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Philadelphia Phillies

From Academic Kids

Template:MLB Phillies franchise

The Philadelphia Phillies are a Major League Baseball team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. They play in the Eastern Division of the National League.

Founded: 1883
The team's name is the longest continuous name in all professional sports. Newspaper writers tried to change the name to "Quakers" or "Live Wires" in the 1910's, and the team took a fan poll giving them the secondary name of "Blue Jays" in 1943, but neither of them caught on as an official team name.
Home ballpark: Citizens Bank Park (2004-), a baseball-only field next to the former location of Veterans Stadium.
Former home ballparks: Veterans Stadium (1971-2003), Connie Mack Stadium/Shibe Park (July 4th, 1938-1970), Baker Bowl/Philadelphia Park/Philadelphia Baseball Grounds (1887- June 30th, 1938), Recreation Park (1883-1886)
Uniform colors: Scarlet and white with blue trim.
Logo design: A blue baseball infield trimed in white and scarlet red with a white Liberty Bell inside and "Phillies" in scarlet red script and underscore with blue stars dotting the "I"s in white trim.
Teams in Division: Atlanta Braves, Florida Marlins, New York Mets, Washington Nationals
Playoff appearance (9): 1915, 1950, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1980, 1981, 1983, 1993
Wild Card titles won (0): none
Division titles won (6): 1976, 1977, 1978, 1980, 1983, 1993
National League pennants won (5): 1915, 1950, 1980, 1983, 1993
World Series championships won (1): 1980
Contents

Franchise history

Founded in 1883, the National League's Philadelphia Phillies are the longest standing, one-name, one-location team in all professional American sports.

Named for a verbal shorthand of their city of residence ("Philly"), the Phillies replaced the Worcester, Massachusetts Brown Stockings in the National League. However, the team was not relocated - the Worcesters were expelled from the league, and the new Phillies were given their spot. The name has absolutely nothing to do with horses, even if contemporary sportswriters sometimes called them "Fillies" just to be funny. Their initial owners were John Rodgers along with Al Reach, the sporting goods magnate and the first ever professional baseball player according to many definitions. Reach was the man to give the Phillies their name. The time-honored team name in the city had been "Athletic of Philadelphia", but that name was already taken by the American Association entry and would later be adopted by the new entry in the American League. So, Phillies it was, and Phillies it remains to this day for the National Leaguers.

The Phillies franchise historically had four strong winning periods:

After Mike Schmidt retired in 1989, the Phillies had a decade of losing seasons, save for a World Series berth in 1993. Beloved by the city of Philadelphia, this team with names such as Darren Daulton, John Kruk, Lenny Dykstra also known as Nails, and Curt Schilling surprised the city and the nation with their achievements. Losing to the Toronto Blue Jays in the World Series, giving the Canadians two consecutive World Series titles, was nonetheless disappointing. The team was often described as "shaggy," "unkempt" and "dirty." The previous year, noting the presence of the clean-cut Dale Murphy, Kruk himself described the team as "24 morons and one Mormon." Their character endeared them to Philadelphia, and attendance records were set the following season. But with that season's (1994) players' strike, most of the Phillies' fan base was greatly offended, and since then the Phillies have had little success either on the field or at the gate - the realignment of the Atlanta Braves into the National League East in 1994 having had a negative effect on both as the Braves have won the division every year since joining it, often by lopsided margins. Indeed, following their 1983 World Series loss to the Baltimore Orioles, the team neglected to post back-to-back winning seasons until finally doing so in 2003 and 2004; the 2004 team also was second in the NL East, only the third time the Phillies have finished that high since the 1994 realignment (including a joint second-place finish with the New York Mets in 1995).

One hallmark of the Phillies throughout history is losing and inept management. From 1919 to 1947, a stretch of 29 seasons, the Phillies finished last 17 times and next to last in 7 of the seasons. The small size of Baker Bowl used to be blamed for their problems, but the continuation of their losing ways after moving to the normal-sized Shibe Park undercut that theory.

In a 1962 baseball magazine, there was a cartoon showing a ballplayer arriving at a French Foreign Legion outpost. His explanation: "I was released by the Phillies!" If the cartoon had been done a year later, it would have said "Mets", as the Phillies were starting to improve while the Mets lost 120 games in their first year.

