Ice Hockey World Championships

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(Redirected from World Hockey Championship)

The Ice Hockey World Championships are an annual event organized by the International Ice Hockey Federation. They were preceded by the European Championships which were held from 1910 to 1932, and decided at the 1920 Summer Olympics for the first time. Subsequently ice hockey featured at the Winter Olympics, where the World Championship was decided when the two events occurred concurrently. The last time the World Championships were decided during the Olympic Games was at the 1968 Winter Olympics.



In the early days of the Championships, teams from Canada dominated. Between 1930 and 1939, Canadian teams won the tournament eight times. This occurred despite the fact that Canada sent a different team each year, as in those days Senior A amateur teams typically represented Canada.

The World War II years caused the Championships to be cancelled from 1940-46. Canadian teams continued to dominate the tournament in the early post-war era, but from 1954 onward the Championships became increasingly competitive, as USSR joined them this year, and teams Czechoslovakia and Sweden improved their skill level.

While the top European players were officially able to compete in the World Championships while retaining their amateur status, players in the National Hockey League were prohibited for many years from entering in the tournament. As the great majority of NHL players were Canadian nationals, this rule was seen by many as discriminatory against Canadian players. In 1970, the IIHF allowed Canada to send nine professionals from the ranks of the NHL and its affiliated minor leagues (though as the tournaments were held during the Stanley Cup playoffs, only a handful of them could actually compete). However, these rules were later rescinded after officials produced many reciprocal claims against them. It upset the Canadians, who felt that they should be allowed to send their best players as well. Canada boycotted the World Championships for seven years as a result, during which the IIHF moved the championships out of the Olympics in 1972 and 1976 in an attempt to resolve the issue.

In 1976, a new president of the IIHF finally allowed professionals on all teams, and Canada returned to competition the following year. By this time, the quality of play of European hockey had improved so much that even Canadian rosters filled with NHL players whose teams had missed the playoffs could not dominate. Not until 1994, 33 years after its previous championship, would Canada win the tournament again. The breakup of the Soviet Union, which dominated the Championships for much of the three decades after Canada's dominance ended, and of Czechoslovakia, which won in most of the years in which the Soviets did not, brought about unprecedented parity to the international game. By the early 1990's, many European countries' best players were also competing in the NHL, and the ones who were not represented a number of different countries.

In recent championships, the two nations of the former Czechoslovakia have fared extremely well in international play, accounting for four straight championships between 1999-2002 – the first three by the Czech Republic and the latter by Slovakia. (The Czech side also won the 1998 Winter Olympic gold medal in Nagano, Japan). Canada has recently returned to prominance, capturing the 2003 and 2004 World Championships as well as the 2002 Winter Olympic gold medal at Salt Lake City. The Czech Republic won the 2005 World Championship.

The Playing Format

The modern format for the World Championships features a minimum of 40 teams: 16 teams in the main group, 12 teams in Division I and 12 teams in Division II. If there are more than 40 teams, the rest compete in Division III.

The main group features 16 teams split into 4 groups. The teams play each other in a round robin format, and the top 3 teams in each advance into another round of group play, this time with 2 groups of 6. After another robin round format, the top 4 teams in each advance into an 8 team knockout playoff, which eventually decides the championship.

The bottom teams in the first groups will play in another group as well, this group will determine relegation. After round-robin format, the bottom two teams are usually relegated to the Division I. Japan typically did not get relegated, as the IIHF has held a "Far East Qualifier" since 1998 to develop the popularity of the sport in the region, the winner of which gets an automatic berth. Japan has always won this tournament. Due to the lack of success in popularising hockey in the Far East, little improvement in the quality of play, and poor prospects for any related marketing, the IIHF has discontinued the practice in the 2005 Championships, relegating Japan to compete in Division I.

After the World Championship group are the two 6-team Division I groups. Those groups play in a round robin format and the winner of the respective groups are promoted to the world championship group, while the last place teams in each are demoted to Division II. Division II works similarly to Division I, having two 6-team groups and the last place teams in these groups are subject to a Division III, a qualifying group which determines entry into Division II the following season. There is no relegation from Division III.

