters preceding the slashes are in simplified Chinese characters and the ones following the slashes are in traditional characters. If the simplified- and traditional-character versions of a phrase are identical, only one phrase is shown.

Translation Phrase Pinyin IPA Pronunciation Remarks
Mandarin Chinese 普通话 / 普通話 or
国语 / 國語
(pǔtōnghu)
(guyǔ)

(poo-toong-hwa)
(gwo yew)
hello 你好 (n hǎo) (knee-how)
good-bye 再见 / 再見 (zijin) (dzai-jyen)
please 请 / 請 (qǐng) (cheeng)
thank you 谢谢 / 謝謝 (xixie) (shyeh-shyeh)
that one 那个 / 那個 (nige) (nay guh) See Usage Note 1
how much? 多少 (duōshǎo) (dwo shahw)
English 英文 (Yīngwn) (ing one)
yes (sh) (sher as in sherpa) See Usage Note 2
no (b) (boo)
where's the toilet? 厕所在哪里 / 廁所在哪裏 (csuǒ zi nlǐ?) (tsuh swo dzai nah lee?) Not the politest, but you'll get your point across!
generic toast 干杯 / 乾杯 (gān bēi) (gahn bay)

Usage Notes

  1. The second syllable of "nige" is actually a generic measure word; it is replaced by the appropriate measure word for the noun it refers to. You may therefore hear a number of different syllables after the initial ni. In many parts of southern China, ni is also pronounced n.
  2. This actually means "it is" and can only be used in an answer to a question with the verb "to be". Languages like Chinese, Irish, Toki Pona, and Welsh do not have words for "yes" or "no". Instead you repeat the main verb of the question in your answer. However, shaking your head in affirmation or negation works as expected, with the exception of answers to negative questions, in which usage is inverted — answering in the negative to "You don't like him?" would indicate that you do like him.

Chinese, Shanghainese (Sinitic)

Translation Romanization A Romanization B IPA
Shanghainese: Zanhewo (English z) Shanghaieau
please tschin cin
thank you jaja non (French j) jaja non
sorry teiverchi deivecie
that one tzach ze
over there mitach miedag
how much? Cidi? Giedied?
yes h ai
no: mmer, vio mme, vio
home: Ollishan Ogliechan
Where's the bathroom?: Tsisuke laeler litach? Cysougei legle aliedag?
English nven Engven
Do you speak English?: Non nven weiter kanre va? Non Engven weide ganre va?
I love you Wo ei non Au aire non
I adore you: Wo eimor non Au aimor non
I adore you so Wo eimosser non Au aimorsag non
I like you a lot Wo lo hushi non ch Au lo heuchie non e

Unlike Mandarin and Cantonese, Shanghainese actually has the direct "yes" (h/ai) similar to English.

Chinese, Taiwanese (Sinitic)

The Han characters provided below are for reference only. They are not necessarily standard.

Translation Characters Romanization Remarks
Taiwanese 臺灣話 Ti-on-oē, Hō-l-oē
hello 食飽未 ? (literally, Have you eaten yet? Note: This greeting came about at a time when most of Taiwan was in poverty, so to say that one has had enough to eat would be to imply that the person is "doing well".)
goodbye 平安 png-an (literally, Peace, can also be used as a greeting. Note this is primarily Christian usage.)
please 拜託 pi-thok
thank you 多謝 To-siā
that one 彼個 hit-
how much? 若濟 goā choē?
yes
no 唔是
sorry 歹勢
失禮
phiⁿ-s
sit-le
(literally means, embarrassed
(more formal)
I don't understand what is said 我聽無 Go thiaⁿ b
where's the bathroom? 便所佇叨 Piān-s tī toh?
cheers! Hō ta lah! (literally, Let it [the cup/glass] be dry [empty]!)
do you speak English? L km kng Eng-bn?

Croatian (Slavic)

Translation Phrase
Croatian hrvatski
hello bog (bok), dobar dan
good-bye doviđenja
please molim
thank you hvala
that one to, taj
how much koliko?
English engleski
yes da
no ne
generic toast u zdravlje (to your health), živjeli (may you live)
I don't understand Ne razumijem
Where is the bathroom Gdje je WC?
Do you speak English Govorite li engleski?

Czech (Slavic)

Translation Phrase Pronunciation IPA Remarks
Czech Česky CHEHskee
hello dobr den DObree den Literal translation: Good day
good-bye na shledanou na sKHLEdanow Literal translation: Until we see each other again
please prosm PROseem Literal translation: I beg
thank you děkuji vm DYEkooyi vam
that one tamten tamten
how much? kolik KOlik
English anglicky anglytskee
yes ano Sometimes shortened to no (!)
no ne
sorry promiňte Literal translation: Forgive
generic toast Na zdrav Literal translation: To health
I don't understand Nerozumm
Where's the bathroom? Kde je toaleta?
Do you speak English? Mluvte anglicky?
I don't speak Czech Nemluvm česky
Do you speak Czech? Mluvte česky?
Where can I find a restaurant? Kde najdu restauraci?
Where is the nearest hospital? Kde je nejbližš nemocnice?

Danish (Germanic)

Translation Phrase Pronunciation Remarks
Danish dansk dansk
hello hej hi
good-bye farvel fah-vel
please 1 (Be understood. A matter of course, if not Vr venlig)
thank you tak tack
that one denne DEN-neh
how much? hvor meget? vo MY-it
English engelsk ENG-uhlsk
yes ja ya
no nej nigh
may I take your (sg) picture? M jeg tage et billede af dig?Mo yigh tay-eh it bill-eth-e a die
may I take your (pl) picture? M jeg tage et billede af jer?Mo yigh tay-eh it bill-eth-e a yer
where is the bathroom? Hvor er der et toilet?vo er der it toiletIPA:
where do you come from? Hvor kommer du fra?voor comma doo fra
do you speak English? Taler du engelsk?tailer doo eng-elsk
generic toast sklskol
I don't understand Jeg forstr ikkeyigh for-stoh ik-eh
sorry Undskyld
excuse me Undskyld mig

Usage Notes

  1. No word directly corresponds to the word "please". Danish and Finnish express the concept of politeness in a request in various ways.) One way is to smile while asking for something, another is to add tak (thank you) to the end of the question: "kan jeg f noget mere at drikke, tak", although this is more of an anglicised form of Danish.

Dutch (Germanic)

Translation Phrase IPA pronunciation
Dutch Nederlands (NAY-der-lahnds)
hello hallo (hah-LOW)
good-bye tot ziens (tott-ZEENS)
please alstublieft (AHL-stu-BLEEFT)
thank you dank je wel (DAHNK-ya-WELL)
that one die (dee)
how much? hoeveel? (who-VEIL)
English Engels (ENGels)
yes ja (ya)
no nee (ney)
generic toast proost (prohw-st)

Englisc (Old English) (Germanic)

Translation Phrase IPA Comments
English Englisc
hello wes hl
wesa hl

;
to one person
to more than one
good-bye God mid se
please ic bidde or understood; see usage note.
thank you ic ancie
that one geon
how much? h fela?
yes gse
no n
Where is the bathroom? Hwǽr is t gangsetl?
where do you come from? Hwanon cymst u? ?
do you speak English? Spricst u Englisce?
I don't understand Ic ne understande

Usage Note

No word directly corresponds to the word "please". Old English expressed the concept of politeness in a request in various ways.

