7 (number)

Template:Numbers (digits)  
Cardinal  7 seven 
Ordinal  7th seventh 
Numeral system  septenary 
Factorization  prime 
Divisors  1, 7 
Roman numeral  VII 
Unicode representation of Roman numeral  Ⅶ, ⅶ 
prefixes  hepta/hept (from Greek) 
Binary  111 
Octal  7 
Duodecimal  7 
Hexadecimal  7
<tr><td>Hebrew<td>ז (Zayin) 
7 (seven) is the natural number following 6 and preceding 8.
The SI prefix for 1000^{7} is zetta (Z), and for its reciprocal zepto (z).
Contents 
Evolution of the glyph
In the beginning, various Indians wrote 7 more or less in one stroke as a curve that looks like an uppercase J upside down. The western Ghubar Arabs' main contribution was to make the longer line diagonal rather than straight, though they showed some tendencies to making the character more rectilinear. The eastern Arabs developed the character from a 6lookalike into an uppercase Vlookalike. Both modern Arab forms influenced the European form, a twostroke character consisting of a horizontal upper line joined at its right to a line going down to the bottom left corner, a line that is slightly curved in some font variants. As is the case with the European glyph, the Cham and Khmer glyph for 7 also evolved to look like their glyph for 1, though in a different way, and so they were also concerned with making their 7 more different. For the Khmer this often involved adding a horizontal line above the glyph. This is analogous to the horizontal stroke through the middle that is sometimes used in handwriting in the Western world but which is almost never used in computer fonts.
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On the sevensegment displays of pocket calculators and digital watches, 7 is the number with the most common glyph variation (0 and 6 also have variant glyphs). Most calculators use three line segments, but on Sharp, Casio and a few other brands of calculators, 7 is written with four line segments.
In fonts with text figures, 7 usually has a descender, for example, Missing image
TextFigs078.png
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.
In mathematics
Seven is the fourthsmallest prime number; the next is 11. Seven is a Mersenne prime, since 2^{3}  1 = 7. Seven is also the fourth Mersenne prime exponent, the first NewmanShanksWilliams prime, and the first Woodall prime. 7 is also the second lucky prime, the second safe prime, and the fourth factorial prime. 7 is also a Self number.
999,999 divided by 7 is exactly 142,857, so vulgar fractions with 7 in the denominator have sixdigit repeating sequences in their decimal expansions. 1/7 = 0.142857142....
A sevensided polygon is a heptagon. The regular ngons for n ≤ 6 can be constructed by ruler and compass alone, but the regular heptagon cannot. Figurate numbers representing heptagons (including seven) are called heptagonal numbers. Seven is also a centered hexagonal number.
There are seven frieze groups, the groups consisting of symmetries of the plane whose group of translations is isomorphic to the group of integers.
In numeral systems
Base  Numeral system  

2  binary  111 
3  ternary  21 
4  quaternary  13 
5  quinary  12 
6  senary  11 
7  septenary  10 
over 7 (octal, decimal)  7 
In science
 The atomic number of nitrogen.
 The number of periods, or horizontal rows of elements, on the periodic table.
 The number of carbon atoms in heptane, a hydrocarbon.
 The neutral pH  the pH level of pure water
In astronomy,
 The number of objects in the solar system visible to the naked eye (Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn, Sun). A fact that is believed to have led to the concept of seven days of the week first adopted by the Babylonians.
 Messier object M7, a magnitude 3.5 open cluster in the constellation Scorpius.
 The New General Catalogue object (http://www.ngcic.org/) NGC7, a 14th magnitude spiral galaxy in the constellation Sculptor
 The Saros number (http://sunearth.gsfc.nasa.gov/eclipse/SEsaros/SEsaros1175.html) of the solar eclipse series which began on 2590 April 8 and ended on 1310 May 16. The duration of Saros series 7 was 1280.1 years, and it contained 72 solar eclipses.
 The Saros number (http://sunearth.gsfc.nasa.gov/eclipse/LEsaros/LEsaros1175.html) of the lunar eclipse series which began on 2595 July 15 and ended on 1008 February 22. The duration of Saros series 7 was 1586.6 years, and it contained 89 lunar eclipses.
Albums
There are several albums titled 7:
 a 2003 album by Enrique Iglesias: see 7 (Enrique Iglesias album).
 a 2000 album by S Club 7: see 7 (S Club 7 album)
 a 1992 album by James: see Seven (James album).
 a 1986 album by George Strait: see 7 (George Strait album)
 a 1981 album by Madness: see 7 (Madness album)
In other fields
Seven is the smallest positive integer requiring two syllables in English.