IIHF European Championships

Year Gold Silver Bronze Venue
1910 Template:GBRh Template:GERh1 Template:BELh Les Avants
1911 Template:BOHh Template:GERh1 Template:BELh Berlin
1912 Cancelled
1913 Template:BELh Template:BOHh Template:GERh1 Munich
1914 Template:BOHh Template:GERh1 Template:BELh Berlin
No Championships 1915-1920 (World War I)
1921 Template:SWEh Template:TCHh (only two teams) Stockholm
1922 Template:TCHh Template:SWEh Template:SUIh St. Moritz
1923 Template:SWEh Template:FRAh Template:TCHh Antwerp
1924 Template:SWEh Template:SUIh Template:TCHh Milan
1925 Template:TCHh Template:AUTh Template:SUIh Strbske Pleso/Stary Smokovec
1926 Template:SUIh Template:TCHh Template:AUTh Davos
1927 Template:AUTh Template:BELh Template:GERh Vienna
1929 Template:TCHh Template:POLh Template:AUTh Budapest
1932 Template:SWEh Template:AUTh Template:SUIh Berlin


  1. Berlin 1932 was the last separate IIHF European Championship event.
  2. European Championships medals were awarded to the European participants of the IIHF World Championships until 1991.

IIHF World Championships

Year Gold Silver Bronze Venue
1920 Template:CANh1 Template:USAh1 Template:TCHh Antwerp (Olympics
1924 Template:CANh2 Template:USAh1 Template:GBRh Chamonix (Olympics
1928 Template:CANh2 Template:SWEh Template:SUIh St. Moritz (Olympics
1930 Template:CANh2 Template:GERh Template:SUIh Chamonix/Berlin
1931 Template:CANh2 Template:USAh1 Template:AUTh Krynica
1932 Template:CANh2 Template:USAh1 Template:GERh Lake Placid (Olympics
1933 Template:USAh1 Template:CANh2 Template:TCHh Prague
1934 Template:CANh2 Template:USAh1 Template:GERh1 Milan
1935 Template:CANh2 Template:SUIh Template:GBRh Davos
1936 Template:GBRh Template:CANh2 Template:USAh1 Garmisch-Partenkirchen (Olympics
1937 Template:CANh2 Template:GBRh Template:SUIh London
1938 Template:CANh2 Template:GBRh Template:TCHh Prague
1939 Template:CANh2 Template:USAh1 Template:SUIh Zürich/Basel
No Championships 1940-1946 (World War II)
1947 Template:TCHh Template:SWEh Template:AUTh Prague
1948 Template:CANh2 Template:TCHh Template:SUIh St. Moritz (Olympics
1949 Template:TCHh Template:CANh2 Template:USAh1 Stockholm
1950 Template:CANh2 Template:USAh1 Template:SUIh London
1951 Template:CANh2 Template:SWEh Template:SUIh Paris
1952 Template:CANh2 Template:USAh1 Template:SWEh Oslo (Olympics
1953 Template:SWEh Template:FRGh Template:SUIh Zürich/Basel
1954 Template:URSh Template:CANh2 Template:SWEh Stockholm
1955 Template:CANh2 Template:URSh Template:TCHh Krefeld/Dortmund/Cologne
1956 Template:URSh Template:USAh1 Template:CANh2 Cortina (Olympics
1957 Template:SWEh Template:URSh Template:TCHh Moscow
1958 Template:CANh2 Template:URSh Template:SWEh Oslo
1959 Template:CANh2 Template:URSh Template:TCHh Prague/Bratislava
1960 Template:USAh2 Template:CANh2 Template:URSh Squaw Valley (Olympics
1961 Template:CANh2 Template:TCHh Template:URSh Geneva/Lausanne
1962 Template:SWEh Template:CANh2 Template:USAh Colorado Springs/Denver