Esperanto (International Auxiliary Language)

Translation Phrase IPA
hello saluton
good-bye ĝis revido
please bonvolu'
thank you dankon
you are welcome nedankinde
that one tiu
how much? kiom
English angla
yes jes
no ne
I am sorry mi be'daŭras
I do not understand mi ne komprenas
Where is the toilet? kie estas la necesejo?
generic toast Je via sano
Do you speak English? Ĉu vi parolas la anglan?
Excuse me, I do not speak Esperanto well Pardonu min, mi ne bone parolas Esperanton
I do not know Mi ne scias

Estonian (Finno-Ugric)

  • Estonian: eesti keel [e:s-ti ke:l] Stress is usually on 1st syllable.
  • hello: tere [te-re]
  • good-bye: head aega [head-ae-ga]
  • please: palun [pa-lun]
  • thank you: aith [ai-tch] h- is strong like ch in "Loch", tnan [t-nan] (more formal term, it literally means "I thank you".)
  • you're welcome: palun [pa-lun]
  • that one: see [se:]
  • how much?: kui palju? [kui pal-ju] "j" is pronounced like "y"
  • English: inglise keel [ing-li-se ke:l]
  • yes: jah [jach]
  • no: ei
  • sorry: vabandage [va-ban-da-ge], vabandust [va-ban-dust]
  • I don't understand: Ma ei saa aru [ma ei sa: a-ru]
  • generic toast: terviseks [ter-vi-sex]
  • Do you speak English?: Kas te rgite inglise keelt? [kas te r:-gi-te ing-li-se ke:lt]
  • Where is the bathroom/toilet? Kus on tualett/ WC? [kus on tua-lett/ we:-tse:]
  • Merry Christmas & A Happy New Year! Hid jule ja nnelikku uut aastat! [hid jƏu-le ja Ən-ne-lik-ku uut aas-tat]

Finnish (Finno-Ugric)

Translation Phrase IPA Pronunciation
Finnish suomi (SUE-o-mi)
hello hyv piv or piv or ((w)ho-vae) (pay-vaeh) or (pay-vaeh)
(except the vowels are like "pay" with the vowel from "cat" followed by the vowel from "tick"; the syllable "vaeh" has the long syllable from "bad")

good-bye nkemiin (NACK-eh-MEAN)
please kiitos (key-toss)
thank you kiitos (key-toss)
that one tuo (to-oh)
how much? kuinka paljon (kuyn-kah pal-yon)
English englanti (ENG-lan-TEH)
yes kyll or informally joo or (ey)
sorry anteeksi ("On take see")
I don't understand en ymmrr (en um-mar-ra)
where is the toilet? miss on vessa? (MIS-sah on VEHS-sah)
generic toast kippis (KIP-pis)
Do you speak English? puhutteko englantia? (poo-hoot-teh-koh eng-lawn-tia)
I don't speak Finnish. en puhu suomea (EN PŌŌ-hoo SUE-me-a)
I don't know en tied (en tee-eh-da)

French (Romance)

Translation Phrase IPA Pronunciation
French franais ("fraw(n)-SAY")
hello bonjour ("boh(n)-JHURE")
good-bye au revoir ("oh-reh-VWAR")
please s'il vous plaît ("seal voo PLAY")
thank you merci ("mare-SEE")
you're welcome Canada: bienvenue
Rest of the world: de rien
("bi-EHN ven-eu")
("de ree-an")
that one cela ("say-LAH")
how much? combien ("ko(n)m-BYEN")
English anglais ("ah(n)-GLAY")
yes oui ("wee")
no non ("nah(n)")
sorry pardon
excusez-moi

("pahr-DO(n)")
("ex-ku-say-MWA")
I don't understand Je ne comprends pas ("zhe ne co(n)m-pro(n) PAH")
where's the toilet? O sont les toilettes? ("ooh so(n) lay twa-LET)8
generic toast Sant! (literally: "Health!") ("sahn-TAY")
Do you speak English? Parlez-vous anglais? ("par-lay voo zah(n)-GLAY")
Excuse me, I don't speak French very well. Pardonnez-moi, mais je ne parle pas trs bien franais " (par-dohn-ay MWAH may zheu neuh parl pah tray byen frahn-SAY)
I don't know Je ne sais pas ("dju neh say PAH")

Frisian (Germanic)

The translations provided following W: are in West Frisian, those following N: are in North Frisian (Mooring dialect).

Translation Phrase IPA Pronunciation
Frisian W: Frysk
N: Friisk

(freask)
(freask)
hello W: a goeie
N: moin

(ah gooye)
(moin)
good-bye W: oant sjen
N: adjiis

(ont shen)
(a-jease)
please W: asjeblyft
N: weesegdj

(ashebleaft)
(veisegud-y)
thank you W: tige tank
N: foole tunk

(teaghe tank)
(foughle toonk)
that one W: dy
N: di

(dea)
(dih)
how much? W: hoefolle?
N: hfoole?

(who folle)
(huh foughle)
English W: Ingelsk
N: Aingelsch

(ingelsk)
(ayngelsh)
yes W: ja
N: joo

(yaah)
(yo)
no W: nee
N: nn

(nay)
(nawn)
where's the bathroom? W: Wr is hjir it hske?
N: Weer as heer et hschen?

(where is yirret hewske)
(vere is heret hewshen)
generic toast W: tsjoch
N: snhid

(chokh)
(sun-heyd)
Do you speak English? W: Kinne jo Ingelsk?
N: Koost d Aingelsch?

(kinne yo ingelsk?)
(coastuh ayngelsh)
I don't understand W: Ik begryp it net
N: Ik begrip et ai

(ick begreapet net)
(ick begripet ay)
Sorry W: Pardon
N: Fertrt me

(p'donn)
(f-trut meh)

Friulian (Romance)

Translation Phrase IPA Pronunciation
Friulian furlan
hello mandi
good-bye a riviodisi
please par plas
thank you graziis
that one chel (masculine)
ch (feminine)
how much? trop?
English ingls
yes s // (see)
no no // (no)
sorry scuse
pardon
I don't understand no ai capt
no capissi
I don't speak Friulian jo no feveli il furlan
where's the bathroom? Dul isal il bagn?
generic toast vive
cincin
prosit

Georgian (Caucasian)

Translation Phrase IPA Pronunciation Literal meaning
Georgian ქართული (Kartuli)
Hello! გამარჯობა! (Gamarjoba!) "victory"
How are you? როგორა ხართ? (Rogora khart?)
Good, you? კარგად, შენ? (K'argad, shen?)
Excuse me! ბოდიში! (Bodishi!)
Please თუ შეიძლება (Tu Sheidzleba) "if possible"
Welcome კეთილი იყოს თქვენი მობრძანება! (Ke'tili iq'os tkveni mobrdzaneba!)
Thank you გმადლობთ! (Gmadlobt)
You are welcome არაფრის (Arapris) "for nothing"
English ინგლისური (Inglisuri)
Do you speak English? ინგლისური იცით? (Inglisuri itsit?)
I don't speak Georgian ქართული არ ვიცი (Kartuli ar vitsi)
Yes დიახ (Diakh)
No არა (Ara)
Georgia საქართველო (Sakartvelo)

German (Germanic)

Translation Phrase IPA Pronunciation Sound
German deutsch (doytch) (listen)
hello hallo (HUL-low) (listen)
good-bye auf Wiedersehen (owf VEE-der-zayn) (listen)
please bitte (BIT-ta) (listen)
thank you danke (DAHNG-keh) (listen)
that one das (DAHSS) (listen)
how much? wie viel? (vee feel?) (listen)
English englisch (ENG-lish) (listen)
yes ja (yah) (listen)
no nein (nine) (listen)
where's the bathroom? Wo ist die Toilette? (vo ist dee toy-LET-tuh) (listen)
generic toast prosit
prost

(PRO-zeet)
(PROAST)
(listen)
(listen)
Do you speak English? Sprechen Sie englisch? (SHPRAY-khen zee ENG-lish) (listen)
I don't understand Ich verstehe nicht. (eekh fair-SHTAY-uh neekht) (listen)
Sorry Entschuldigung (ent-SHOOL-dee-goong) (listen)
I don't know Ich wei es nicht (eekh vice es neekht)

Greek (Greek)

Translation Phrase IPA Pronunciation
Greek Ελληνικά (el leen ee KA)
hello Γειά σας (YA sas)
please παρακαλώ (puh rah kah LOW)
thank you Ευχαριστώ (eff kha reess TOE)
that one εκείνο (e KEE no)
how much? Πόσο κάνει; (POSS o kah knee)
English Αγγλικά (ang glee KA)
yes ναι (neh) (this is a faux amis for many European language speakers)
no όχι (AW hee)
sorry συγγνώμη (sing NOE mee)
I don't understand Δεν καταλαβαίνω (THEN cut a la VENN oh)
where's the bathroom? Πού είναι οι τουαλέτες; (poo EE neh ee too uh LET tess)
generic toast Γειά μας (YAH mass)
Do you speak English? Μιλάτε αγγλικά; (mee LAH teh ang glee KA)

Haitian Creole (Romance)

Translation Phrase
Haitian Ayisyen
hello bonjou
good-bye orevwa
please souple, tanpri
thank you msi
yes wi
no non
how much? Konbyen?
Where is the restroom? Kote twalt la?

