Junkers Ju 88

Junkers Ju 88
First FlightDecember 21, 1936
Entered ServiceSeptember, 1939
Length14.2 m46 ft 6 in
Wingspan18 m59 ft 0 in
Height4.7 m15 ft 5 in
Wing Area47.8 m²515 ft²
Empty3,900 kg8,600 lb
Loaded7,700 kg16,980 lb
Maximum takeoff kg lb
Engine2 × Junkers Jumo 211A
Power (each)900 kW1,200 hp
Maximum speed510 km/h @ 4,750 m317 mph @ 15,600ft
Combat range2,108 km1,310 miles
Ferry range km miles
Service ceiling9,080 m29,800 ft
Rate of climb m/min ft/min
Guns6 machine guns
Bombs1,200 kg (2,500 lb)

The Junkers Ju 88 was a WW2 Luftwaffe twin-engine multi-role aircraft. Among the most versatile planes of the war, it was used as a bomber, close-support aircraft, nightfighter, torpedo bomber and reconnaissance aircraft.

A solid aircraft with great performance, it went on to be the Luftwaffe's most important aircraft. It carried out almost every kind of mission ever imagined, even a giant flying bomb, in every theater, with many nations, including allied nations against Germany.

The aircraft's first flight was made by Prototype Ju 88V1 on December 21 1936. When it first flew, it managed about 360 mph (580 km/h) and Hermann Göring was ecstatic. Finally it was something that could positively fulfill the promise of the Schnellbomber, a bomber so fast fighters could not catch it.

Unfortunately, by the time everyone had their wish list added (including dive bombing), the speed dropped to around 280 mph (450 km/h). The draggy fuselage was modeled after its predecessor, the Dornier Do 17 but with fewer defensive guns because the belief still held it could run away from fighters. It was also very, very late. Planned for 1938, it finally entered service the day the Germans invaded Poland, and then with only 12 of them. Production was painfully slow, and problems with such an advanced machine kept cropping up. The Ju-88C series of heavy fighter was also created very early in 1940, but kept secret from Goering because he only wanted bombers.

The Ju-88A-1 series was first used in anti-shipping action close to Norway. Ju-88 bombers based at Westerland on the island of Sylt in north Germany carried out the first Luftwaffe raids against Britain. An attack on Rosyth on October 16 1939 succeeding in damaging three ships, but was then engaged in dogfights by Spitfires of 602 and 603 Squadrons of the RAF and two 88s were shot down in the Firth of Forth. A raid on Scapa Flow the next day lost one Ju-88 to anti-aircraft fire. All combat ready 88s (some 133) were pressed into the Blitzkrieg, but very high combat losses and accidents forced a quick withdrawal from combat to train crews to fly this very high performance beast. By this time it was seen that the A-1 had major performance issues, and all effort was put on a major rework. The outcome was a longer wingspan that was deemed needed for all A-1s, thus the A-5 was born. Surviving A-1s were rewinged to A-5 as quickly as possible.

The Battle of Britain proved very costly. Its faster speed did not prevent Ju-88 losses greater than its Dornier Do 17 and Heinkel He 111 stable mates, despite being in smaller numbers than either. A blizzard of field kits were made to make it less vulnerable, including changing the single rear gun to two side-by-side guns, and adding armour to the cockpit.

It was during the closing days of the Battle of Britain that the flagship Ju88A-4 went into service. Although slower yet than the A-1, nearly all of the troubles of the A-1 were gone, and finally the 88 matured into the superb warplane it was hoped to be. The A-4 actually saw more improvements including more powerful engines but did not see a model code change, unlike other aircraft in the Luftwaffe. The 88C series also benefited from the A-4 changes, and when the Luftwaffe finally did decide on a new heavy fighter, the 88C was a powerful finished product.

There is no question the 88 (and upgraded 188) was one of the most versatile aircraft designs (out of necessity?) and an excellent all around performer, but its combat record was mixed. It never quite achieved the same notoriety as the Ju-87, B-25, or other contemporary bombers.

Various models of the Ju 88 were used in the day fighter, night fighter, tank destroyer, and photo reconnaissance roles. Despite the protracted development process, the aircraft became one of the Luftwaffe's most crucial assets.

Japanese Navy ordered the specifications of one antisubmarine Patrol/scort fleet aircraft,based in medium bomber plane.Kyushu company take idea from Ju 88 to created the japanese equivalent of this,Kyushu Q1W1 Tokai("East Sea") "Lorna" antisubmarine patrol/fleet scort aircraft.

Related content
Related development

Ju 188 Ju 388

Similar aircraft

de Havilland Mosquito - Petlyakov Pe-2

Designation series

Ju 85 - Ju 86 - Ju87 - Ju 88 - Ju 89 - Ju 90 - Ar 95

Related lists

List of military aircraft of Germany - List of bomber aircraft

Lists of Aircraft | Aircraft manufacturers | Aircraft engines | Aircraft engine manufacturers

Airports | Airlines | Air forces | Aircraft weapons | Missiles | Timeline of aviation

de:Junkers Ju 88 ja:Ju 88 nl:Junkers Ju 88 pl:Junkers Ju 88 fi:Junkers Ju 88


  • Art and Cultures
    • Art (https://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Art)
    • Architecture (https://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Architecture)
    • Cultures (https://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Cultures)
    • Music (https://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Music)
    • Musical Instruments (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/List_of_musical_instruments)
  • Biographies (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Biographies)
  • Clipart (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Clipart)
  • Geography (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Geography)
    • Countries of the World (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Countries)
    • Maps (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Maps)
    • Flags (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Flags)
    • Continents (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Continents)
  • History (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/History)
    • Ancient Civilizations (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Ancient_Civilizations)
    • Industrial Revolution (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Industrial_Revolution)
    • Middle Ages (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Middle_Ages)
    • Prehistory (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Prehistory)
    • Renaissance (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Renaissance)
    • Timelines (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Timelines)
    • United States (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/United_States)
    • Wars (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Wars)
    • World History (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/History_of_the_world)
  • Human Body (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Human_Body)
  • Mathematics (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Mathematics)
  • Reference (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Reference)
  • Science (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Science)
    • Animals (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Animals)
    • Aviation (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Aviation)
    • Dinosaurs (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Dinosaurs)
    • Earth (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Earth)
    • Inventions (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Inventions)
    • Physical Science (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Physical_Science)
    • Plants (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Plants)
    • Scientists (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Scientists)
  • Social Studies (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Social_Studies)
    • Anthropology (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Anthropology)
    • Economics (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Economics)
    • Government (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Government)
    • Religion (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Religion)
    • Holidays (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Holidays)
  • Space and Astronomy
    • Solar System (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Solar_System)
    • Planets (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Planets)
  • Sports (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Sports)
  • Timelines (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Timelines)
  • Weather (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Weather)
  • US States (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/US_States)


  • Home Page (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php)
  • Contact Us (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Contactus)

  • Clip Art (http://classroomclipart.com)
Personal tools