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Joachim Murat

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Joachim Murat, King of Naples, Marshal of France
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Joachim Murat, King of Naples, Marshal of France
Missing image
Franois_Pascal_Simon_Grard_005.jpg
Portrait by Franois Pascal Simon, Baron Grard, c. 1800-1810.

Joachim Murat, (March 25, 1767 - October 13, 1815), a marshal of France, was King of Naples from 1808 to 1815.

Contents

Life Account

He was born to Pierre Murat-Jordy (1721 - 1799) and Jeanne Loubieres (1721 - 1806). His father was an inkeeper.

Joachim rose in the French army to the rank of a general. He married Napoleon Bonaparte's sister Caroline in 1800, and was made a Marshal of France on May 18, 1804. Napoleon also granted him the title of, "First Horseman of Europe". He was appointed duke of Berg (in 1806 promoted to Grand duke)(until 1808) in 1806, and in 1808 to king of Naples.

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Due_Sicilie_-_12_carlini_1810.jpg
Murat on a coin of the Kingdom of Naples, 1810

A brilliant and dashing cavalry leader, Murat played an important part in Napoleon's victories. During Napoleon's defense of Tuileries (1795), Murat was successful in stealing forty cannon from the French National Guard. Without these cannon, Tuileries would have fallen, and the Directory would not have become the official government of France. Murat was equally useful in the Russian campaign (1812), and in the Battle of Leipzig (1813). After Leipzig, however, he reached (1814) an agreement with Austria in order to save his own throne. During the Hundred Days he deserted his new allies and re-joined Napoleon. Defeated by the Austrians at Tolentino, he fled to Corsica after Napoleon's fall. In an attempt to regain Naples he was arrested and executed.

"When the fatal moment arrived, Murat walked with a firm step to the place of execution, -- as calm, as unmoved, as if he had been going to an ordinary review. He would not accept a chair, nor suffer his eyes to be bound. "I have braved death (said he) too often to fear it." He stood upright, proudly and undauntedly, with his countenance towards the soldiers; and when all was ready, he kissed a cornelian on which the head of his wife was engraved, and gave the word -- thus, "Save my face -- aim at my heart -- fire!""

Children

Missing image
Giuseppe_Cammarano_001.jpg
Giuseppe Cammarano: Queen Caroline in the traditional costume of a Neapolitean farmer, 1813

He and Caroline were parents to four children:

References

Information about Murat's work in Tuileries found in Blundering to Glory by Owen Connelly. pg.20-21.

See also

Trivia

One of his descendants is Rene Auberjonois.

External link

Preceded by:
Joseph I
King of Naples Succeeded by:
Ferdinand IV
de:Joachim Murat

fr:Joachim Murat it:Gioacchino Murat nl:Joachim Murat ja:ジョアシャン・ミュラ pl:Joachim Murat sv:Joachim Murat

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