Hawaiian (Malayo-Polynesian)

Translation Phrase IPA Pronunciation
Hawaiian Hawai`i (ha why ee)
hello aloha (a low ha)
good-bye A hui hou. (a hoo-ee hoe)
please e `olu `olu `oe (ey owe-loo owe-loo owe-ay)
thank you mahalo (ma ha low)
yes `ae (ah ay)
no `a`ole (uh-oh lay)
how much? `ehia? (ay hee uh)
Where is the restroom? Aia i hea ka lumi ho`opaupilikia? (ah ee ah ee ka loo mee hoe owe pow pee lee kee uh)
generic toast Ola (Oh la)

Hebrew (Semitic)

Translation Phrase Transliteration IPA "Yiddish" Pronunciation
Hebrew:עבריתivritivrit
hello/peaceשלוםshalomsholom
good-byeלהתראותlehitraotlehis-roys
nice to meet youנעים מאוד;Na’im Me’od
please/you're welcomeבבקשהbevakasha
thank youתודהtoda
thank you very muchתודה רבה;toda raba
that oneאת זהet ze
how much??כמהkama
how much does this cost??כמה זה עולהKama Zeh Oleh?
English:אנגליתanglit
yesכןken
no/notלאlo
generic toast (literally, "to life")לחייםle-chaim
good morningבוקר טובBoker Tov
good nightלילה טובLaíla Tov
what's happening??מה קורהMa Kore?
what's up??מה נשמעMa Nishma?
goodטובTovtoyb
Where is the restroom?איפה השרותים?‏Eifo ha-sheirutim?

Hindi (Indo-Iranian)

Translation Phrase Transliteration|-
Hindiिहन्दीhindī
hello/goodbye (Hindu)नमस्तेnamaste
hello/goodbye (Hindu, formal)नमस्कारnamaskār
hello/goodbye (Sikh)सत श्री अकालsat śrī akāl
hello (Muslim)अस्सलाम अलैकुमassalām alaikum
hello (Muslim reply)वालैकुम अस्सलामvālaikum assalām
goodbye (Muslim)ख़ुदा हािफ़ज़khuda hāfiz
pleaseमेहरबानी करकेmehrbānī karke
pleaseकृपयाTemplate:Unicode
pleaseप्लीज़plīz
thank youधन्यवादdhanyavād
thank youशुिक्रयाśukriya
thank youथैंक्यूthainkyū
thank you very muchबहुत बहुत ...bahut bahut ...
you're welcome (don't mention it)कोई बात नहींkoī bāt nahīn<i>
excuse meमाफ़ कीिजये<i>māf kījiye
excuse meज़रा सुिनयेzara suniye
yesहाँn
no/notनहींnahīn<i>
good!/awesome!/oh.../really?!/well!अच्छा!<i>accha!
(all-purpose adj./interj.)
How are you?आप कैसा/कैसी है?āp kaisa/kaisī hai?
(male speaker/female speaker)
OK!ठीक है!<i>Template:Unicode
one minute! ("just a sec"; interj.)एक िमनटek minaṭ
I don't understandमैं नहीं समझा/समझीmain samjha/samjhī (m/f)
Englishअंग्रेज़ीangrezī
what is your name?आप का नाम क्या है?āp ka nām kya hai?
my name is ...मेरा नाम ... हैmera nām ... hai
It was nice to meet youआप से िमलकर बहुत ख़ुशी हुईāp se milkar bahut khuśī huī
It was nice to meet you too (lit. to me also)मुझे भी<I>mujhe bhī
How much does this cost?इसका दाम क्या है?iska dām kya hai?
Do you speak English?क्या आपको अंग्रेज़ी आती है?kya āpko angrezī ātī hai?

Hungarian (Finno-Ugric)

Note: gy is pronounced like in would you; ny ( like in can you; and ő like in fur; a like in hot; s like in ship; sz like in sun; j like in yes; cs like in chip; like in eight.

  • Hungarian: magyar // ('MA-dyar)
  • hello: J napot kvnok // ('JOH nup-ot 'KEEH-vaa-nock)
    • szia, // ('SEE-ya) is common amongst friends
  • good-bye: viszontltsra // ('WE-sont-LAAH-taash-ro)
  • please: legyen szves // ('LEH-dyen 'SEE-vesh)
  • thank you: ksznm // ('KEHR-ser-nerm)
  • that one: az // (OZ)
  • how much?: mennyi? // ('ME-nyi)
  • I'd like...: krek... // (KAY-reck)
  • yes: igen // ('EE-ghen)
  • no: nem // (NEM)
  • sorry: bocsnat // ('BOH-chaa-not)
  • I don't understand: nem rtem // (NEM ayr-tem)
  • I don't remember: nem emlkszem (NEM EM-lake-sem)
  • where's the bathroom?: Hol van a mosd? // ('HOLE von o MOSH-doh)
  • generic toast: egszsgedre // ('EH-gay-shay-ged-re)
  • Do you speak English?: Beszl angolul? // ('BEH-sayl 'ON-goh-lool)

Icelandic (Germanic)

  • Icelandic: slenska // (EES-len-ska)
  • hello: gðan dag // (GOH-than dahg)
  • good-bye: bless //
  • please: gjrðu svo vel // (GYUHR-thuh so vel)
  • thank you: takk fyrir // (tahk FEER-eer)
  • that one: þetta // (thetta)
  • how much?: hversu miki // (KVAIR-suh mickith)
  • English: enska /enska/ (enn skah)
  • yes: j // (yow)
  • no: nei /nej/ (nay)
  • generic toast: skl! // (scowl)

Indonesian (Malayo-Polynesian)

(note: N is pronounced like ng in king)

  • Indonesian: bahasa Indonesia /ba-ha-sa in-do-ne-sia/
  • hello:
    • halo /ha-lo/ (casual and on telephone)
    • selamat pagi /suh-la-mat pa-gi/ (morning)
    • selamat siang /... si-aN/ (around midday and in the early afternoon)
    • selamat sore /... so-re/ (late afternoon)
    • selamat malam /... ma-lam/ (after dark)
  • good-bye:
    • dadah /dah-dah/ (usual, informal)
    • selamat tinggal /... tiN-gal/ (said by person leaving)
    • selamat jalan /... ja-lan/ (said by person staying)
  • please: tolong /toe-loN/
  • thank you: terima kasih /tree-ma ka-sih/
  • that one: itu /i-too/
  • how much? berapa /buh-ra-pa/
  • English: bahasa Inggris /ba-ha-sa iN-gris/
  • yes: ya /ya/
  • no: tidak /ti-da'/
  • generic toast: selamat minum /suh-la-mat mi-noom/ (cheers)
  • excuse me: maaf /ma-af/
  • I don't understand: saya tidak mengerti /sa-ya ti-da' muh-Nur-ti/
  • Do you speak English?: bisa bahasa Inggris? /bi-sa .../
  • Where is the restroom?: di mana toilet? /di ma-na toy-let/

Irish (Celtic)

  • Irish: Gaeilge /geləgɛ/ (GAY-lih-geh)
  • welcome: filte /faːltʲə/(FALL-cha)
  • good-bye: sln /slaːn/ (slawn)
  • please: le do thoil /lɛ dɔ hil/ (leh duh hill)
  • thank you: go raibh maith agat /gə rɛv mah agət/ (guh rev MAH a-gut)
  • sorry: t brn orm (taː broːn urm)
  • that one: sin /eʃin/ (a:shin)
  • how much?: c mhad /keː veːd/ (kay-vade)
  • English: Barla /beːr lə/ (BARE-lah)
  • yes: Repeat verb, ex: "An bhfuil t ag teach Mhirtn?" (Are you at Martin's house?), would be replied to by "T" If the conjugation of the verb is unknown, "T" will be understoof /ta:w/ (like taw, but more constricted, as in "toe")
  • no: Negative of verb is supplied, though "Nl" (Isn't) should be understood /n'i:l/ (kneel)
  • I don't understand: n thuigim /niː higim/
  • Where's the bathroom?: c bhfuil an leithreas? (kaː vil un lehras)
  • generic toast: slinte /slaːntʲə/ (SLAWN-tye)

