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Kazakh SSR

From Academic Kids

Қазақ Советтік
Социалистік Республикасы
Missing image
COA_Kazakh_SSR.png


(In Detail) (In Detail)
State motto:
''Барлық елдердің пролетарлары, бірігіңдер!
Image:SovietUnionKazakhstan.png
Official language None.

De facto, Kazakh and Russian.

Capital Almaty (Alma-Ata)
Chairman of the Supreme Council Nursultan Nazarbayev (at independence)
Established
In the USSR:
 - Since
 - Until
August 26 1920

December 30 1922
December 16 1991
Area
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 2nd in former Soviet Union
2,717,300 km
--
Population


 - Total (1989)
 - Density

Ranked 4th in the former Soviet Union


16,711,900
6.1/km

Currency Ruble (Сом)
Time zone UTC + 4 to +6
Anthem Anthem of Kazakh SSR

The Kazakh SSR, today called Kazakhstan, was the second largest constituent republic of the Soviet Union, in Central Asia. It was 2,717,300 square kilometres (1,063,200 square miles) in area and its capital was Alma-Ata.

The country is named after the Kazakh people, Turkic-speaking nomads who sustained a powerful khanate in the region before Russian and then Soviet domination. The Soviet Union's spaceport, now known as the Baikonur Cosmodrome was located in this republic at Tyuratam, with the secret town of Leninsk being constructed to accommodate the workers at the Cosmodrome.

Background

Established on August 26 1920, initially it was called Kirghiz ASSR ("A"-for Autonomous) and was a part of the Russian SFSR. On April 15-19, 1925 it was renamed into Kazakh ASSR and on December 5 1936 it became a separate republic of the USSR, called Kazakh SSR . During the 1950s and 1960s Soviet citizens were urged to help settle the "Virgin Lands" of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic. The influx of immigrants (mostly Russians, but including some deported minority nationalities) skewed the ethnic mixture and enabled non-Kazakhs to outnumber natives. The other nationalities included Ukrainians, Germans, Belarusians, Koreans, and others; the Germans at the time of independence formed about 8% of the population, the largest concentration of Germans in the entire Soviet Union. Independence has caused many of these newcomers to emigrate. Current issues include: resolving ethnic differences; speeding up market reforms; establishing stable relations with Russia, China, and other foreign powers; and developing and expanding the country's abundant energy resources.

On December 10 1991 Kazakh SSR was renamed into Republic of Kazakhstan and six days later became independent.

See also

zh:哈萨克苏维埃社会主义共和国

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