There are seven musicians in a septet and seven babies born in a set of septuplets. The most famous set of septuplets are the McCaughey Septuplets, who were born in 1997.
The British fiftypence and twentypence coins are heptagons, with the sides curved to give them a constant diameter.
Many cities are claimed to be constructed amidst seven hills; see Seven hills of Rome and List of cities claiming to be built on seven hills.
Seven is also:
 the largest number of sticks (or other cylindrical objects) that can be tied into a bundle such that the shape of the bundle remains fixed. This may have led to the number being viewed with mystical significance by ancient man.
 a highly symbolic number in the Hebrew Bible, being, for example, the day on which God rested in Genesis
 the number of ayat in surat alFatiha
 the number of heavens in Islamic tradition
 the number of spheres in the Ptolemaic system
 September was the seventh month in the ancient Roman calendar. After the reform that led to the current order, the seventh month is July.
 in Astrology, Libra is the 7th astrological sign of the Zodiac.
 Boomer Esiason's jersey number.
 the traditional number of Wonders of the Ancient World.
 viewed as a lucky number in many Western cultures, and in Japanese culture.
 the number of days in a week. Whether Saturday or Sunday is the seventh day varies across cultures.
 Septidi was the seventh day of the decade in the French Revolutionary Calendar
 referred to in bingo as 'Lucky Seven'.
 the number of the Deadly Sins: lust, avarice, envy, pride, sloth, gluttony and anger.
 considered the usual number for a witches' coven.
 the number of palms in an Egyptian Sacred Cubit.
 the number of the ages of man into which William Shakespeare divided a lifetime.
 the figurative number of seas.
 the number of colors of the rainbow.
 the number of basic principles of the bushido.
 the number of heads of the beast of Revelations, and of some other monsters, like the hydra.
 the number of points on a sheriff's star.
 the code for international direct dial phone calls to Russia and Kazakhstan.
 the name of an elite agency of photojournalists founded by seven leading photographers, including James Nachtwey and others.
 the title of:
 the film Seven (or Se7en), directed in 1995 by David Fincher and starring Morgan Freeman, Brad Pitt and Kevin Spacey.
 the song "Seven" by David Bowie.
 the name of one of the monsters in the cartoon television show Seven Little Monsters.
 the name George Costanza desired to give his firstborn (with Susan Ross) due to a promise he had made to the widow of Mickey Mantle, whose number was 7.
 the number of digits in an American telephone number, excluding the area code.
 the number of "Zoomers" on the PBS children's show Zoom.
 the number of sacraments in the Roman Catholic faith.
 the number of individual segments in one digit on a digital clock or calculator screen.
 part of the names of:
 Seven Pillars of Wisdom, a book written by T. E. Lawrence.
 The Secret Seven, name of children adventure book by Enid Blyton.
 the days in the movie The Ring until you die. "You will die in 7 days."
 the film Seven Years in Tibet.
 Kurosawa's film The Seven Samurai, that inspired the 1960 movie with Steve McQueen The Magnificent Seven and its own sequels.
 the video game Final Fantasy VII
 Several groupings called the Seven Sisters.
 Seven Sisters, a 1998 song album by pop singer Meja.
 the crewmember, Seven of Nine, in the Star Trek universe.
 the World Sevens Series in Rugby Union, including the Hong Kong Sevens.
 the sport itself.
 the Seven Network of Australia.
 The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People, a book by Stephen Covey.
 A character added to the cast of Married with Children who was quickly removed.
 The traditional count of Basque provinces as expressed in the slogan Zazpiak Bat.
 In rugby union, the openside flanker.
 In baseball, seven represents the left fielder's position.
 In all Microsoft Office programs, the F7 key calls up the spelling and grammar checker
 Historical years: A.D. 7, 7 B.C., or 1907
 In music, the roman numeral vii is the subtonic (bVII) or leading tone (VII) scale degree, chord, or diatonic function, when distinguished V = major and v = minor.
 In most Sonic the Hedgehog video games, the number of Chaos Emeralds.
 In Galician folklore, the seventh son will be a werewolf. In other folklores, after six daughters, the seventh child is to be a son and a werewolf. In other European folklores, the seventh son of a seventh son will be a vampire.
 Sevens is a card game.
 007, codename for James Bond, a fictional secret spy agent.
 The average number of digits that can be stored in shortterm memory.
 When rolling two sixsided dice, you are statistically more likely to roll a seven than any other number.
See also
de:Sieben es:Siete eo:Sep fr:7 (nombre) ko:7 ia:7 it:Sette he:7 (מספר) nah:Chicome nl:Zeven ja:7 no:7 (tall) nn:Talet sju pl:Siedem sl:7 (število) sv:Sju th:7 (จำนวน) zh:7