Italian (Romance)

  • Italian: italiano (ee-tah-lee-AN-oh) (listen)
  • hello: ciao (chah-ow) (listen)
  • good-bye: arrivederci (a-ree-veh-DARE-chee) (listen)
  • please: per favore (per fa-VOAR-ay)
  • thank you: grazie (GRAT-zee-eh)
  • that one: quello (KWEL-low) (masculine); quella (KWEL-lah) (feminine)
  • how much? quanto (KWAN-tow)
  • English: inglese (in-GLAY-say)
  • yes: s (see)
  • no: no (no)
  • sorry: scusa (SKOO-za); scusi (SKOO-zee) (polite treatment)
  • I don't understand: non capisco (non kuh pee skow)
  • where's the bathroom?: dov' il bagno? (do veh eel bah nyoh)
  • generic toast: salute (sall-OO-teh); cincin (cheen cheen)

Japanese

  • Japanese: 日本語 (にほんご, nihngo) /ni ho n go/ or // (nyee-hon-go)
  • hello:
    • good day: 今日は (こんにちは, knnichi wa) // (kohn-nyee-chee-wa)
    • good evening: 今晩は (こんばんは, knban wa) // (kon bahn wah)
    • good morning: おはよう御座います (おはようございます, ohayou gozaimsu) /ohajo: gozajmas/ (oh ha yoh god zigh mahss), sometimes shortened to おはよう (ohayu)
    • hello (on the telephone): もしもし (mshi-moshi) // (mosh moshy)
  • good-bye:
    • good-bye: さようなら (sayunara) // (sigh yoh na ra)
    • good-bye (when leaving): いってきます (ittekimsu) / it:ekimas/ (ittay kimas)
    • good-bye (when being left): いってらっしゃい (itterasshi) // (ittay rash shy)
  • please:
    • ...下さい (...ください, kudasi) /kudasaj/ (cuda-sigh) (as part of a sentence, i.e., "Please sit down.")
    • どうぞ (duzo) /do:zo/ (Often used when offering or allowing something to someone else. Similar to "go ahead" or "feel free".)
    • お願いします (おねがいします, onegi shimsu) // (oh-ne-gai she-mahss)
  • thank you: 有り難う (ありがとう, argatou) // (ah-ri-ga-toe)
  • sorry: ご免 (ごめん, gomn) /go me n/ (go men) inf. or 御免なさい (ごめんなさい, gomen nasi) /go me n na sa i/ (go men nah sigh)
  • excuse me: 済みません (すみません, sumimasn) /su mi ma se n/ (sue mee mah sen)
  • that one: それ (sor) // (so reh)
  • how much? いくらですか。 (kura dsu ka) // (i-ku-ra des ka)
  • English: 英語 (えいご, eeg) // or /ej go/ (ay-go)
  • yes: はい (hi) // (high)
  • no: いいえ (ii) // (ee-eh)
  • thanks (before eating): いただきます (itadakims) /itadakimas/
  • to be excused after eating: ごちそうさまでした (gotch-sou-sam dshita) //
  • where's the bathroom?: お手洗いはどこですか  (おてあらいはどこですか, oterai wa dko desu ka) or just お手洗いどこ  (おてあらいどこ, oterai dko) // /otearaj doko/ (o-tay-a-rye wa do-ko death-ka) (o-tay-a-rye do-ko)
  • generic toast: 乾杯 (かんぱい, kampi) /kampaj/ (kam-pie)
  • can you speak English?: 英語が話せますか, (えいごがはなせますか, eig ga hanasemsu ka) /e: go ŋa ha na se mas ka/ (ay-go ga ha-na-say-mas-ka)
  • foreigner: 外国人 (がいこくじん, gaikokjin) // (informally 外人 (がいじん, gaijn) (guy jean)

Kannada (Dravidian)

  • Kannada: Kannada
  • hello: Namaskaara
  • good-bye: Hogibittu baruttene
  • How are you?: Neevu hey-gay iddeera? (with respect)
  • please: dayavittu
  • thank you: dhanyavaadagalu
  • that one: adu
  • how much?: eshtu
  • English: aangla
  • yes: houdu
  • no: illa
  • generic toast:

Khmer

  • Khmer: ខ្មែរ khmer
  • hello: សួស្ដី soursdey
  • good-bye : លា​ហើយ lea hey
  • sorry: សូម​ទោស som tos
  • no problem: គ្មានបញ្ហា kmean panh-ha
  • happy new year: សួស្ដី​ឆ្នាំ​ថ្មី soursdey chnamm tmei
  • I love Khmer: ខ្ញុំ​ស្រលាញ់​ខ្មែរ knhom sro-lanh khmer
  • Thanks you: អរគុណ Or kun
  • How much: ថ្លៃប៉ុន្មាន Tlai punman
  • yes: បាទ bart (male)/ ចាស៎ jah (female)
  • no: ទេ teh
  • I don't understand: ខ្ញុំ​មិន​យល់​ទេ kngom men yol teh
  • where's the toilette?: តើ​បន្ទប់​ទឹក​នៅ​ទី​ណា? ter bantub tek nov ti na?
  • Do you speak English?: តើ​អ្នក​និយាយ អង់គ្លេស ទេ? ter nak niyay Anglais teh?

Korean

Note: Hangul Revised Romanization of Korean See also: Names of Korea

  • Korean: 한국어 hangugeo //
  • hello: 안녕하세요 annyeonghaseyo// (ah nyuhng ha say yo)
  • hello (to friends or someone younger): 안녕 annyeong // (ah nyuhng)
  • good-bye (when leaving): 안녕히게세요 annyeonghigeseyo // (ah nyuhng hee geh say yo)
  • good-bye (when being left): 안녕히가세요 annyeonghigaseyo // (ah nyuhng hee ga say yo)
  • good-bye (to friends or someone younger): 안녕 annyeong // (ahn nyuhng)
  • please may I have...: 주세요 juseyo // (ju say yo). Note: to be used after the object; e.g., Kimbap ju say yo. = Sushi roll, please.
  • thank you: 고맙습니다 gomapseupnida // (go mahp s'm nee dah), 고마워 gomaweo // (go mah woe)
  • that one: 저것 jeogeot // (juh gut)
  • how much?: 얼마예요? eolmayeyo // (uhl ma eh yo)
  • yes: 녜; ne // (neh) or 예 ye // (yeh)
  • no: 아니오 anio // (ah nee oh) or 아뇨 anyo // (ahn yoh)
  • sorry: 미안합니다 mianhamnida // (mee ahn hahm nee dah)
  • I don't understand: 모르겠습니다 moreugesseumnida // (mow l' guess 'im nee dah)
  • where's the toilet?: 화장실이 어디예요? hwajangsili eodiyeyo // (hwah jahng see lee uh dee ay yo)
  • generic toast: 건배! geonbae // (gun beh) (final vowel is like 'a' in English "bat"), 위하여! wihayeo // (wee hah yuh)
  • Do you speak English?: 영어 할 줄 아세요? yeongeo hal jul aseyo // (young uh hall jool a say yo)

Latin (Italic)

Pronunciations are first given in the Ecclesiastical Pronunciation (Based on Italian, and used in some ceremonies by the Catholic church, and usually heard in recordings of classical music). These pronunciations are followed by the classical pronunciation (a reconstruction of how scholars believe the Romans pronounced these expressions)

For example -- "of light" lucis (LOO-cheess) (LOO-kiss), with (LOO-cheess) being the ecclesiastical pronunciation, and (LOO-kiss) how the Romans said lucis.

