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William McKinley

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William McKinley
William McKinley
Order25th President
Term of OfficeMarch 4, 1897 - September 14, 1901
PredecessorGrover Cleveland
SuccessorTheodore Roosevelt
Date of BirthJanuary 29, 1843
Place of BirthNiles, Ohio
Date of DeathSeptember 14, 1901
Place of DeathBuffalo, New York
OccupationLawyer
First Lady:Ida Saxton McKinley
Political PartyRepublican
Vice President

William McKinley (January 29, 1843September 14, 1901) was the 25th President of the United States, from 1897 until his assassination in 1901. His term is remembered for great expansion and conquest. He annexed Cuba and Philippines, and conquered Hawaii.

Contents

Biography

Born in Niles, Ohio on January 29, 1843, William McKinley was seventh of nine children. His parents, William and Nancy (Allison) McKinley were of Scottish ancestry. He attended the public schools, Poland Academy, and Allegheny College, but McKinley fell ill and had to return home. While at Allegheny McKinley joined the Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity; at his later inauguration as president the only jewelry that McKinley wore was his fraternity pin. On June 23, 1861, at the start of the American Civil War, he enlisted in the Union Army, as a private in the Twenty-third Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry (http://www.ohiocivilwar.com/cw23.html), and was mustered out as Captain and brevet Major of the same regiment in September 1865.

Following the war, McKinley attended Albany Law School in Albany, New York, being admitted to the bar in 1867. He commenced practice in Canton, Ohio. He was prosecuting attorney of Stark County, Ohio, 1869-1871, and was elected as a Republican to the Forty-fifth, Forty-sixth, and Forty-seventh U.S. Congress (March 4, 1877-March 3, 1883). He was chairman of the Committee on Revision of the Laws (Forty-seventh Congress). He presented his credentials as a Member-elect to the Forty-eighth Congress and served from March 4, 1883, until May 27, 1884, when he was succeeded by Jonathan H. Wallace, who successfully contested his election. McKinley was again elected to the Forty-ninth, Fiftieth, and Fifty-first Congresses (March 4, 1885-March 3, 1891). He was chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means (Fifty-first Congress). In 1890, he authored the unpopular McKinley Tariff.

McKinley was an unsuccessful candidate for re-election in 1890 to the Fifty-second Congress. He was a delegate to the Republican National Conventions in 1884, 1888, and 1892. Standing for election with his running mate Andrew L. Harris, McKinley was elected Governor of Ohio in 1891, and reelected in 1893, serving until January 13, 1896.

Presidency

William McKinley was elected President of the United States in 1896, defeating William Jennings Bryan.

In 1898, McKinley launched the trust-busting era when he appointed several Senators (and his former Lt. Governor Andrew L. Harris) to the U.S. Industrial Commission. Later, the Industrial Commission's report to Theodore Roosevelt would lay the groundwork for Roosevelt's attacks on trusts and 'malefactors of great wealth'.

McKinley led the country into the Spanish-American War, bringing the former colonies of Spain in the Philippines and Caribbean Sea under American control. Despite some vocal domestic opposition, his administration ushered the U.S. into the "New Imperialism" of the era.

He was re-elected in 1900, again beating Bryan.

Leon Czolgosz shoots President McKinley with a concealed revolver.
Enlarge
Leon Czolgosz shoots President McKinley with a concealed revolver.

Assassination

McKinley was shot by Leon F. Czolgosz on September 6, 1901, while attending the Pan American Exposition in Buffalo, New York, and died from his wounds there on September 14, 1901. He was the third U.S. president to be assassinated. His body was interred in the McKinley Monument adjacent to West Lawn Cemetery in Canton, Ohio. President Theodore Roosevelt, Ohio Governor Andrew L. Harris and other speakers saluted the fallen President at the McKinley Memorial.

McKinley's portrait appeared on the U.S. $500 bill from 1928 to 1946.

McKinley had a pet parrot named 'Washington Post'.

Cabinet

OFFICENAMETERM
PresidentWilliam McKinley1897–1901
Vice PresidentGarret A. Hobart1897–1899
 Theodore Roosevelt1901
Secretary of StateJohn Sherman1897–1898
 William R. Day1898
 John Hay1898–1901
Secretary of the TreasuryLyman J. Gage1897–1901
Secretary of WarRussell A. Alger1897–1899
 Elihu Root1899–1901
Attorney GeneralJoseph McKenna1897–1898
 John W. Griggs1898–1901
 Philander C. Knox1901
Postmaster GeneralJames A. Gary1897–1898
 Charles E. Smith1898–1901
Secretary of the NavyJohn D. Long1897–1901
Secretary of the InteriorCornelius N. Bliss1897–1899
 Ethan A. Hitchcock1899–1901
Secretary of AgricultureJames Wilson1897–1901


Supreme Court appointments

McKinley appointed the following Justices to the Supreme Court of the United States:

Significant events during presidency

History Clipart and Pictures

See also

References


External links


Preceded by:
Laurin D. Woodworth
U.S. Congressman for the 17th District of Ohio
1877-1879
Succeeded by:
James Monroe
Preceded by:
Lorenzo Danford
U.S. Congressman for the 16th District of Ohio
1879-1881
Succeeded by:
Jonathan T. Updegraff
Preceded by:
James Monroe
U.S. Congressman for the 17th District of Ohio
1881-1883
Succeeded by:
Joseph D. Taylor
Preceded by:
Addison S. McClure
U.S. Congressman for the 18th District of Ohio
1883-1884
Succeeded by:
Jonathan H. Wallace
Preceded by:
David R. Page
U.S. Congressman for the 20th District of Ohio
1885-1887
Succeeded by:
George W. Crouse
Preceded by:
Isaac H. Taylor
U.S. Congressman for the 18th District of Ohio
1887-1891
Succeeded by:
Joseph D. Taylor
Preceded by:
Roger Q. Mills
Chairman of the U.S. House Committee on Ways and Means
1889-1891
Succeeded by:
William M. Springer
Preceded by:
James E. Campbell
Governor of Ohio
1892 – 1896
Succeeded by:
Asa S. Bushnell
Preceded by:
Benjamin Harrison
Republican Party Presidential candidate
1896 (won), 1900 (won)
Succeeded by:
Theodore Roosevelt
Preceded by:
Grover Cleveland
President of the United States
March 4, 1897September 14, 1901
Succeeded by:
Theodore Roosevelt

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