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Laval, Quebec

From Academic Kids

Ville de Laval, Québec, Canada
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Motto: Unité, progrès, grandeur (Unity, Progress, Greatness)
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Area: 247.07 sq. km.
Population

 - City (2004)
 - Canadian CD Rank
 - Canadian Municipal Rank
 - Density


364 756
Ranked 20th



Ranked 14th
1 388.30/km²

Time zone Eastern: UTC-5
Latitude
Longitude
45°32' N
73°49' W
MPs
Robert Carrier, Nicole Demers, Raymonde Folco, Serge Ménard
MNAs
Vincent Auclair, Maurice Clermont, Michelle Courchesne, Thomas J. Mulclair, Alain Paquet
Mayor Gilles Vaillancourt(since 1989)
Governing body Laval City Council
City of Laval (http://www.ville.laval.qc.ca/pls/wlav/wlav.site.show?p_type=1&p_no=2)

Laval is a city, a regional county municipality and a region in southwestern Quebec, Canada in the Greater Montreal Area. It is located on Ile Jesus, across the Rivière des Prairies from Montreal. It also includes the Îles-Laval in the Rivière des Prairies. The city has a population of 364,756 (Statistics Canada (http://www.statcan.ca/), 2004). Laval also constitutes one of the 17 regions of Quebec.

Laval was named after the first owner of Île Jésus, François de Montmorency-Laval, the first Roman Catholic Bishop of Quebec. It was incorporated on August 6, 1965 when the Quebec government merged the 14 municipalities that comprised Laval County:

The Island is still rural in nature, with most of the urban area in the central region, and along the south and west coasts. Laval is served by Autoroutes 25, 19, 13 and 15 and is traversed by Quebec Autoroute 440. There is commuter rail service provided by AMT on two lines (Montreal-Deux Montagnes and Montreal-Blainville), and the STM's Montreal Metro is presently being extended north of Henri-Bourassa (Montreal Metro), with completion expected in 2007. Société de transport de Laval (STL), is a partner with AMT, and connects with STM at both Henri-Bourassa (Montreal Metro) and Côte-Vertu (Montreal Metro) terminii.

There are six road bridges to the Montreal island, and seven bridges to the north shore region, comprising of the communities of Deux-Montagnes, Saint-Eustache, Boisbriand, Rosemère, Lorraine, Bois-des-Filion, and Terrebonne.

Laval is bounded on the south and east by Montreal, on the north by MRC des Moulins and on the west by MRC de Thérèse-De Blainville and MRC de Deux-Montagnes.

Politically, Laval is a battleground area between the Quebec nationalist parties (The Bloc Quebecois federally and the Parti Quebecois provincially) and the federalist parties (The Liberal Party of Canada and the Parti liberal du Quebec). The only exception is Chomedey in the south, which voted overwhelmingly to not separate in the 1995 Quebec referendum. The other parts of Laval were narrowly split.

The city is about 6% Anglophone, 73% Francophone and 20% Allophone. The city is 91% White, but is also home to a sizable black and Arab minority. The city is 81% Roman Catholic. The median income is $23,965.


Contents

Tourism


Laval's main attractions are :

Source : http://www.tourismelaval.com/


History

Laval was first settled by Jesuits in 1636 when they were granted a seigneury there. Agriculture first appeared in Laval in 1670. In 1675, François de Montmorency-Laval gained control of the seigneury. In 1702 a parish was founded, and dedicated to Saint-François de Sales. The first municipalities on the island were created in 1845, after nearly 200 years of a rural nature. The only built up area on the island, Ste-Rose was incorporated as a village in 1850, and remained as the main community for the remainder of the century. With the dawn of the 20th century came urbanization. Laval-des-Rapides became Laval's first city in 1912 and was followed by L’Abord-à-Plouffe being granted village states three years later. Laval-sur-le-Lac was founded in the same year based on its tourist-based economy from Montrealers. Laval began to grow throughout the following years, due to its proximity to Montreal which made it an ideal suburb. To deal with problems caused by urbanization, amalgamations occurred like when l’Abord-à-Plouffe amalgamated with Renaud and Saint-Martin creating the city of Chomedey in 1961. The amalgamation turned out to be successful for the municipalities involved, and the Quebec government decided to amalgamate the whole island into the city of Laval in 1965. At the time, Laval had a population of 170,000. Laval became a Regional County Municipality in 1980. Prior to that, it was the County of Laval.

External links

City of Laval (http://www.ville.laval.qc.ca/) (En&Fr)

Fr.Wikipedia.Org : Laval ville du Québec (http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laval_%28Qu%C3%A9bec%29) (Fr)

See also


North:
Bois-des-Filion, Terrebonne
West:
Rosemère, Broisbriand, Saint-Eustache
Laval East: Montreal
South: Montreal


fr:Laval (Québec) pl:Laval (Quebec)

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