Translation Latin IPA (Ecclesastical) Pseudo-English IPA (Classical) Pseudo-English
Latin lingua Latina (lah-TEE-nah) (lah-TEE-nah)
hello ave! (Ah-vay) (Ah-way)
goodbye vale! (vah-lay) (wah-lay)
please si placet (see PLAH-chet) (see PLAH-ket)
thank you gratias tibi ago (GRAH-tsee-as TI-bee AH-goh) (GRAH-tee-as Ti-bee AH-goh)
that one ille, illa, illud (ILL-lay, ILL-lah, ILL-lud) (ill-leh, ill-lah, ill-lud)
how much? quot? (quote) (quaht)
yes certe, ita vero (CHAIR-tay) (kert-eh)
no non, nullo modo (noan, NUL-loh MO-doh) (known, NUL-oh MO-doh)
sorry ignosce mihi (een-YOH-shay MEE-hee) (ing-know-skeh Mi-hee)
I don't understand non comprehendo (noan com-pray-HEN-doh) (known com-pray-HEN-doh)
where's the bathroom? ubi sunt latrinae? (OO-bee sunt lah-TREE-nay) (OO-bee sunt lah-tri-neye) (neye rhyming with eye)
generic toast salutem! (sah-LOO-tehm) (sah-LOO-tehm)
Do you speak English? loquerisne anglice? (loh-quay-RISS-nay AHNG-glee-chay?) (loh-queh-riss-neh ah-ngli-keh?)

Latvian (Baltic)

  • Latvian: Latvieu
  • hello: Sveiks!
  • goodbye: uz redzēanos
  • please: lūdzu
  • thank you: paldies
  • yes:
  • no:
  • how are you?: kā jums klājas?


Lithuanian (Baltic)

  • Lithuanian: Lietuviškai ("lietu'vishkai")
  • hello: labas ("lA-bas")
  • goodbye: ate! ("ateh'")
  • please: prašau("prashau")
  • thank you: ačiū ("Ahchjooh")
  • that one: tas(masculine), ta(feminnine) ("tas, ta)"
  • how much?: kiek? ("kjEk")
  • yes: taip ("taIp")
  • no: ne ("ne'")
  • sorry: atsiprašau ("Atsiprashau")
  • I don't understand: nesupratau
  • toast: į sveikatą! ("EE sveikAtA!")
  • Do you speak English? kalbate angliškai?

Low Saxon (Germanic)

  • Low Saxon: Plattdtsch /"Plutt deech/
  • hello: moin /moyn/
  • good-bye: tschss /'chuss/
  • please: bidde /bidde/
  • thank you: danke /"ŋka/
  • that one: dssen /"ussan/
  • how much?: wo veel /vo "Fayl/
  • yes: jou /yow/
  • no: nee /nay/
  • sorry: tschulligung /'choo-lee-goonk/
  • I don't understand: Ik vrstah nich / eek forstaa nix /
  • where's the toilet?: wo is de tante Meyer? /vow is day tanne migher/
  • generic toast: nich lang snacken - kopp in'n nacken! /neex lung snuckan 'kopp inAkan/
  • Do you speak English?: snacks du ingelsch? /snucks doo engalsh/

Macedonian (Slavic)

Skopje Dialect

  • Macedonian: makedonski /mA-keh-dOn-skee/ (maakehdonskee)
  • hello: zdravo /zdrA-vO/ (z like in zebra) Literal translation: healthy
  • good-bye: priatno /priAtno/
  • please: molam /mO-lUm/ (moluhm)
  • thank you: fala /hvA-la/ Literal translation: praise
  • that one: to (not as English to)
  • how much?: kolku? /kolku/ (col-coo, co-, -co => cup)
  • English: angliski /angliski/ (-skee)
  • yes: da /dA/
  • no: ne /neh/
  • generic toast: na zdravje /nU zdrUvyeh/ Literal translation: to health!
  • sorry: izvini /ezveene/
  • I don't understand: ne razbiram /neh rUzbeerUm/
  • Where is [the bathroom (toilet)]?: Kade e klozetot? /kAde (y)eh klOhzehtOt/

Maltese (Semitic)

  • Maltese language: Il-lingwa maltija /il lingwa ma:lti:ja/
  • hello: merħba /merX\ba/
  • good day: bonġu /bondZu:/
  • bye: ċaw /tSaw/, saħħa /saX\X\a/
  • please: jekk jogħġbok /jekk jo:dZbok/
  • thank you: grazzi /grattsi/
  • that one: dak /da:k/
  • how much?: kemm? /kemm/
  • yes: iva /i:va/
  • no: le /le/
  • sorry: jiddispjaċini /jiddispjatSi:ni/
  • I don't understand: ma nifhimx /ma: nifimS/
  • where is the toilet?: fejn it-tojlit? /fejn it tojlit/
  • generic toast: saħħa! /saX\X\a/
  • do you speak English?: titkellem bl-ingliż? /titkellem bliNli:s/
  • Malta is a beautiful island: Malta hija gżira sabiħa /ma:lta i:ja gzi:ra sabi:X\a/

Malay (Malayo-Polynesian)

  • Malay language: bahasa Melayu /ba-ha-sa me-la-yu/
  • hello:
    • selamat pagi /sə-la-mat pa-gi/ (morning)
    • selamat tengah hari /... təŋah ha-ri/ (around midday and in the early afternoon)
    • selamat petang /... pə-taŋ/ (late afternoon)
    • selamat malam /... ma-lam/ (after dark)
  • good-bye:
    • selamat tinggal /... tiŋ-gal/ (said by person leaving) (lit., safe living [tinggal has connotations of residence, stay])
    • selamat jalan /... ʤa-lan/ (said by person staying) (lit., safe travelling)
  • please: tolong /tɔ-lɔŋ/
  • thank you: terima kasih /tə-ri-ma ka-sih/
  • you're welcome: sama sama /sa-ma sa-ma/
  • that one: itu /i-tʊ/
  • how much?: berapa /bə-ra-pa/
  • English language: bahasa Inggeris /ba-ha-sa iŋ-gəris/
  • yes: ya /ja/
  • no: tidak /ti-dak/
  • excuse me: maaf /ma-af/
  • I don't understand: saya tidak faham /sa-ja ti-dak fa-ham/
  • Can you speak English?: bolehkah cakap bahasa Inggeris? /bo-leh-kah ʧakap .../
  • Where is the restroom?: di mana tandas? /di mana tan-das/

Maori (Malayo-Polynesian)

  • Maori: Māori /maːoɾi/
  • hello: tēnā koe /teːnaː koe/ (to one person), tēnā kōrua /teːnaː koːɾua/ (to two people), tēnā koutou /teːnaː koutou/
  • good-bye (to those who are staying): e noho rā /e noho ɾaː/
  • good-bye (to those who are leaving): haere rā /haeɾe ɾaː/
  • please: koa /koa/
  • thank you (or "good day" - literally "be well"): kia ora /kia oɾa/
  • how much?: pēhea? /peːhea/
  • yes: ae /ae/
  • no: kaore /kaoɾe/

Malayalam (Dravidian languages)

  • Malayalam: malayaalam
  • hello: namaskaram
  • good-bye: Poy varaamPoy varatte"
  • please: dayavaayi
  • thank you: nanni
  • how much?: ethra?
  • yes: athe
  • no: illa or alla
  • English: aangaleyam
  • Whats your name:pere enthanu
  • harassment:peedanam
  • I love you: njaan ninne snehikkunnu
  • Do you like me: ninakku enne ishtamaano
  • what news?: enthokkeyaanu vishesham
  • news: vaartha\vishesham
  • first: aadyam\onnamathu
  • water: vellam
  • alphabet: aksharam
  • food: bhakshanam\aahaaram
  • rain: mazha
  • hotel: sathram\hotel
  • way: vazhi

Marathi (Indo-Iranian)

  • Marathi: maraaThee
  • hello: namaskar
  • good-bye: achhaa
  • please: krupah yaa
  • thank you: aa bhaar
  • how much?: kitee
  • yes: ho
  • no: naa hee
  • English: ingrajee

Nahuatl (Uto-Aztecan)

  • Nahuatl: Nawatlahtoli
  • hello: niltse
  • good-bye: nimitsittas
  • thank you: tlasohkamati
  • that one: inon
  • yes: kema (ordinary), kemakatsin (reverential)
  • no: ahmo (ordinary), ahmotsin (reverential)
  • English: Inglestlahtoli
  • Do you speak [English]?: Nitetlahtoa [Inglestlahtoli]?
  • What is your name?: Tlen mo tokatsin?

