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Object Verb Subject

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Linguistic typology
Morphological typology
Analytic language
Synthetic language
Fusional language
Agglutinative language
Polysynthetic language
Oligosynthetic language
Morphosyntactic alignment
Theta role
Syntactic pivot
Nominative-accusative language
Ergative-absolutive language
Active language
Tripartite language
Time Manner Place
Place Manner Time
Subject Verb Object
Subject Object Verb
Verb Subject Object
Verb Object Subject
Object Subject Verb
Object Verb Subject
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Object Verb Subject (OVS) is one of the permutations of expression used in linguistic typology. OVS denotes the sequence 'Object Verb Subject' in unmarked expressions: Oranges ate Sam, Thorns have roses.


OVS languages are a type of languages when classifying languages according to the dominant sequence of these constituents. In this case the sequence of the constituents Object Verb Subject. This sequence is the rarest. Examples of human languages that actually use it include Guarijio and Hixkaryana.

Although not dominant, this sequence is also possible when the object is stressed in languages that have relatively free word order due to case marking. Romanian, Swedish, Basque and Esperanto are some examples.

This sequence was chosen for the artificial language Klingon, a language spoken by the extraterrestrial Klingon race in the fictional universe of the Star Trek series, in order to make the language sound deliberately alien and counterintuitive to the human mind. Thus, Klingon uses the rarest permutation of expression, which is expected given the designers' goals.

The permutations in the order of most common to rarest are:

See also

eo:Objekto Verbo Subjekto

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