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National Assembly of Quebec

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The Quebec Parliament Building at night
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The Quebec Parliament Building at night

The National Assembly of Québec (French: Assemblée nationale du Québec) is the legislative body of the Province of Quebec, Canada. It operates in a fashion similar to that of other British-style parliamentary systems. Since the abolition in 1968 of the Legislative Council (French: Conseil législatif), hitherto the upper house of the Quebec Parliament, the lower house known as National Assembly of Quebec has had exclusive power to enact laws in the provincial jurisdictions defined in the Constitution of Canada. The current President of the National Assembly of Quebec is Liberal Member of the National Assembly (MNA) Michel Bissonnet.

Contents

History

The Legislative Assembly was created in Lower Canada by the Constitutional Act of 1791. It was abolished from 1841 to 1867 under the 1840 Act of Union which merged Upper Canada and Lower Canada into a single colony named the Province of Canada. The 1867 British North America Act, which created the Canadian confederation, split the Province of Canada into the provinces of Quebec and Ontario. The Legislative Assembly of Lower Canada was thus restored as the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Quebec.

The original Quebec legislature was bicameral, consisting of the Legislative Council and the Legislative Assembly.

In 1968, Bill 90 was passed by the government of Premier Jean-Jacques Bertrand, abolishing the Legislative Council and renaming the Legislative Assembly the "National Assembly". Before 1968, there had been various unsuccessful attempts at abolishing the Legislative Council, which was analogous to the Senate of Canada.

In 1978, television cameras were brought in for the first time to televise parliamentary debates. The colour of the walls was changed to suit the needs of television and the salon vert (green hall) became the salon bleu (blue hall).

Parliament Building

Built in Quebec City between 1877 and 1886, the present Hôtel du Parlement (Parliament Building) was designed by architect Eugène-Étienne Taché. It is a unique construction in North America, with a Second Empire style of architecture. Its façade features a pantheon representing important events and people in the history of Quebec.

Elections

General elections are held at least every five years. Any person holding a Canadian citizenship and who has resided in Quebec for at least six months qualifies to have his or her name entered on the electoral list.

Quebec's territory is divided into 125 electoral districts (ridings). In each electoral division, the candidate who receives the most votes is elected and becomes a Member of the National Assembly (MNA). This is known as the first-past-the-post voting system.

Normally, the leader of the political party with the largest number of elected candidates is asked by the Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec to form the government as Premier, or Prime Minister. (In French, both titles are rendered as Premier Ministre.).

Current members

</table> Official seating plan of the Quebec National Assembly. At the present, the 125 seats of the National Assembly are distributed as follows:
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Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/rowTemplate:Canadian politics/party colours/PQ/rowTemplate:Canadian politics/party colours/ADQ/rowTemplate:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/rowTemplate:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row
Affiliation Members
Female Members
Parti libéral du Québec 72 22
Parti Québécois 45 16
Action démocratique du Québec 5 1
Independent 1 0
Vacant 2 -
 Total
125 38
 Government Majority
9

</center>

  • Libéral member Daniel Bouchard (Megantic-Compton) is sitting as an independent while being under an inquiry relating to a former job.

By-elections were held in these four districts on September 20, 2004.


Member list

Cabinet Ministers are in Bold, Leaders are in Italics and the President of the National Assembly has a Dagger next to his name.