Nigerian pidgin (English-based pidgin)

  • Nigerian pidgin:  
  • hello: How now
  • good-bye: A go dey see yu now
  • please: A beg
  • thank you: Thank yu
  • that one:  
  • how much?:  
  • English: Oyinbo
  • yes: Yes
  • no: No
  • generic toast:  

Norwegian (Germanic) - Bokml

  • Norwegian: norsk /'nɔʃk/ (norsk)
  • Hello: hallo /hɑ'luː/
  • Hi: hei /hi/
  • Good-bye: farvel (formal and slightly old-fashioned)/fɑɾ'wel/ (far well); Ha det bra (a bit less formal); ha det (informal); hei /hi/ (on the phone. never used like this by children or adolescents)
  • Please: vr s snill /'wːr so snil/
  • Thank you: takk /tɑk/ (takh)
  • That one: den /den/ (den) or det /deː/ (deh)
  • How much?: hvor mye? /wuɾ myːə/
  • English: engelsk /'eŋelsk/ or /'əŋəlsk/
  • Yes: ja /jɑː/ (yah)
  • No: nei /nj/ (nay)
  • Can I take your picture?: kan jeg ta bilde av deg?
  • Where is the bathroom?: hvor er badet?
  • Where do you come from?: hvor kommer du fra?
  • Do you speak English?: snakker du engelsk?
  • Generic toast: skl /skoːl/
  • Where can I find a restaurant?: hvor kan jeg finne en restaurant?
  • Where is the nearest hospital?: hvor er det nrmeste sykehuset?
  • Banana: banan

Norwegian (Germanic) - Nynorsk

  • Norwegian: norsk /'nɔʃk/ (norsk)
  • Hello: hallo /hɑ'luː/
  • Hi: hei /hi/
  • Good-bye: Ha det bra (formal); ha det (informal)
  • Please: ver s snill /'wːr so snil/
  • Thank you: takk /tɑk/ (takh)
  • That one: han/ho/den /den/ (den) or det /deː/ (deh)
  • How much?: kor mykje?
  • English: engelsk /'eŋelsk/ or /'əŋəlsk/
  • Yes: jau /jɑː/ (yah) or ja
  • No: nei /nj/ (nay)
  • Can I take your picture?: kan eg ta bilete av deg?
  • Where is the bathroom?: kvar er toalettet?
  • Where do you come from?: kvar kjem du fr?
  • Do you speak English?: snakkar du engelsk?
  • Generic toast: skl /skoːl/
  • Where can I find a restaurant?: kvar kan eg finne ein restaurant?
  • Where is the nearest hospital?: kvar er det nrmaste sjukehuset?

O'odham (Uto-Aztecan)

  • O'odham: O'odham iok
  • English: Milga:n iok
  • hello: Ṣap kaic (lit. what did you say?)
  • good-bye: Do va ep em ei
  • that one: hegai
  • yes: ha'u
  • no: pi'a

Pennsylvania German, Pennsylvania Dutch (Germanic)

(dialects may vary)

  • Pennsylvania Dutch: Pennsilfaani(isch)-Deitsch
  • hello: hiya
  • good-bye: bis schpeeder (bis shpayder) Until later
  • please: please
  • thank you: danki schee (dan-key shay)
  • that one: da do (da daw)
  • how much: Wie viel (wee feel)
  • English: Englisch
  • yes: Ya
  • no: nee (nay)
  • Can I take your picture?: Kann ich dei Pikder nemme? (can ich (Germanic 'ch' sounds like the H in huge) dye pic-der nay-me)
  • Where is the washroom?: Wu is die Baadschtupp?
  • Sorry I don't understand you.: Sorry, Ich verschteh dich net.

here are the modern german expressions:

  • -
  • hallo
  • bis spter (dialekt: bis spda)
  • bitte
  • Danke schn
  • dieses hier, (dialects: des do, do da)
  • Wie viel?
  • Englisch
  • ja
  • nein
  • Wo ist das Badezimmer? (Baadschtupp=Badestube, older word)
  • Sorry/Tut mir Leid, ich verstehe dich nicht (dialect=I vasteh di net)

Polish (Slavic)

Translation Phrase IPA Pronunciation Remarks
Polish language Język polski,
polszczyzna
['jɛ̃zik 'pɔlski]
[pɔl'ʃʧizna]
listen
listen
hello cześć ['ʧɛɕtɕ] listen informal, used both for greeting and good-bye, lit. "honour"
good morning, good afternoon dzień dobry ['dʑɛɲ ,dɔbri] listen lit. "good day"
good-bye do widzenia [dɔvi'ʣɛɲa] listen lit. "until seeing"
good night dobranoc [dɔ'branɔʦ] listen
please proszę ['prɔʃɛ̃] listen
you're welcome proszę bardzo [ˌprɔʃɛ̃'barʣɔ] listen
don't mention it nie ma za co [ˌɲɛma'zaʦɔ] listen lit. "(there's) nothing you have to (thank) for"
thank you dziękuję [dʑɛ̃'kujɛ̃] listen
this one m: ten
f: ta
n: to
[tɛn]
[ta]
[tɔ]
listen
that one m: tamten
f: tamta
n: tamto
['tamtɛn]
['tamta]
['tamtɔ]
listen
how much? ile? ['ilɛ] listen
English language angielski [aŋ'gɛlski]
yes tak [tak] listen
no nie [ɲɛ] listen
I don't understand Nie rozumiem [ɲɛrɔ'zumiɛm] listen
where's the bathroom? Gdzie jest łazienka? [ˌgdʑɛjɛst wa'ʑeŋka] listen
generic toast: Na zdrowie! [na zdrɔv'ɛ] listen lit. "to health"
do you speak English? Czy mwi Pan po angielsku?
Czy mwi Pani po angielsku?
Czy mwisz po angielsku?
i'muvipan poaŋ'gɛlsku]
i'muvipani poaŋ'gɛlsku]
i'muviʃ poaŋ'gɛlsku]
listen
listen
listen
Pan - sir, mr.; Pani - mrs.; the third form is both impersonal and informal
what is it? Co to jest? [ʦɔtɔ'jɛst] listen
Welcome to Poland! Witamy w Polsce [vi'tami 'fpɔlsʦɛ] listen

Portuguese (Romance)

translation phrase IPA Pronunciation
Portuguese: portugus PT. /purtu'geʃ/ BR. /portu'gejʃ/ por-too-GAIS
hello: ol /ɔ'la/ oh-LAA
good-bye: adeus PT. /ɐ'ewʃ/ BR. /a'dewʃ/ uh-DEOOS
please: por favor PT. /puɾ fɐ'voɾ/ BR. /poɾ fa'vo:/ POR FUH-vor
thank you (m); thank you (f): obrigado; obrigada /obɾi'gau/; PT. /obɾi'gaɐ/ BR. /obɾi'gada/ oh-bree-GAH-do; oh-bree-GAH-duh
sorry: desculpa (informal) desculpe (formal) PT. /dɨʃkulpɨ/ BR. /diʃkulpi/ dis-COOL-pa; dis-COOL-p
that one: aquele; aquela PT. /ɐ'kelɨ/; /ɐ'kɛlɐ/ BR. /a'keli/; /a'kɛla/ a-KIL; a-KEL-a
how much?: quanto /kwtu/ KWAN-too
yes: sim /sĩ/ SEEM
no: no /nw̃/ NUHWO
I don't understand: no entendo /nw̃ / NUHWO ehn-TEN-doo
where's the bathroom?: Brazil: Onde fica o banheiro /di fika u baɲɛjɾu/ OND FEE-ca OO ban-YAY-roo
Portugal, others: Onde fica a casa de banho /dɨ fikɐ a caza dɨ baɲu/ OND FEE-ca UH KAH-zah D BAN-yoo
generic toast: vossa! PT. /a vɔsɐ/ BR. /a vɔsa/ AH VOH-sa
sade PT. /sɐuɨ/ BR. /saudZi/ sa-OO-d
Do you speak English?: Fala inglês? PT. /falɐ ĩgleʃ/ BR. /fala ĩglejʃ/ FAH-lah eeng-LES

Romanian (Romance)