And of course, the famous collapse in 1964 is legendary. Up by 6 1/2 games with 12 left to play, the Phillies dropped 10 consecutive games, dropping behind. Then they started to win again, and if the St. Louis Cardinals had lost on the final day, the Phillies would have been included in a tie (along with the Cincinnati Reds, forcing an unprecedented 3-team playoff for first place. It was not to be. The Cardinals won that last game, and the Phillies had lost theiur chance at the National League crown.

During this stretch, the Phillies found new ways to lose. Manager Gene Mauch was criticized for panicking down the stretch. This collapse is widely known as one of the most notable collapses in all of sports history, only surmounted by the Boston Red Sox blowing a 14-game lead to the New York Yankees during the month of September, 1978 and by the play-off collapse of the New York Yankees to the Boston Red Sox in 2004. The Phillies' recent failures have contributed a resurgence in the belief of the Curse of Billy Penn.

A rare distinction in baseball is to have hit four home runs in one game. There are only fifteen times that this has happened. The Phillies have had three batters with four home runs in a game, this is more than any other team, past or present.

Phillies fans have endured a reputation for generally rowdy behavior (an old saying was "Phillies fans would boo a wedding or a funeral"), but the stereotype of them as rampant hellions is far overblown. While some players have openly complained about a segment of fans who routinely boo their own team, it must also be said that Phillies fans are among the most loyal in the major leagues, turning out to support the team despite a multitude of losing seasons. This is mainly due to the fans' appreciation of players who give maximum effort; many of the Phils' most popular players have not necessarily been the best or most talented, but rather the scrappiest.

The Philly fans reputation for rowdiness is nothing new. Visiting team radio announcers in the 1960s would regularly report over the airwaves about fights breaking out in the stands at Connie Mack Stadium.

Their reputation was enhanced by several events that occurred at Veteran’s Stadium and the general behavior in the infamous 700 level at the Vet. The city of Philadelphia built a court into the vet to deal with rowdy fans. Fans have thrown snowballs at Santa during and Eagles (who shared the Vet with Phillies until 2004) game and booed a singer wearing a Lakers jersey before a NBA title game in 2000. Phillies fans have shown their hatred of J.D. Drew after he bad-mouthed Philadelphia and the Phillies after a draft by christening home night games against the St. Louis Cardinals “battery night”. Fans would buy batteries to throw at Drew.

Since the 1980s, team management has been consistently criticized as being cheap and uninterested in winning. A series of terrible managers and general managers was briefly interrupted by 1993's magical run. The opening of the new ballpark brought hope to fans, but the hope has quickly faded as general manager Ed Wade has once again been the target of criticism as the team has failed to meet expectations in the '00 decade.

Players of note

Baseball Hall of Famers

   

Current 25-man roster (updated on June 8, 2005)

Pitchers

Catchers

 

Infielders

Outfielders

Disabled list

Not to be forgotten

   

Retired numbers

Award Winners

Single Season Records

  • Batting average: Ed Delahanty, .410 (1899)
  • Home runs: Mike Schmidt, 48 (1980)
  • RBI: Chuck Klein, 170 (1930)
  • Runs: Billy Hamilton, 192 (1894)
  • Hits: Lefty O'Doul, 254 (1929)
  • Singles: Richie Ashburn, 181, (1951)
  • Doubles: Chuck Klein, 59 (1930)
  • Triples: Sam Thompson, 27 (1894)
  • Stolen bases: Billy Hamilton, 111 (1891)
  • Hitting streak: Chuck Klein, 26 games (1930-twice)
  • Slugging average: Chuck Klein, .687 (1930)
  • Extra-base hits: Chuck Klein, 107 (1930)
  • Total bases: Chuck Klein, 445 (1930)
  • On-base percentage: Billy Hamilton, .523 (1894)
  • OPS: Chuck Klein, 1.123 (1930)
  • Walks: Lenny Dykstra, 129 (1993)
  • Strikeouts: Jim Thome, 182 (2003)
  • Pitching wins: Kid Gleason, 38 (1890)
  • Pitching strikeouts: Curt Schilling, 319 (1997)
  • Pitching ERA: Pete Alexander, 1.22 (1915)
  • Pitching shutouts: Pete Alexander, 16 (1916)
  • Pitching saves: José Mesa, 45 (2002)

External link

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