Man Ray

For other things called Man Ray, see Man Ray (disambiguation)

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Manrayphoto.jpg
Man Ray photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1934

Man Ray (August 27, 1890November 18, 1976) was an American Dada and surrealist photographer and film director.

Born Emmanuel Radnitzky in Philadelphia, produced his first significant photographs in 1918. Man Ray also painted, made objects and made avant-garde films.

While living in New York City, with his friend Marcel Duchamp, he formed the American branch of the Dada movement, which began in Europe as a radical rejection of traditional art. He co-founded the group of modern artists called Others.

After a few unsuccessful experiments, and notably after the publication of a unique issue of New York Dada in 1920, Man Ray stated, "Dada cannot live in New York", and in 1921 he went to live and work in the Montparnasse quarter of Paris during the era of great creativity. There he fell in love with famous French singer, Kiki (Alice Prin), often referred to as "Kiki de Montparnasse", who later became his favorite photographic model.

For the next 20 years in Montparnasse, Man Ray revolutionized the art of photography. Great artists of the day such as James Joyce, Gertrude Stein, Jean Cocteau posed for his camera.

With Jean Arp, Max Ernst, Andr Masson, Joan Mir, and Pablo Picasso, he was represented in the first surrealist exhibition at the Galerie Pierre in Paris in 1925.

Tomb of Man Ray
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Tomb of Man Ray

In 1934, surrealist artist Mret Oppenheim, known for her fur-covered tea cup, posed for Man Ray in what became a well-known series of photographs depicting the surrealist artist nude, standing next to a printing press.

Together with the surrealist photographer Lee Miller — his lover and photography assistant at the time — he invented the photographic technique of solarization. Man Ray also created a technique using photograms he called rayographs.

Later in life, Man Ray returned to the United States, where he lived in Los Angeles, California for a few years. However, he called Montparnasse home and he returned there where he died on November 18, 1976 and was interred in the Cimetire du Montparnasse, Paris, France. His epitaph reads: Unconcerned, but not indifferent.

External links

es:Man Ray fr:Man Ray it:Man Ray nl:Man Ray ja:マン・レイ pl:Man Ray sv:Man Ray

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