Turing Award

The A.M. Turing Award is given annually by the Association for Computing Machinery to a person selected for contributions of a technical nature made to the computing community. The contributions should be of lasting and major technical importance to the computer field. Most of the recipients have been computer scientists.

The award is named after Alan Mathison Turing (1912-1954), a British mathematician considered to be one of the fathers of modern computer science.

The Turing Award is often recognized as the "Nobel Prize of computing". It is sponsored by Intel Corporation and currently is accompanied by a prize of $100,000.

The award recipients, and the field in which they earned the recognition are listed below. Refer to the individual recipients for more detailed information on their achievements.



Most of Turing Award recepients are Americans. Here is the national distribution of Turing Award recepients from 1966 to 2004.

  • USA: 35
  • United Kingdom: 5
  • Israel: 3
  • Canada: 2
  • Norway: 2
  • Netherlands: 1
  • Switzerland: 1

Turing Award recipients

Year Name(s) Citation
1966 Alan J. Perlis For his influence in the area of advanced programming techniques and compiler construction
1967 Maurice V. Wilkes Professor Wilkes is best known as the builder and designer of the EDSAC, the first computer with an internally stored program. Built in 1949, the EDSAC used a mercury delay line memory. He is also known as the author, with Wheeler and Gill, of a volume on "Preparation of Programs for Electronic Digital Computers" in 1951, in which program libraries were effectively introduced
1968 Richard Hamming For his work on numerical methods, automatic coding systems, and error-detecting and error-correcting codes
1969 Marvin Minsky artificial intelligence
1970 James H. Wilkinson For his research in numerical analysis to facilitiate the use of the high-speed digital computer, having received special recognition for his work in computations in linear algebra and "backward" error analysis
1971 John McCarthy Dr. McCarthy's lecture "The Present State of Research on Artificial Intellegence" is a topic that covers the area in which he has achieved considerable recognition for his work
1972 Edsger Dijkstra Edsger Dijkstra was a principal contributor in the late 1950's to the development of the ALGOL, a high level programming language which has become a model of clarity and mathematical rigor. He is one of the principal exponents of the science and art of programming languages in general, and has greatly contributed to our understanding of their structure, representation, and implementation. His fifteen years of publications extend from theoretical articles on graph theory to basic manuals, expository texts, and philosophical contemplations in the field of programming languages
1973 Charles W. Bachman For his outstanding contributions to database technology
1974 Donald E. Knuth For his major contributions to the analysis of algorithms and the design of programming languages, and in particular for his contributions to the "art of computer programming" through his well-known books in a continuous series by this title
1975 Allen Newell and Herbert A. Simon In joint scientific efforts extending over twenty years, initially in collaboration with J. C. Shaw at the RAND Corporation, and subsequentially with numerous faculty and student collegues at Carnegie-Mellon University, they have made basic contributions to artificial intelligence, the psychology of human cognition, and list processing
1976 Michael O. Rabin and Dana S. Scott For their joint paper "Finite Automata and Their Decision Problem," which introduced the idea of nondeterministic machines, which has proved to be an enormously valuable concept. Their (Scott & Rabin) classic paper has been a continuous source of inspiration for subsequent work in this field
1977 John Backus For profound, influential, and lasting contributions to the design of practical high-level programming systems, notably through his work on FORTRAN, and for seminal publication of formal procedures for the specification of programming languages
1978 Robert W. Floyd For having a clear influence on methodologies for the creation of efficient and reliable software, and for helping to found the following important subfields of computer science: the theory of parsing, the semantics of programming languages, automatic program verification, automatic program synthesis, and analysis of algorithms
1979 Kenneth E. Iverson For his pioneering effort in programming languages and mathematical notation resulting in what the computing field now knows as APL, for his contributions to the implementation of interactive systems, to educational uses of APL, and to programming language theory and practice
1980 C. Antony R. Hoare For his fundamental contributions to the definition and design of programming languages
1981 Edgar F. Codd database management systems, esp. relational databases
1982 Stephen A. Cook complexity of computation
1983 Ken Thompson and Dennis M. Ritchie generic operating systems theory, implementation of UNIX operating system
1984 Niklaus Wirth computer language development
1985 Richard M. Karp theory of algorithms esp. the theory of NP-completeness
1986 John Hopcroft and Robert Tarjan design and analysis of algorithms and data structures
1987 John Cocke theory of compilers, architecture of large systems, development of reduced instruction set computers (RISC)
1988 Ivan Sutherland computer graphics
1989 William (Velvel) Kahan numerical analysis
1990 Fernando J. Corbató CTSS and Multics
1991 Robin Milner LCF, ML, CCS
1992 Butler W. Lampson distributed, personal computing environments
1993 Juris Hartmanis and Richard E. Stearns computational complexity theory
1994 Edward Feigenbaum and Raj Reddy large scale artificial intelligence systems
1995 Manuel Blum computational complexity theory, its application to cryptography and program checking
1996 Amir Pnueli temporal logic, program and systems verification
1997 Douglas Engelbart interactive computing
1998 James Gray database and transaction processing
1999 Frederick P. Brooks, Jr. computer architecture, operating systems, software engineering
2000 Andrew Chi-Chih Yao theory of computation incl. pseudorandom number generation, cryptography, and communication complexity
2001 Ole-Johan Dahl and Kristen Nygaard object oriented programming
2002 Ronald L. Rivest, Adi Shamir and Leonard M. Adleman public key cryptography
2003 Alan Kay object oriented programming
2004 Vinton G. Cerf and Robert E. Kahn TCP/IP Protocol

See also

External link

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