1963 Template:URSh Template:SWEh Template:TCHh Stockholm
1964 Template:URSh Template:SWEh Template:CANh Innsbruck (Olympics)¹²
1965 Template:URSh Template:TCHh Template:SWEh Tampere
1966 Template:URSh Template:TCHh Template:CANh Ljubljana
1967 Template:URSh Template:SWEh Template:CANh Vienna
1968 Template:URSh Template:TCHh Template:CANh Grenoble (Olympics
1969 Template:URSh Template:SWEh Template:TCHh Stockholm
1970 Template:URSh Template:SWEh Template:TCHh Stockholm
1971 Template:URSh Template:TCHh Template:SWEh Berne/Geneva
1972 Template:TCHh Template:URSh Template:SWEh Prague
1973 Template:URSh Template:SWEh Template:TCHh Moscow
1974 Template:URSh Template:TCHh Template:SWEh Helsinki
1975 Template:URSh Template:TCHh Template:SWEh Munich/Düsseldorf
1976 Template:TCHh Template:URSh Template:SWEh Katowice
1977 Template:TCHh Template:SWEh Template:URSh Vienna
1978 Template:URSh Template:TCHh Template:CANh Prague
1979 Template:URSh Template:TCHh Template:SWEh Moscow
1981 Template:URSh Template:SWEh Template:TCHh Gothenburg/Stockholm
1982 Template:URSh Template:TCHh Template:CANh Helsinki/Tampere
1983 Template:URSh Template:TCHh Template:CANh Düsseldorf/Dortmund/Munich
1985 Template:TCHh Template:CANh Template:URSh Prague
1986 Template:URSh Template:SWEh Template:CANh Moscow
1987 Template:SWEh Template:URSh Template:TCHh Vienna
1989 Template:URSh Template:CANh Template:TCHh Stockholm/Södertälje
1990 Template:URSh Template:SWEh Template:TCHh Berne/Fribourg
1991 Template:SWEh Template:CANh Template:URSh Turku/Helsinki/Tampere
1992 Template:SWEh Template:FINh Template:TCHh Prague/Bratislava
1993 Template:RUSh Template:SWEh Template:CZEh Dortmund/Munich
1994 Template:CANh Template:FINh Template:SWEh Bolzano/Canazei/Milano
1995 Template:FINh Template:SWEh Template:CANh Stockholm/Gävle
1996 Template:CZEh Template:CANh Template:USAh Vienna
1997 Template:CANh Template:SWEh Template:CZEh Helsinki/Turku/Tampere
1998 Template:SWEh Template:FINh Template:CZEh Zürich/Basel
1999 Template:CZEh Template:FINh Template:SWEh Oslo/Lillehammer/Hamar
2000 Template:CZEh Template:SVKh Template:FINh St. Petersburg
2001 Template:CZEh Template:FINh Template:SWEh Cologne/Hanover/Nuremberg
2002 Template:SVKh Template:RUSh Template:SWEh Göteborg/Karlstad/Jönköping
2003 Template:CANh Template:SWEh Template:SVKh Helsinki/Tampere/Turku
Template:CANh Template:SWEh Template:USAh Prague/Ostrava
Template:CZEh Template:CANh Template:RUSh Innsbruck/Vienna
2007 St. Petersburg or Moscow
2008 Halifax/Quebec City
2009 Switzerland
2010 Cologne and Mannheim, Germany


  1. All Olympic Hockey Ice Hockey Tournaments between 1920 and 1968 also counted as World Championships.
  2. The 1964 Olympic ice hockey tournament produced two different final standings, one for the Olympic medals and one for the World Championship.
  3. In the Olympic years 1980, 1984 and 1988, no IIHF World Championships were staged.