  • Romanian: romneşte //, limba romnă //
  • hello: Bună ziua //
  • good bye: La revedere //
  • please: Vă rog //
  • thank you: Mulțumesc //, Mersi //
  • how much?: Ct? //
  • English: engleză //
  • do you speak English?: Vorbiţi engleză? //
  • yes: da //
  • no: nu //
  • I don't understand: Nu nţeleg //
  • generic toast: Noroc! //
  • where's the bathroom?: Unde e baia? //

Russian (Slavic)

  • Russian: русский // (listen)
  • hello: здравствуйте // (listen) Literal translation: be healthy (imperative 2nd person singular/plural out of respect)
  • good-bye: до свидания // (listen) Literal translation: until seeing
  • please: пожалуйста // (listen)
  • thank you: спасибо // (listen)
  • that one: тот // (listen)
  • how much?: сколько // (listen)
  • English: английский // (listen)
  • yes: да // (listen)
  • no: нет // (listen)
  • sorry: извините //
  • I don't understand: не понимаю //
  • generic toast: за здоровье // (listen) Literal translation: for health
  • Do you speak English?: Вы говорите по-английски? // (listen)
  • where's the bathroom?: где здесь туалет? //
  • I love you: я люблю тебя //

Sanskrit (Indo-Iranian)

  • Sanskrit: sanskrta (also samskrta) /san (nasal n) skrr tuh/
  • hello: namo namah //
  • good-bye: - //
  • please: - //
  • thank you: anugurihiitosumi //
  • that one: - //
  • how much?: '- //
  • English: aanglabhasha //
  • yes: ava //
  • no: - //
  • generic toast: - //

Sardinian (Romance)

  • Sardinian: sardu /'sarDu/ "sar-doo"
  • hello: bona die "bon-a dee-a"
  • good-bye: adiosu /a'Djosu/ "ah-dhyohsoo"
  • bye-bye: a nois bider /anos'biDere/ "a-nohss-BI-dere"
  • please: pro piagher /'pro pja'Gere/ "pro pee-ah-gh-er-ay"
  • thank you: grtzias /'grasias/ "GRAHSS-yahss"
  • that one: cussu /'kusu/ "KU-hssoo"
  • how much?: cantu /'kantu/ "KAHN-too"
  • English: Ingresu /in'gresu/ "in-GRAY-soo"
  • yes: eia /'eja/
  • no: no /'no/
  • sorry: mi dispiaghidu
  • I don't understand: Non comprendo
  • I don't speak Sardinian: Non faeddo sardu
  • where's the bathroom?:
  • hello, and generic toast: saludu /sa'luDe/ "saw-LOODHE"

Scots (Germanic)

Scots survives in a number of dialects. The North east Central (Fife) pronunciation is marked NeC, North East Scots (Doric) is marked as NE. C ans S for central and southern pronunciatons. The unmarked pronunciations are generally used in most areas. A /t/ between vowels and final is glottalised. This may also occur with a final /d/.

  • Scots: Scots [skots, skOts]
  • hello: awricht [A'rIxt, a'rIxt], NE: whit like [fIt l@ik]
  • good-bye: see ye [si: ji:]
  • thank you: ta [ta:]
  • that one: that ane [<tt>C and S Dat jIn, </tt>NeC</tt> Dat en, at en,</tt> NE at in]
  • no: nae [ne:, nQ <tt> NE <tt>na]
  • yes: ay [AI]
  • sorry: sairy [se:rI]
  • I don't understand: A dinna unnerstaund [a dIn@ Vn@rstA:n(d), a dIne Vn@rstA:n(d), a dIna Vn@rstA:n(d)]
  • where's the bathroom?: whaur's the cludgie? [WA:rz D@ klVdZI,]. NE: whaur's the chantie [fArz i 'tSVntI]
  • generic toast: cheers! [tSi:rz]
  • Do you speak English?: Dae ye speak English? [de: ji spIk INlIS,<tt> NE <tt> di: ji spIk INlIS]

Scottish Gaelic (Celtic)

  • Gaelic: Gidhlig (GAH-lick)
  • welcome: filte (FAL-tyuh)
  • good-bye: mar sin leat (mar SHIN let)
  • please: mas e do thoil e (mah SHEH daw HOL eh)
  • thank you: tapadh leat (TAH-pah let)
  • sorry: tha mi duilich (hah mee DOO-leekh)
  • that one: am fear sin (am fer SHIN)
  • how much?: cia mheud (kah VIT)
  • English: Beurla (BYER-luh)
  • yes: 2tha (hah)
  • no: 3chan eil (chan YIL)
  • I don't understand: chan eil mi a' tuigsinn (khan YIL mee uh TOOK-shin)
  • Where's the bathroom?: cit a bheil an taigh beag? (KATCH-uh vil an TUH-eeh bik)
  • generic toast: slinte (SLAN-tyuh)

Serbian (Slavic)

Ekavian Dialect

  • Serbian: srpski /srp-skee/ (srpskee)
  • hello: zdravo /zdrA-vO/ (z like in zebra) Literal translation: healthy
  • good morning: dobro jutro
  • good afternoon: dobar dan
  • good evening: dobro veče
  • good-bye: doviđenja /dOvidʲɛnʲɑ/ Literal translation: until we see again
  • please: molim /mO-lim/ (moleam)
  • thank you: hvala /hvA-la/ Literal translation: praise
  • that one: to (not as English to)
  • how much?: koliko? /ko-lɛ-ko/ (coleeco, co-, -co => cup)
  • English: engleski /ɛn-glɛ-ski/ (-skee)
  • yes: da /dA/
  • no: ne /nɛ/
  • generic toast: živeli! /ʒi-vɛ-li/ (zhivelee) Literal translation: live!
  • sorry: izvinite /ezveene/ (formal)
  • I don't understand: ne razumem /na rAzumam/
  • Where is [the bathroom (toilet)]?: Gde je toalet? /gdɛ jɛ toAlEt/
  • Do you speak English?: Da li govorite engleski?

Slovak (Slavic)

NOTE: adjectives are in masculine singular nominative, if there are two ways of saying something (formal/informal), the formal one is used. Stress is always on the first syllable of the word.

  • Slovak (adjective): slovensk (SLOvenskeee) /slovɛnskiː/
  • Slovak (adverb): po slovensky (POslovenskee) /po slovɛnski/
  • hello: dobr deň (DObreee dyen) /dobriː ɟɛɲ/ Literal translation: good day
  • good-bye: dovidenia (DOveedyeniya) /doviɟɛɲi̯a/
  • please: prosm (Vs) (PROseeem vaas) /prosiːm vaːs/
  • thank you: ďakujem (Vm) (DYAkooyem vaam) /ɟakujɛm vaːm/
  • that one: tamten (TAMten) /tamtɛn/
  • how much?: koľko (KOlko) /koʎko/
  • English (adjective): anglick (ANglytskeee) /aŋgliʦkiː/
  • English (adverb): po anglicky (POanglytskee) /po aŋgliʦki/
  • yes: no (AANO) /aːno/
  • no: nie (niye) /ɲi̯ɛ/
  • generic toast: Na zdravie (NAzdravye) /na zdravi̯ɛ/
  • sorry: Prepčte (PREpaachtye) /prɛpaːʧcɛ/
  • I don't understand: Nerozumiem /NYerozoomyem/ (ɲɛrozumi̯ɛm/)
  • Where is [the bathroom (toilet)]?: Kde je [zchod]? (KDYE YE ZAA-khod) /gɟɛ jɛ zaːxot/
  • Do you speak [English]?: Hovorte [po anglicky]? (HOvoreeetye POanglytskee) /hovoriːcɛ po aŋgliʦki/

Slovene (Slavic)

  • Slovene: slovensko /slɒ'venskɒ/
  • hello: zdravo /'zdrɑvɒ/ Literal translation: healthy
  • hello: živijo /'ʒɪʊjɒ/
  • good-bye: nasvidenje (also na svidenje) /na'svɪdɛnjɛ/
  • please: prosim /'prɔsim/
  • thank you: hvala /'hvɑla/
  • that one: tisti /'tɪstɪ/ (ti-, -ti => Tibet)
  • how much?: koliko? /'kɔlɪkɒ/ (co-, -co => cup)
  • English: angleško /ɑn'gleʃkɒ/
  • yes: da /dʌ/ (official), ja (colloquial)
  • no: ne /nɛ/
  • generic toast: na zdravje /nɑ zdrɑʊjɛ/ Literal translation: to (our) health

Spanish (Romance)

NOTE: For words ending in a vowel or the letters n or s, stress is on the penultimate (next to last) syllable. Words ending in other consonants, especially verbs, are stressed on the last syllable. Exceptions require a written accent. The th pronunciation is typical of standard Spanish as spoken in most of Spain, and is replaced by the s pronunciation in Latin America and some regions of Spain, such as the Canary Islands.

