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Aneto is the highest mountain in the Pyrenees. It lies in the Spanish province of Huesca, in the north of Aragon. It forms the southernmost part of the Maladeta massif. Its French name, Néthou, is falling out of favor as the mountain lies entirely within Spain.


The mountain's ascent is usually made from the Refuge of the Rencluse (2,140 m). From there, the itinerary traverses the longest part of the glacier that extends to the north of the peak.

The summit is defended by a short rocky passage called the Bridge of Mohammed. It is a narrow ridge of large, stable blocks, with an exposed void on each side. At the summit is an impressive cross and a contrasting view, with the snow-covered Maladeta massif to the north and the somber and dry Alto Aragon to the south.

First Ascent

On July 18, 1842, Platon de Tchihatcheff (Чихачёв, Chikhachev), a former Russian officer staying in Luchon, left from Bagnères-de-Luchon accompanied by guides Pierre Sanio de Luz, Luchonnais Bernard Arrazau and Pierre Redonnet. Also in the party were Albert de Franqueville, a Norman botanist, and his guide, Jean Sors. They took the trail from the hospice of France, crossed the Benasque pass, then spent the night at the shelter of La Renclusa, a simple construction of dry rocks that is now a large mountain refuge.

The next day, they crossed a pass towards Alba pass and lost their way on the south slope around lake Gregueña. Late in the day, at the end of their strength, they took refuge for the night in a cabin near the Vallibierna valley.

As the sun rose the next morning, the group left for the Coroné pass. Despite a fear of crevasses, they decided to approach the summit by the glacier. After climbing a ridge only a few meters wide (baptized the "Bridge of Mohammed" by Albert de Franqueville), they reached the summit on July 20, 1842, where they constructed a cairn and left a bottle containing each climber's name.

First Winter Ascent

The first winter ascent of the mountain was achieved on March 1, 1878 by Roger de Monts, B. Courrèges, and B. and V. d'Aneto de:Aneto es:Pico Aneto fr:Aneto io:Aneto nl:Aneto sk:Pico de Aneto


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