London City Airport

From Academic Kids

London City Airport is a single-runway STOLPORT situated in East London in the London Borough of Newham developed by the private engineering company Mowlem in 1986/87. It has since been extended in three significant stages. The runway was lengthened and the angle of glideslopes was reduced from 7.5 to 5.5 degrees, still relatively steep for a European airport. The western apron was enlarged and a turning loop built in 2003 at the eastern end of the runway.

Queen Elizabeth II officially opened London City Airport in November 1987 and it has become recognised as one of Europe's leading airports for business travel.

Over 1.6 million passengers use the airport annually and its management believes that economic development nearby will sustain a potential for over five million passengers per annum. Domestic routes to Manchester, Scotland, Wales and the Isle of Man complement international services.

It is unusual to the extent that, from the opening day, stringent rules were imposed on the noise impact acceptable from each aircraft departure. This, together with the physical dimensions of the runway, limits the range of aircraft types that are acceptable to the airport and planning authorities. Nevertheless it has become a useful adjunct to London's larger airports, particularly for workers frequenting Docklands, and has met its operating costs in recent years. It is an important element in the Newham labour market and, together with the nearby ExCeL centre, has stimulated a local surge of hotel building.

Typical mid-range airliners seen here include the ATR42, DHC Dash 8, BAe-146 Whisperjet, Dornier 328, Fokker 50 and Saab 2000. Corporate aircraft such as the Beechcraft Super King Air, Cessna Citation and variants of the Dassault Falcon bizjet are increasingly common, but larger or noisier types are not permitted. Helicopters are also denied access for environmental reasons. The earliest scheduled flights were operated by Bombardier Dash Sevens and Dornier 228 aircraft with Paris, Amsterdam and Rotterdam being the initial destinations. The size of the airport, constrained by the water-filled Royal Albert and King George V docks to the north and south respectively, means that there are no covered maintenance facilities for aircraft. Passengers are likely to perceive the compact terminal as a benefit.

Passenger access to the City of London is being facilitated by the building of an extra spur of the Docklands Light Railway from Canning Town, which is planned to open in 2005. This should reduce passengers' dependence on cars and taxis. In the meantime, frequent express shuttle buses operate to Canning Town, Canary Wharf and Liverpool Street with cheaper slower buses provided by London Buses to Walthamstow, Plaistow, Canning Town and Stratford stations. Onward tube connections are available from all these places. One London Buses route heads east from the terminal to meet the Woolwich Ferry that can take passengers across to Woolwich on the southern bank of the River Thames.

The following airlines fly to London City Airport:

External link

de:Flughafen London City



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