Medal Table

Country Gold Silver Bronze Medals
Template:CANh 23 11 10 44
Template:URSh 22 7 5 34
Template:SWEh 7 18 14 39
Template:TCHh 6 12 15 33
Template:CZEh 5 0 3 8
Template:USAh 2 9 5 16
Template:FINh 1 5 1 7
Template:GBRh 1 2 2 5
Template:RUSh 1 1 1 3
Template:SVKh 1 1 1 3
Template:SUIh 0 1 8 9
Template:GERh 0 1 2 3
Template:FRGh 0 1 0 1
Template:AUTh 0 0 2 2

IIHF World Women Championships

See: IIHF World Women Championships

Junior World Championships

IIHF also conducts Junior World Championships in two age groups: for Under-20 and Under-18 players. They are organized according to a system similar to World Championships, with the main group and Divisions I, II and III but the number of teams is smaller.

IIHF World U20 Championships

Year Gold Silver Bronze Venue
1977 Missing image

Soviet Union
Template:CAN Czechoslovakia Banska Bystrica/Zvolen
1978 Missing image

Soviet Union
Template:SWE Template:CAN Montreal
1979 Missing image

Soviet Union
Czechoslovakia Template:SWESweden Karlstad
1980 Missing image

Soviet Union
Template:FIN Template:SWE Helsinki
1981 Template:SWE Template:FIN Missing image

Soviet Union
1982 Template:CAN Czechoslovakia Template:FIN Minnesota
1983 Missing image

Soviet Union
Czechoslovakia Template:CAN Leningrad
1984 Missing image

Soviet Union
Template:FIN Czechoslovakia Norrköping/Nyköping
1985 Template:CAN Czechoslovakia Missing image

Soviet Union
1986 Missing image

Soviet Union
Template:CAN Template:USA Hamilton
1987 Template:FIN Czechoslovakia Template:SWE Piestany
1988 Template:CAN Missing image

Soviet Union
Template:FIN Moscow
1989 Missing image

Soviet Union
Template:SWE Czechoslovakia Anchorage
1990 Template:CAN Missing image

Soviet Union
Czechoslovakia Helsinki/Turku
1991 Template:CAN Missing image

Soviet Union
Czechoslovakia Saskatoon
1992 Missing image

Soviet Union
Template:SWE Template:USA Fussen/Kaufbeuren
1993 Template:CAN Template:SWE Czechoslovakia Gävle
1994 Template:CAN Template:SWE Template:RUS Ostrava/Frydek Mistek
1995 Template:CAN Template:RUS Template:SWE Alberta
1996 Template:CAN Template:SWE Template:RUS Boston
1997 Template:CAN Template:USA Template:RUS Geneva/Morges
1998 Template:FIN Template:RUS Template:SUI Helsinki/Hämeenlinna
1999 Template:RUS Template:CAN Template:SVK Winnipeg
2000 Czech Republic Template:RUS Template:CAN Skellefteå/Umeå
2001 Czech Republic Template:FIN Template:CAN Moscow/Podolsk
2002 Template:RUS Template:CAN Template:FIN Pardubice/Hradec Kralove
2003 Template:RUS Template:CAN Template:FIN Halifax/Sydney
Template:USA Template:CAN Template:FIN Helsinki/Hämeenlinna
Template:CAN Template:RUS Czech Republic Grand Forks/Thief River Falls

IIHF World U18 Championships

Year Gold Silver Bronze Venue
1999 Template:FIN Template:SWE Template:SVK Fussen/Kaufbeuren
2000 Template:FIN Template:RUS Template:SWE Kloten/Weinfelden
2001 Template:RUS Template:SUI Template:FIN Heinola/Helsinki/Lahti
2002 Template:USA Template:RUS Template:CZE Piestany/Trnava
2003 Template:CAN Template:SVK Template:RUS Yaroslavl
2004 Template:RUS Template:USA Template:CZE Minsk
2005 Template:USA Template:CAN Template:SWE Ceske Budejovice/Plzen

See also

External links/Sources

  • World Championships web site ( - current Men's World Championships
  • Result archive ( - Full results for men's, women's and junior championships since 1999 and medalists for all tournaments.
  • (
  • Hockey Almanac (

de:Eishockey-Weltmeisterschaft fr:Championnat du monde de hockey lv:Pasaules hokeja čempionāts sv:VM i ishockey


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