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Enzkreis

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Enzkreis
Statistics
State:Baden-Württemberg
Capital:Pforzheim
Adm. Region:Karlsruhe
Area:573.92 km²
Inhabitants:194,216 (2002)
pop. density:338 inh./km²
Car identification:ENZ
Homepage:http://www.enzkreis.de
Map
Map of Baden-Württemberg highlighting the district Enzkreis

The Enzkreis is a district (Kreis) in the north-west of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Neighboring districts are (from west clockwise) Karlsruhe, Heilbronn, Ludwigsburg, Böblingen and Calw. The district-free Pforzheim in the south is nearly completely surrounded by the district.

Contents

History

The district was created in 1973, when the previous district Pforzheim was merged with parts of the neighboring districts Vaihingen, Leonberg and Calw. Some part of the district Pforzheim was included into the city Pforzheim.

The district Pforzheim dates back to 1939, when the Bezirksamt Pforzheim was split into the district and the district-free city.

Geography

The south of the Enzkreis covers the northern part of the Black Forest. In the north-west of the district is the Kraichgau, an agricultural area. The main river is the Enz, a confluent of the Neckar.

Partnerships

Since March 1993 the district has an official partnership with the Italian province Reggio Emilia. Since 1996 the district has a partnership with the Polish city Myslowice. As two municipalities left the city in a communal reform in 1995, the partnership also includes Imielin and Chelm Slaski. In March 2001 the Enzkreis together with the city Pforzheim started a friendship with the Hungarian Komitat Györ-Moson-Sopron.

Coat of arms

Coat of arms The four diamonds in the coat of arms represent the four historic territories covered by the district, Schwarzwald, Heckengäu, Kraichgau and Stromberg. The wavy line in the middle represent the river Enz, which also gave the name to the district.

Towns and municipalities

Towns Municipalities
  1. Heimsheim
  2. Knittlingen
  3. Maulbronn
  4. Mühlacker
  5. Neuenbürg
  1. Birkenfeld
  2. Eisingen
  3. Engelsbrand
  4. Friolzheim
  5. Illingen
  6. Ispringen
  7. Kämpfelbach
  8. Keltern
  9. Kieselbronn
  10. Königsbach-Stein
  11. Mönsheim
  12. Neuhausen

  1. Neulingen
  2. Niefern-Öschelbronn
  3. Ölbronn-Dürrn
  4. Ötisheim
  5. Remchingen
  6. Sternenfels
  7. Straubenhardt
  8. Tiefenbronn
  9. Wiernsheim
  10. Wimsheim
  11. Wurmberg
Verwaltungsgemeinschaften
  1. Heckengäu
  2. Kämpfelbachtal
  3. Maulbronn
  4. Mühlacker
  5. Neuenbürg
  6. Neulingen

External links


Flag of Baden Württemberg

Rural and urban districts in Baden-Württemberg

Alb-Donau | Baden-Baden | Biberach | Bodenseekreis | Böblingen | Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald | Calw | Constance | Emmendingen | Enzkreis | Esslingen | Freiburg | Freudenstadt | Göppingen | Heidelberg | Heidenheim | Heilbronn (city) | Heilbronn (district) | Hohenlohekreis | Karlsruhe (city) | Karlsruhe (district) | Lörrach | Ludwigsburg | Main-Tauber | Mannheim | Neckar-Odenwald | Ortenaukreis | Ostalbkreis | Pforzheim | Rastatt | Ravensburg | Rems-Murr | Reutlingen | Rhein-Neckar | Rottweil | Schwarzwald-Baar | Schwäbisch Hall | Sigmaringen | Stuttgart | Tuttlingen | Tübingen | Ulm | Waldshut | Zollernalbkreis
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