Organon

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This article discusses the consitution of Aristotle's logical works. For information about the pharmaceutical company, see Organon International.

The Organon is the name given by Aristotle's followers, the Peripatetics, for the standard collection of six of his works on logic. The system of logic described in those works, and their historical significance, is discussed in the article on Aristotelian logic.

Contents

Constitution of the texts

The order of the works is not chronological (which is now hard to determine), but was deliberately chosen by the Peripatetics to constitute a well-structered system; indeed some parts of them seem to be a scheme of a lecture on logic. The arranging of the works was conducted by Andronicus of Rhodes around 40 BC.Template:Rf

Aristotle's Metaphysics has many points of intellectual overlap with the works making up the Organon, but is not traditionally considered part of it; additionally there are works on logic attributed, with varying degrees of plausibility, to Aristotle that were not known to the Peripatetics.

Categories

The Categories (Latin: Categoriae) introduces Aristotle's 10-fold classification of that which exists;

On Interpretation

Main article: On Interpretation

On Interpretation (Latin: De Interpretatione) provides Aristotle's principal contribution to philosophy of language;

Prior Analytics

Main article: Prior Analytics

The Prior Analytics (Latin: Analytica Priora) introduces his syllogistic method, which is discussed in the article on term logic.

Posterior Analytics

The Prior Analytics (Latin: Analytica Priora) discusses the syllogistic system of the Prior Analytics, and argues for its correctness.

Topics

The Topics (Latin: Topica) treats issues in constructing valid arguments.

On Sophistical Refutations

On Sophistical Refutations (Latin:De Sophisticis Elenchis) gives a treatment of logical fallacies.

References

External links

Notes

Template:Ent Hammond, p. 64, "Andronicus Rhodus"


Template:Philo-stubde:Organon (Aristoteles) fr:Organon hu:Organon fi:Organon

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