London Gazette

The London Gazette is the oldest surviving English newspaper and the oldest continuously-published newspaper in the world, having been first published on November 7, 1665. The Gazette is the official newspaper of the United Kingdom, wherein certain statutory notices are required to be published. It is not a conventional newspaper offering general news coverage, and does not have a large circulation.

The London Gazette was first published as the Oxford Gazette on 7 November 1665. Charles II and the Royal Court had moved to Oxford to escape the Great Plague in London, and courtiers were unwilling to touch, let alone read, London newspapers for fear of contagion. The Gazette was "Published by Authority" by Henry Muddiman, and its first publication is noted by Samuel Pepys in his diary. The King returned to London as the plague dissipated, and the Gazette moved too, with the first issue of the London Gazette (labelled No. 24) being published on 5 February 1666. However, the Gazette was not a newspaper in the modern sense: it was sent in manuscript by post to subscribers, not printed for sale to to the general public

Her Majesty's Stationery Office took over the publication of the Gazette in 1889.

As of 2005, the London Gazette is published each day, except for Saturdays, Sundays, and Bank Holidays. Notices for the following, among others, are published:

Also, Royal Proclamations and other Declarations are published in the Gazette. Her Majesty's Stationery Office is currently digitising the entire 20th Century, and the first 80 years (1900–1979) are currently available online.

In time of war, dispatches from the various conflicts are published in the London Gazette. People referred to are said to have been mentioned in dispatches. When members of the armed forces are promoted, and these promotions are published here, the person is said to have been “gazetted”.

The address of the London Gazette is:

  • London Gazette, PO Box 7923, London SE1 5ZH.
  • Telephone +44 (0)20 7394 4517.

See also

Colonial Gazettes

There are equivalent Government Gazettes for the following former colonies. They are available at the National Archives.

Bahamas Barbados British Bechuanaland British Columbia British Guiana British Honduras British New Guinea British North Borneo and Sabah Canada Cape of Good Hope Ceylon Cyprus Dominica East Africa and Uganda Falkland Islands Fiji Gambia Gibraltar Gold Coast Grenada Griqualand West Hong Kong Jamaica Kenya Labuan Lagos Leeward Islands Malta Mauritius Natal Negri Sembilan New Brunswick New South Wales New Zealand Newfoundland North-West Territories Northern Nigeria Nyasaland Orange River Colony Pahang Perak Prince Edward Island Queensland Selangor Seychelles Sierra Leone South Africa Company South Australia Southern Nigeria St Christopher, Nevis and Anguilla St Helena St Lucia St Vincent Straits Settlements Sungei Ujong Tasmania Tobago Transvaal Trinidad and Tobago Western Australia Vancouver Island Victoria

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