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colours/Liberal/rowTemplate:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/rowTemplate:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/rowTemplate:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/rowTemplate:Canadian politics/party colours/ADQ/rowTemplate:Canadian politics/party colours/PQ/rowTemplate:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/rowTemplate:Canadian politics/party colours/PQ/rowTemplate:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/rowTemplate:Canadian politics/party colours/PQ/rowTemplate:Canadian politics/party colours/ADQ/rowTemplate:Canadian politics/party colours/PQ/rowTemplate:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/rowTemplate:Canadian politics/party colours/PQ/rowTemplate:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/rowTemplate:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/rowTemplate:Canadian politics/party colours/PQ/rowTemplate:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/rowTemplate:Canadian politics/party colours/PQ/rowTemplate:Canadian politics/party colours/PQ/rowTemplate:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/rowTemplate:Canadian politics/party colours/PQ/rowTemplate:Canadian politics/party colours/PQ/rowTemplate:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/rowTemplate:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row
Maxime Arsenau Parti Québécois Îles-de-la-Madeleine
Vincent Auclair Libéral Vimont
Michel Audet Libéral Laporte
Claude Bachand Libéral Arthabaska
Line Beauchamp Libéral Bourassa-Sauvé
Denise Beaudoin Parti Québécois Mirabel
Claude Béchard Libéral Kamouraska-Témiscouata
Stéphane Bédard Parti Québécois Chicoutimi
Lawrence S. Bergman Libéral D'Arcy-McGee
Daniel Bernard Libéral Rouyn-Noranda—Témiscamingue
Raymond Bernier Libéral Montmorency
Rosaire Bertrand Parti Québécois Charlevoix
Michel BissonnetLibéral Jeanne-Mance—Viger
Karl Blackburn Libéral Roberval
Yvan Bordeleau Libéral Acadie
Camil Bouchard Parti Québécois Vachon
Daniel Bouchard Independent Mégantic-Compton
Claude Boucher Parti Québécois Johnson
André Boulerice Parti Québécois Sainte-Marie—Saint-Jacques
Julie Boulet Libéral Laviolette
Alexandre Bourdeau Parti Québécois Berthier
Bernard Brodeur Libéral Shefford
Jocelyne Caron Parti Québécois Terrebonne
Jacques Chagnon Libéral Westmount—Saint-Louis
Noëlla Champagne Parti Québécois Champlain
Jean-Pierre Charbonneau Parti Québécois Borduas
Jean Charest Libéral Sherbrooke
Nancy Charest Libéral Matane
Solange Charest Parti Québécois Rimouski
Lucie Charlebois Libéral Soulanges
André Chenail Libéral Huntingdon
Roch Cholette Libéral Hull
Maurice Clermont Libéral Mille-Îles
Russell Copeman Libéral Notre-Dame-de-Grâce
Pierre Corbeil Libéral Abitibi-Est
Jacques Côté Parti Québécois Dubuc
Philippe Couillard Libéral Mont-Royal
Michelle Courchesne Libéral Fabre
Claude Cousineau Parti Québécois Bertrand
William Cusano Libéral Viau
Margaret F. Delisle Libéral Jean-Talon
Pierre Descoteaux Libéral Groulx
Serge Deslières Parti Québécois Beauharnois
Michel Després Libéral Jean-Lesage
Léandre Dion Parti Québécois Saint-Hyacinthe
Rita Dionne-Marsoliar Parti Québécois Rosemont
Danielle Doyer Parti Québécois Matapédia
Jean Dubuc Libéral La Prairie
Marjolain Dufour Parti Québécois René-Lévesque
Mario Dumont ADQ Rivière-du-Loup
Jacques P. Dupuis Libéral Saint-Laurent
Jean-Marc Fournier Libéral Châteauguay
André Gabais Libéral Trois-Riviéres
Monique Gagnon-Tremblay Libéral Saint-François
Francine Gaudet Libéral Maskinongé
Françoise Gauthier Libéral Jonquière
Henri-François Gautrin Libéral Verdun
François Gendron Parti Québécois Abitibi-Ouest
Nicolas Girard Parti Québécois Gouin
Janvier Grondin ADQ Beauce-Nord
Sam Hamad Libéral Louis-Hébert
France Hamel Libéral La Peltrie
Louise Harel Parti Québécois Hochelaga-Maisonneuve
Fatima Houda-Pepin Libéral La Pinière
Yolande James Libéral Nelligan
Monique Jérôme-Forget Libéral Marguerite-Bourgeoys
Normand Jutras Parti Québécois Drummond
Geoffrey Kelley Libéral Jacques-Cartier
Réjean Lafrenière Libéral Gatineau
Michèle Lamquin-Éthier Libéral Crémazie
Diane Leblanc Libéral Beauce-Sud
Charlotte L'Écuyer Libéral Pontiac
Elsie Lefebvre Parti Québécois Laurier-Dorion
Sylvain Légaré ADQ Vanier
Diane Legault Libéral Chambly
François Legault Parti Québécois Rousseau
Richard Legendre Parti Québécois Blainville
Nicole Léger Parti Québécois Pointe-aux-Trembles
Guy Lelièvre Parti Québécois Gaspé
Diane Lemieux Parti Québécois Bourget
Laurent Lessard Libéral Frontenac
Michel Létourneau Parti Québécois Ungava
Nicole Loiselle Libéral Saint-Henri—Sainte-Anne
Norman MacMillan Libéral Papineau
Agnès Maltais Parti Québécois Taschereau
Yvon Marcoux Libéral Vaudreuil
Pauline Marois Parti Québécois Taillon
Pierre Marsan Libéral Robert-Baldwin
Éric R. Mercier Libéral Charlesbourg
Pierre Moreau Libéral Marguerite-D'Youville
Michel Morin Parti Québécois Nicolet-Yamaska
Norbert Monrin Libéral Montmagny-L'Islet
Thomas J. Mulcair Libéral Chomedey
Nathalie Normandeau Libéral Bonaventure
François Ouimet Libéral Marquette
Sylvain Pagé Parti Québécois Labelle
Lucie Papineau Parti Québécois Prévost
Alain Paquet Libéral Laval-des-Rapides
Jean-Pierre Paquin Libéral Saint-Jean
Pierre Paradis Libéral Brome-Missisquoi
Benoît Pelletier Libéral Chapleau
Sarah Perreault Libéral Chauveau
Marc Picard ADQ Chutes-de-la-Chaudière
Claude Pinard Parti Québécois Saint-Maurice
Pierre Reid Libéral Orford
Lorraine Richard Parti Québécois Duplessis
Jean Rioux Libéral Iberville
Hélène Robert Parti Québécois Deux-Montagnes
Sylvie Roy ADQ Lotbinière
Sylvain Simard Parti Québécois Richelieu
Jean-Pierre Soucy Libéral Portneuf
Jean-Claude St-André Parti Québécois L'Assomption
Carole Théberge Libéral Lévis
Lise Thériault Libéral Anjou
Luc Thériault Parti Québécois Masson
Tony Tomassi Libéral LaFontaine
Stéphan Tremblay Parti Québécois Lac-Saint-Jean
Daniel Turp Parti Québécois Mercier
Yvon Vallières Libéral Richmond
Jonathan Valois Parti Québécois Joliette
Cécile Vermette Parti Québécois Marie-Victorin
Dominique Vien Libéral Bellechasse
David Whissell Libéral Argenteuil