  • Spanish: castellano , espaol (listen)
  • hello: hola (listen), also buenos das
  • good-bye: adis (listen), hasta luego
  • please: por favor
  • thank you: gracias ,
  • youre welcome: de nada (literally, it was nothing)
  • sorry: perdn
  • that one: se (masculine); sa (feminine)
  • how much?: cunto
  • English: ingls
  • yes: s
  • no: no
  • I dont understand: no comprendo , no entiendo
  • I dont know: yo no s
  • wheres the bathroom?: Dnde est el bao? (listen)
  • generic toast: salud (literally, health)
  • Do you speak English?: Habla ingls? (listen)

Swahili (Bantu)

Usage Note: Greetings in Swahili are a crucial aspect of Swahili culture; it is not uncommon for a conversation to last five minutes before it actually moves beyond saying "Hello". There is no generic word for "Hello" in the language, rather there are numerous options depending on the relative ages and/or race of the people involved, as well as singular and plural forms. A non-comprehensive list would include "hujambo" (reply "sijambo") for two people of similar age and race, "jambo" (reply "jambo") for between white and black people, "Shikamoo" (reply "Marahaba") for a young person to an elderly person, "Hodi" (reply "Karibu") when in the doorway of a house. There are additionally numerous informal greetings such as "Mambo", "Safi", and many more. Farewells are abrupt or even non-existent.

  • Swahili: Kiswahili /ki swa hi li/ (kee-swa-HEE-lee)
  • hello: Jambo (ja m boh) or (ya m boh)
  • good-bye: kwa heri /kwa he ri/ (kwa HAY-ree)
  • please: tafadhali /ta fa a li/ (tah-fah-tha-lee)
  • thank you: asante /a san te/ (ah-SAHN-tey)
  • that one: yule /ju le/ (YOO-lay)
  • how much?: ngapi /ŋa pi/ (ng-AH-pee)
  • English: Kiingereza /ki iŋe re za/ (kee-ing-reza)
  • yes: ndiyo /n di jo/ (nn-DEE-yoh)
  • no: hapana /ha pa na/
  • generic toast: //

Swedish (Germanic)

  • Swedish: svenska
  • hello: hej /hey/
  • good-bye: hej d (HEY-doh)
  • please: tack (tahck) as in "yes, please" or snlla (snella) as in "please, show me to the station" or "var s god" (vahr saw goh) as in "please come in and make yourself at home"
  • excuse me: urskta mig (uor-SECKTAH may)
  • thank you: tack (tahck)
  • that one: den dr (den dehr)
  • how much?: hur mycket? (huwr MICK-eh)
  • English: engelska (ENG-el-skah)
  • yes: ja /ja/ (yah)
  • no: nej /nEj/ (neigh)
  • generic toast: skl /skOl/ (skal or skol)
  • banana: banan (buh-NAAN)
  • what time is it?: vad r klockan? (vaad air KLAWCK-an)
  • Where's the bathroom?: var r toaletten? (vahr eyr twah-LET-en)
  • I don't understand: jag frstr inte (yah fur-SHTOHR in-teh)
  • Do you speak English?: Talar du engelska? (TAH-lahr doo ENG-elska) [with NG as in 'siNGer', not as in 'fiNGer']

Tagalog / Filipino (Malayo-Polynesian)

  • English: Ingls (ing-GLES)
  • Filipino: Pilipino (pih-lih-PIH-noh)
  • Tagalog: Tagalog (tah-GAH-lick)
  • hello: kumust (koo-mus-TAH)
  • good-bye: paalam (pa-AH-lam)
  • please: Depending on the nature of the verb, either pak- (pah-KEE) or mak- (mah-KEE) is attached as a prefix to a verb. ng (ngah) is optionally added after verb to increase politeness.
  • thank you: salamat (sah-LAH-mat)
  • that one: iyan (ee-YAN)
  • how much?: magkano? (mag-KAH-noh?)
  • yes: oo (O-awe) [o has neutral pronunciation]
  • no: hind (hin-DEH)
  • sorry: pasensya p (pah-SEN-shah PO)
  • I don't understand: Hind ko maintindihan (hin-DEE koh ma-in-TIN-dih-HAN)
  • Where's the bathroom?: Nasan ang banyo? (NA-sa-AN ang BAN-yoh?)
  • generic toast: Mabuhay! (mah-BOO-high) [literally - "long live"]
  • Do you speak English? Marunong ka bang magsalit ng Ingls? (mah-ROO-nohng kah bang mag-sah-li-TAH nahng eeng-GLESS?)

Tamil (Dravidian)

translation phrase IPA
Tamil தமிழ் t̪ɐmɨɹ
hello வணக்கம் Vanakkam
good-bye சென்று வருகிறேன் sentru varukireen
please தயவு செய்து dayavu seithu
thank you நன்றி nandri
sorry மன்னிக்கவும் mannikkavum
that one அது adhu
how much? எவ்வளவு evvalavu
yes ஆம் aam
no இல்லை illai
I don't understand எனக்குப் புரியவில்லை
Where's the bathroom? குளியலறை எங்கே உள்ளது?
generic toast (not used in formal occassions and to elders): (Hey) டேய்! dei
English ஆங்கிலம் aangilam
Do you speak English? நீங்கள் ஆங்கிலம் பேசுவீர்களா?

Tatar (Turkic)

  • ye - yes
  • yuq - no
  • isnme(sez)/sawmı(sız) - hello
  • slm - hi
  • saw bul(ığız)/xuş(ığız) - goodbye
  • znhar en - please
  • min - I
  • sin - you
  • ul - he / she / it
  • bez - we
  • sez - you
  • alar - they
  • millt - nation
  • İngliz() - English

Telugu (Dravidian)

  • Telugu: Andhra Bhasha
  • hello: namaskaaram
  • good-bye: Selavu
  • please: Daya chesi
  • thank you: Dhanyavadamulu
  • that one: adi
  • how much?: Enta
  • English: Aanglam
  • yes: Avunu
  • no: Kaadu
  • generic toast: Kakarakaaya vepudu

Tok Pisin (Neo-Melanesian English creole)

  • Tok Pisin: Tok Pisin
  • hello: gut de
  • good-bye: gut bai
  • please: plis
  • thank you: tenkyu
  • that one: em
  • how much?: haumas
  • English: Inglis
  • yes: yes
  • no: nogat
  • nevermind, it doesn't matter: maski
  • I don't know: mi no save (save is two syllables sa-ve)

Turkish (Turkic)

  • Turkish: Trke //
  • hello: merhaba /merhaba/
  • good day: Gnaydin
  • good bye: gle gle /gyle gyle/
  • please: ltfen /lytfen/
  • thank you: teşekkr ederim //
  • how much: ne kadar
  • English: İngilizce //
  • yes: evet
  • no: hayır //

Ukrainian (Slavic)

Note: adjectives have different forms when describing feminine, masculine or neuter nouns.

Translation Phrase IPA pronunciation Literally
Ukrainian f: українська

m: український
n: українське



ooh-kra-YEEN-ska

ooh-kra-YEEN-skiy
ooh-kra-YEEN-ske

hello привіт pri-VEET "greetings"
good-bye до побачення doh po-BAH-chen-nyah "until seeing"
please будь-ласка bood LA-ska "be kind"
thank you дякую DYA -koo-yoo


Vietnamese (Austroasiatic)

Translation Phrase
Vietnamese tiếng Việt
Hello cho
Good bye cho
Yes c
No khng
Thank you cm ơn
English tiếng Anh
zh:不同语言中的共同词组

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