North Sea

North sea

The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between Norway and Denmark in the east, the United Kingdom in the west, and Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium and France in the south. An offshoot of the North Sea is the Skagerrak, between Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, which connects to the Baltic Sea through the Kattegat, resund, the Great Belt and the Little Belt. In the south, the North Sea connects with the rest of the Atlantic through the Strait of Dover into the English Channel and in the north through the Norwegian Sea.

Major rivers that drain into the North Sea include the Elbe (at Cuxhaven), the Weser (at Bremerhaven), the Ems at Emden, the Rhine and Meuse (at Rotterdam), the Scheldt (at Flushing), the Thames, and the Humber (at Hull). The Kiel Canal, one of the world's busiest artificial waterways, connects the North Sea with the Baltic.

There is a substantial amount of oil and natural gas under the seabed: see North Sea oil.

In classical times this body of water was referred to as the Oceanum- or Mare Germanicum, meaning German Ocean or Sea. This name was commonly used in English and other languages along with the name "North Sea", until the early eighteenth century. By the late nineteenth century, German Sea was a rare, scholarly usage even in Germany. Its modern name is thought to have originated from a Frisian point of view which lies directly to the south of the North Sea (also see Zuiderzee). In Danish the North Sea is also named "Vesterhavet" (besides "Nordsen"), meaning "Western Ocean" as it is located west of Denmark.

The North Sea Flood of 1953 caused over 2,000 deaths in the United Kingdom and The Netherlands.

See also


Overview of geography, hydrography and climate of the North Sea (

External links

ang:Norþsǽ ca:Mar del Nord cs:Severní moře cy:Mr y Gogledd da:Nordsen de:Nordsee et:Phjameri es:Mar del Norte eo:Norda Maro fr:Mer du Nord it:Mar del Nord he:הים הצפוני la:Oceanus Fresonicus li:Noordzie lt:Šiaurės jūra nl:Noordzee nds:Noordsee ja:北海 no:Nordsjen pl:Morze Północne pt:Mar do Norte ro:Marea Nordică ru:Северное море sk:Severn more sl:Severno morje fi:Pohjanmeri sv:Nordsjn zh:北海


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