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Styrene

From Academic Kids

Styrene
Missing image
Styrol(Delokalisierung).png
Styrene

General
Systematic name Phenylethene
Other names Vinyl benzene,
cinnamene, styrol
Molecular formula C8H8
SMILES c1ccccc1C=C
Molar mass 104.15 g/mol
Appearance colourless oily liquid
CAS number [100-42-5]
Properties
Density and phase 0.9 g/cm3
Solubility in water < 1%
Melting point -30 C (? K)
Boiling point 145 C (? K)
Acidity (pKa)  ?
Basicity (pKb)  ?
Chiral rotation [α]D  ?
Viscosity  ? cP at ? C
Structure
Molecular shape  ?
Coordination geometry  ?
Crystal structure  ?
Dipole moment  ? D
Hazards
MSDS External MSDS
Main hazards flammable
Flash point  ? C
R/S statement R: 10-36 S: 38-20-23
RTECS number  ?
Supplementary data page
Structure & properties n, εr, etc.
Thermodynamic data Phase behaviour
Solid, liquid, gas
Spectral data UV, IR, NMR, MS
Related compounds
Other anions  ?
Other cations  ?
Related ?  ?
Related compounds  ?
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state (at 25°C, 100 kPa)
Infobox disclaimer and references

Styrene (also vinyl benzene, ethenylbenzene, phenethylene, cinnamene, diarex HF 77, styrolene, styrol, styropol) is an organic compound which is an aromatic hydrocarbon having the chemical formula C8H8. At room temperature and pressure, styrene is a liquid. The chemical structure is shown at right. It is colourless, oily, toxic, flammable, and occurs in very small amounts in some plants, but is produced in industrial quantities from petroleum. Because the styrene molecule has a vinyl group with a double bond, it can readily undergo polymerization. It is used as a monomer to make plastics such as polystyrene, ABS, styrene-butadiene (SBS) rubber, styrene-butadiene latex and unsaturated polyesters. It evaporates easily and has a sweet smell. It often contains other chemicals that give it a sharp, unpleasant smell.

It dissolves in many organic liquids but does not dissolve significantly in water. Millions of tonnes per day are produced to make products such as rubber, plastic, insulation, fiberglass, pipes, automobile parts, food containers, and carpet backing.

Most of these products contain styrene linked together in a long chain (polystyrene) as well as unlinked styrene. Low levels of styrene also occur naturally in a variety of foods such as fruits, vegetables, nuts, beverages, and meats.

Its molecular formula is C8H8, or structurally C6H5C2H3. It is synthesized by heating ethyl benzene (EB) with steam. The reversible chemical reaction is

C6H5C2H5 ←→ C6H5C2H3 + H2

Missing image
Ethylbenzene_to_Styrene.PNG
Image:Ethylbenzene to Styrene.PNG

Health effects

Breathing high levels of styrene for a short time can result in nervous system effects such as depression, concentration problems, muscle weakness, tiredness, and nausea, and possibly eye, nose, and throat irritation.

Animals breathing styrene vapour in short-term studies damaged their nasal lining. Long-term exposure damaged the liver. There is no information on human health effects of breathing low levels for a long time, but effects are likely to be similar.

There is also little information on human health effects from eating or touching styrene. Animal studies show that ingestion of high levels of styrene over several weeks can cause damage to the liver, kidneys, brain, and lungs. When styrene was applied to the skin of rabbits, it caused irritation.

There is no information as to whether breathing, ingesting, or touching styrene affects foetal development (teratogenic) or human reproduction. In animal studies, short-term exposure to very high levels resulted in some reproductive and developmental effects.

The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has determined that styrene is possibly carcinogenic to humans. Several studies of workers have shown that breathing styrene may cause leukemia. There is no information on the carcinogenicity of styrene in people who swallow it or get it on their skin. Studies in animals that breathed or ate styrene suggest that it is weakly carcinogenic.de:Styrol nl:Styreen fi:Styreeni sv:Styren pl:Styren zh:苯乙烯

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