List of Canadian Prime Ministers

From Academic Kids

The Prime Ministers of Canada

While there is a long standard tradition of considering John A. Macdonald Canada's first Prime Minister, since he was prime minister after Canadian Confederation, a number of modern scholars, foremost amongst them John Ralston Saul, argue that Robert Baldwin and Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine are truly Canada's first Prime Ministers. They were the first to govern the Province of Canada (consisting then of only Canada East and Canada West — modern Quebec and Ontario, respectively) as democratically elected leaders.

  # Name Took Office Left Office Elected Party Electoral district

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

1. Sir John A. Macdonald (1st time) July 1, 1867 November 5, 1873 2 terms Liberal-Conservative Kingston (ON)

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2. Alexander Mackenzie November 7, 1873 October 8, 1878 1 term Liberal Lambton (ON)

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  Sir John A. Macdonald (2nd time) October 17, 1878 June 6, 1891 4 terms Conservative Victoria (BC), Carleton (ON), and Kingston (ON)

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3. Sir John Abbott June 16, 1891 November 24, 1892 none Conservative Inkerman* (QC)

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4. Sir John Thompson December 5, 1892 December 12, 1894 none Conservative Antigonish (NS)

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5. Sir Mackenzie Bowell December 21, 1894 April 27, 1896 none Conservative Hastings* (ON)

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6. Sir Charles Tupper May 1, 1896 July 8, 1896 none Conservative Cape Breton (NS)

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7. Sir Wilfrid Laurier July 11, 1896 October 7, 1911 4 terms Liberal Quebec East (QC)

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8. Sir Robert Laird Borden October 10, 1911 July 10, 1920 2 terms Conservative/Unionist (from 1917) Halifax (NS), Kings (NS)

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9. Arthur Meighen (1st time) July 10, 1920 December 29, 1921 none Unionist/National Liberal & Conservative Portage La Prairie (MB)

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10. William Lyon Mackenzie King (1st time) December 29, 1921 June 28, 1926 2 terms Liberal York North (ON)

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  Arthur Meighen (2nd time) June 29, 1926 September 25, 1926 none Conservative Portage La Prairie

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  William Lyon Mackenzie King (2nd time) September 25, 1926 August 7, 1930 1 term Liberal Prince Albert (SK)

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11. Richard Bedford Bennett August 7, 1930 October 23, 1935 1 term Conservative Calgary West (AB)

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  William Lyon Mackenzie King (3rd time) October 23, 1935 November 15, 1948 3 terms Liberal Prince Albert (SK), Glengarry (ON)

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12. Louis St. Laurent November 15, 1948 June 21, 1957 2 terms Liberal Quebec East (QC)

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13. John Diefenbaker June 21, 1957 April 22, 1963 3 terms Progressive Conservative Prince Albert (SK)

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14. Lester Bowles Pearson April 22, 1963 April 20, 1968 2 terms Liberal Algoma East (ON)

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15. Pierre Trudeau (1st time) April 20, 1968 June 3, 1979 3 terms Liberal Mount Royal (QC)

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16. Joe Clark June 4, 1979 March 2, 1980 1 term Progressive Conservative Yellowhead (AB)

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

  Pierre Trudeau (2nd time) March 3, 1980 June 30, 1984 1 term Liberal Mount Royal (QC)

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

17. John Napier Turner June 30, 1984 September 17, 1984 none Liberal Vancouver Quadra (BC)

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18. Brian Mulroney September 17, 1984 June 25, 1993 2 terms Progressive Conservative Manicouagan (QC), Charlevoix (QC)

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19. Kim Campbell June 25, 1993 November 4, 1993 none Progressive Conservative Vancouver Centre (BC)

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

20. Jean Chrétien November 4, 1993 December 12, 2003 3 terms Liberal Saint-Maurice (QC)

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

21. Paul Martin December 12, 2003 present 1 term Liberal LaSalle—Émard (QC)

</table>

*Senate district

Lists of Canadian first ministers
Federal Prime Minister
Provincial premiers

Alberta | British Columbia | Manitoba | New Brunswick | Newfoundland and Labrador | Nova Scotia | Ontario | Prince Edward Island | Quebec | Saskatchewan

Territorial premiers

Yukon | Northwest Territories | Nunavut

See also


For more lists of this type, see Lists of incumbents.

See also

Leader of the Opposition (Canada)de:Liste der Premierminister von Kanada fr:Liste des premiers ministres du Canada id:Perdana Menteri Kanada io:Prima ministri di Kanada pl:Premier Kanady pt:Lista de primeiros-ministros do Canadá

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