Apiaceae

From Academic Kids

Carrot family

Flower of Wild Carrot (Daucus carota)
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Magnoliopsida
Order:Apiales
Family:Apiaceae or Umbelliferae
Genera

See text
Ref: Hortiplex 2003-11-14 (http://hortiplex.gardenweb.com/plants/p1/gw3000704.html)

The Apiaceae or Umbelliferae (both names are allowed by the ICBN) are a family of usually aromatic plants with hollow stems, including parsley, carrot, and other relatives. It is a large family with about 300 genera and more than 3,000 species. The earlier name Umbelliferae derives from the inflorescence being in the form of a compound "umbel".

The small flowers are radially symmetrical with 5 small sepals, 5 petals and 5 stamens.

The family contains some highly toxic plants, such as hemlock, which was used to execute Socrates and also used to poison arrow tips. It also contains some highly useful plants, such as carrots, parsley, caraway, and fennel. Many plants in this family, such as wild carrot have estrogenic properties, and have been used as folk medicine for birth control. Most notable for this use is the extinct giant fennel, silphium.

Notable members include:

Genera

Missing image
Apiaceae_Pimpinella_anisum.jpg
Anise (Pimpinella anisum)
from Medical botany by William Woodville. London, James Phillips, 1793

da:Skrmplante-familien (Apiaceae) de:Doldenbltler es:Apiaceae eo:Apiacoj fr:Apiaceae la:Apiaceae lt:Salieriniai no:Skjermplantefamilien nn:Skjermplantefamilien ja:セリ科 zh:伞形科

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