Proceedings

One of the Members of the National Assembly is chosen as the President of the Assembly (a post called Speaker in most other Westminster System assemblies) by the Premier with the support of the Leader of the Opposition. The President of the Assembly is the arbiter of the parliamentary debates between the members of the government and the members of the Opposition. In order for a member to address a member of the other side, he or she has to speak through the President of the Assembly. The President is usually a member of the governing party, although there is no requirement for this.

See also

External links


Canadian Legislative Bodies Flag of Canada
Parliament of Canada:
House of Commons | Senate
Legislative Assemblies of the Provinces and Territories:
British Columbia | Alberta | Saskatchewan | Manitoba | Ontario | Quebec | New Brunswick | Nova Scotia | Prince Edward Island | Newfoundland and Labrador | Yukon | Northwest Territories | Nunavut
City Councils of major municipalities:
Vancouver | Calgary | Edmonton | Winnipeg | Hamilton | Mississauga | Toronto | Ottawa | Montreal | Quebec City
Abbotsford | Barrie | Brampton | Burlington | Burnaby | Cambridge | Cape Breton | Chatham-Kent | Coquitlam | Gatineau | Greater Sudbury | Guelph | Halifax | Kingston | Kitchener | Laval | Lévis | London | Longueuil | Markham | Niagara Falls | Oakville | Oshawa | Regina | Richmond | Richmond Hill | Saanich | St. Catharines | St. John's | Saguenay | Saskatoon | Sherbrooke | Surrey | Thunder Bay | Trois-Rivières | Vaughan | Victoria | Windsor

</center>fr:Assemblée nationale du Québec pl:Zgromadzenie Narodowe Quebecu

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